Now showing items 155-174 of 925

  • Colonisation of newly-opened habitat by a pioneer species, Alvinella pompejana (Polychaeta: Alvinellidae), at East Pacific Rise vent sites 

    Pradillon, Florence; Zbinden, Magali; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Gaill, Francoise (Inter-Research, 2005-11-04)
    Animal communities on the walls of deep-sea hydrothermal chimneys are distributed in mosaics of patches that may evolve as local environmental conditions change and biological interactions develop. Alvinella pompejana ...
  • Community change within a Caribbean coral reef Marine Protected Area following two decades of local management 

    Noble, Mae M.; van Laake, Gregoor; Berumen, Michael L.; Fulton, Christopher J. (Public Library of Science, 2013-01-14)
    Structural change in both the habitat and reef-associated fish assemblages within spatially managed coral reefs can provide key insights into the benefits and limitations of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). While MPA zoning ...
  • Community structure of marine sedimentary protists in relation to flow and grain size 

    Shimeta, Jeff; Gast, Rebecca J.; Rose, Julie M. (Inter-Research, 2007-06-20)
    Populations of unicellular, marine sedimentary protists are constrained by a variety of physical environmental factors, but influences of flow regime have rarely been studied. We compared community structure among 3 subtidal ...
  • The COMPADRE Plant Matrix Database : an open online repository for plant demography 

    Salguero-Gomez, Roberto; Jones, Owen R.; Archer, C. Ruth; Buckley, Yvonne M.; Che-Castaldo, Judy; Caswell, Hal; Hodgson, David; Scheuerlein, Alexander; Conde, Dalia A.; Brinks, Erik; de Buhr, Hendrik; Farack, Claudia; Gottschalk, France; Hartmann, Alexander; Henning, Anne; Hoppe, Gabriel; Romer, Gesa; Runge, Jens; Ruoff, Tara; Wille, Julia; Zeh, Stefan; Davison, Raziel; Vieregg, Dirk; Baudisch, Annette; Altwegg, Res; Colchero, Fernando; Dong, Ming; de Kroon, Hans; Lebreton, Jean-Dominique; Metcalf, Charlotte J. E.; Neel, Maile M.; Parker, Ingrid M.; Takada, Takenori; Valverde, Teresa; Velez-Espino, Luis A.; Wardle, Glenda M.; Franco, Miguel; Vaupel, James W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-11-09)
    Schedules of survival, growth and reproduction are key life-history traits. Data on how these traits vary among species and populations are fundamental to our understanding of the ecological conditions that have shaped ...
  • The comparative "systems" approach to HAB research 

    Anderson, Donald M.; Pitcher, Grant C.; Estrada, Marta (Oceanography Society, 2005-06)
    Experimental and comparative methods have been referred to as “the two great methods of science” (Mayr, 1982). To reach valid scientific conclusions, the processes of interest should be studied through repeated investigations, ...
  • Comparative analyses of aryl hydrocarbon receptor structure and function in marine mammals 

    Lapseritis, Joy M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-02)
    Marine mammals possess high body burdens of persistent organic pollutants, including PCBs and dioxin-like compounds (DLC). Chronic environmental or dietary exposure to these chemicals can disrupt the function of reproductive ...
  • A comparative analysis of marine mammal tracheas 

    Moore, Colby D.; Moore, Michael J.; Trumble, Stephen J.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Lentell, Betty J.; McLellan, William A.; Costidis, Alexander M.; Fahlman, Andreas (2013-11)
    In 1940, Scholander suggested that stiffened upper airways remained open and received air from highly compressible alveoli during marine mammal diving. There are little data available on the structural and functional ...
  • Comparing call-based versus subunit-based methods for categorizing Norwegian killer whale, Orcinus orca, vocalizations 

    Shapiro, Ari D.; Tyack, Peter L.; Seneff, Stephanie (2010-08-13)
    Students of animal communication face significant challenges when deciding how to categorise calls into subunits, calls, and call series. Here, we use algorithms designed to parse human speech to test different approaches ...
  • Comparison of bacterial communities in sands and water at beaches with bacterial water quality violations 

    Halliday, Elizabeth; McLellan, Sandra L.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Gast, Rebecca J. (Public Library of Science, 2014-03-05)
    Recreational water quality, as measured by culturable fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), may be influenced by persistent populations of these bacteria in local sands or wrack, in addition to varied fecal inputs from human ...
  • A comparison of eutrophication impacts in two harbours in Hong Kong with different hydrodynamics 

    Xu, J.; Yin, K.; Liu, H.; Lee, Joseph H. W.; Anderson, Donald M.; Ho, Alvin Y. T.; Harrison, Paul J. (2009-09-03)
    Eutrophication impacts may vary spatially and temporally due to different physical processes. Using a 22-year time series data set (1986-2007), a comparison of eutrophication impacts between two eutrophic harbors, Victoria ...
  • A comparison of filtration rates among pelagic tunicates using kinematic measurements 

    Sutherland, Kelly R.; Madin, Laurence P. (2009-11)
    Salps have higher filtration rates than most other holoplankton, and are capable of packaging and exporting primary production from surface waters. A method of kinematic analysis was employed to accurately measure salp ...
  • A comparison of postrelease survival parameters between single and mass stranded delphinids from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 

    Sharp, Sarah M.; Harry, Charles T.; Hoppe, Jane M.; Moore, Kathleen M. T.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Robinson, Ian; Rose, Kathryn S.; Sharp, W. Brian; Landry, Scott; Richardson, Jessica; Moore, Michael J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-07-29)
    The viability of healthy single stranded dolphins as immediate release candidates has received little attention. Responders have been reluctant to release lone delphinids due to their social needs, even when they pass the ...
  • Comparison of techniques used to count single-celled viable phytoplankton 

    Steinberg, Mia K.; First, Matthew R.; Lemieux, Edward J.; Drake, Lisa A.; Nelson, Bruce N.; Kulis, David M.; Anderson, Donald M.; Welschmeyer, Nicholas A.; Herring, Penny R. (2010-10-14)
    Four methods commonly used to count phytoplankton were evaluated based upon the precision of concentration estimates: Sedgewick Rafter and membrane filter direct counts, flow cytometry, and flow-based imaging cytometry ...
  • Comparison of upwelling indices off Baja California derived from three different wind data sources 

    Perez-Brunius, Paula; Lopez, Manuel; Pares-Sierra, Alejandro; Pineda, Jesus (California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations, 2007-12)
    We compared the NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center’s Environmental Research Division (formerly Pacific Fisheries Environmental Laboratory: PFEL) coastal upwelling indices along the northern Baja California coast ...
  • Complexity and simplification in understanding recruitment in benthic populations 

    Pineda, Jesus; Reyns, Nathalie B.; Starczak, Victoria R. (2008-06-04)
    Research of complex systems and problems, entities with many dependencies, is often reductionist. The reductionist approach splits systems or problems into different components, and then addresses these components one by ...
  • Complexity in ecology and conservation : mathematical, statistical, and computational challenges 

    Green, Jessica L.; Hastings, Alan; Arzberger, Peter; Ayala, Francisco J.; Cottingham, Kathryn L.; Cuddingham, Kim; Davis, Frank; Dunne, Jennifer A.; Fortin, Marie-Josee; Gerber, Leah; Neubert, Michael G. (American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2005-06)
    Creative approaches at the interface of ecology, statistics, mathematics, informatics, and computational science are essential for improving our understanding of complex ecological systems. For example, new information ...
  • Compositional discrimination of decompression and decomposition gas bubbles in bycaught seals and dolphins 

    Bernaldo de Quiros, Yara; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Sylva, Sean P.; Greer, Bill; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Moore, Michael J. (Public Library of Science, 2013-12-19)
    Gas bubbles in marine mammals entangled and drowned in gillnets have been previously described by computed tomography, gross examination and histopathology. The absence of bacteria or autolytic changes in the tissues of ...
  • Connectivity and resilience of coral reef metapopulations in marine protected areas : matching empirical efforts to predictive needs 

    Botsford, L. W.; White, J. Wilson; Coffroth, M.- A.; Paris, Claire B.; Planes, Serge; Shearer, T. L.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Jones, Geoffrey P. (Springer, 2009-02-11)
    Design and decision-making for marine protected areas (MPAs) on coral reefs require prediction of MPA effects with population models. Modeling of MPAs has shown how the persistence of metapopulations in systems of MPAs ...
  • Connectivity dominates larval replenishment in a coastal reef fish metapopulation 

    Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Jones, Geoffrey P.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Planes, Serge (2011-01-25)
    Direct estimates of larval retention and connectivity are essential to understand the structure and dynamics of marine metapopulations, and optimize the size and spacing of reserves within networks of marine protected ...
  • Consequences of strain variability and calcification in Emiliania huxleyi on microzooplankton grazing 

    Harvey, Elizabeth L.; Bidle, Kay D.; Johnson, Matthew D. (2015-08-04)
    Microzooplankton are the main consumers of marine phytoplankton. Intrinsic traits of phytoplankton can reduce grazing mortality, directly influencing phytoplankton population dynamics, food web ecology, and biogeochemical ...