Now showing items 155-174 of 954

    • Closely related phytoplankton species produce similar suites of dissolved organic matter 

      Becker, Jamie W.; Berube, Paul M.; Follett, Christopher L.; Waterbury, John B.; Chisholm, Sallie W.; DeLong, Edward F.; Repeta, Daniel J. (Frontiers Media, 2014-03-28)
      Production of dissolved organic matter (DOM) by marine phytoplankton supplies the majority of organic substrate consumed by heterotrophic bacterioplankton in the sea. This production and subsequent consumption converts a ...
    • CO2 deposition over the multi-year ice of the western Weddell Sea 

      Zemmelink, Hendrik J.; Delille, B.; Tison, J. L.; Hintsa, Eric J.; Houghton, Leah; Dacey, John W. H. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-07-13)
      Field measurements by eddy correlation (EC) indicate an average uptake of 0.6 g CO2 m−2 d−1 by the ice-covered western Weddell Sea in December 2004. At the same time, snow that covers ice floes of the western Weddell Sea ...
    • The coastal environment and human health : microbial indicators, pathogens, sentinels and reservoirs 

      Stewart, Jill R.; Gast, Rebecca J.; Fujioka, Roger S.; Solo-Gabriele, Helena M.; Meschke, J. Scott; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; del Castillo, Erika; Polz, Martin F.; Collier, Tracy K.; Strom, Mark S.; Sinigalliano, Christopher D.; Moeller, Peter D. R.; Holland, A. Fredrick (BioMed Central, 2008-11-07)
      Innovative research relating oceans and human health is advancing our understanding of disease-causing organisms in coastal ecosystems. Novel techniques are elucidating the loading, transport and fate of pathogens in coastal ...
    • The coastal impact of ground water discharge : an assesment of anthropogenic nitrogen loading in Town Cove, Orleans, Massachusetts 

      Teal, John M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-11-14)
      The shores of Town Cove have been settled for three centuries. As for most of Cape Cod, small, sparsely populated farming and fishing villages of the eighteenth century have given way to a substantial population of ...
    • Coexistence of multiple proteobacterial endosymbionts in the gills of the wood-boring bivalve Lyrodus pedicellatus (Bivalvia: Teredinidae) 

      Distel, Daniel L.; Beaudoin, David J.; Morrill, Wendy (American Society for Microbiology, 2002-12)
      Wood-boring bivalves of the family Teredinidae (commonly called shipworms) are known to harbor dense populations of gram-negative bacteria within specialized cells (bacteriocytes) in their gills. These symbionts are thought ...
    • Coldwater reattachment of colonial tunicate Didemnum vexillum fragments to natural (eelgrass) and artificial (plastic) substrates in New England 

      Carman, Mary R.; Grunden, David W.; Ewart, Danielle (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC), 2014-03)
      The colonial tunicate Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002, was introduced to New England in the 1980s and by 2000 it was widespread. This highly invasive species spreads by larval release and fragmentation. We tested the ability ...
    • Colonisation of newly-opened habitat by a pioneer species, Alvinella pompejana (Polychaeta: Alvinellidae), at East Pacific Rise vent sites 

      Pradillon, Florence; Zbinden, Magali; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Gaill, Francoise (Inter-Research, 2005-11-04)
      Animal communities on the walls of deep-sea hydrothermal chimneys are distributed in mosaics of patches that may evolve as local environmental conditions change and biological interactions develop. Alvinella pompejana ...
    • COMADRE : a global data base of animal demography 

      Salguero-Gomez, Roberto; Jones, Owen R.; Archer, C. Ruth; Bein, Christoph; de Buhr, Hendrik; Farack, Claudia; Gottschalk, France; Hartmann, Alexander; Henning, Anne; Hoppe, Gabriel; Romer, Gesa; Ruoff, Tara; Sommer, Veronika; Wille, Julia; Voigt, Jakob; Zeh, Stefan; Vieregg, Dirk; Buckley, Yvonne M.; Che-Castaldo, Judy; Hodgson, David; Scheuerlein, Alexander; Caswell, Hal; Vaupe, James W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-27)
      The open-data scientific philosophy is being widely adopted and proving to promote considerable progress in ecology and evolution. Open-data global data bases now exist on animal migration, species distribution, conservation ...
    • Community change within a Caribbean coral reef Marine Protected Area following two decades of local management 

      Noble, Mae M.; van Laake, Gregoor; Berumen, Michael L.; Fulton, Christopher J. (Public Library of Science, 2013-01-14)
      Structural change in both the habitat and reef-associated fish assemblages within spatially managed coral reefs can provide key insights into the benefits and limitations of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). While MPA zoning ...
    • Community structure of marine sedimentary protists in relation to flow and grain size 

      Shimeta, Jeff; Gast, Rebecca J.; Rose, Julie M. (Inter-Research, 2007-06-20)
      Populations of unicellular, marine sedimentary protists are constrained by a variety of physical environmental factors, but influences of flow regime have rarely been studied. We compared community structure among 3 subtidal ...
    • The COMPADRE Plant Matrix Database : an open online repository for plant demography 

      Salguero-Gomez, Roberto; Jones, Owen R.; Archer, C. Ruth; Buckley, Yvonne M.; Che-Castaldo, Judy; Caswell, Hal; Hodgson, David; Scheuerlein, Alexander; Conde, Dalia A.; Brinks, Erik; de Buhr, Hendrik; Farack, Claudia; Gottschalk, France; Hartmann, Alexander; Henning, Anne; Hoppe, Gabriel; Romer, Gesa; Runge, Jens; Ruoff, Tara; Wille, Julia; Zeh, Stefan; Davison, Raziel; Vieregg, Dirk; Baudisch, Annette; Altwegg, Res; Colchero, Fernando; Dong, Ming; de Kroon, Hans; Lebreton, Jean-Dominique; Metcalf, Charlotte J. E.; Neel, Maile M.; Parker, Ingrid M.; Takada, Takenori; Valverde, Teresa; Velez-Espino, Luis A.; Wardle, Glenda M.; Franco, Miguel; Vaupel, James W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-11-09)
      Schedules of survival, growth and reproduction are key life-history traits. Data on how these traits vary among species and populations are fundamental to our understanding of the ecological conditions that have shaped ...
    • The comparative "systems" approach to HAB research 

      Anderson, Donald M.; Pitcher, Grant C.; Estrada, Marta (Oceanography Society, 2005-06)
      Experimental and comparative methods have been referred to as “the two great methods of science” (Mayr, 1982). To reach valid scientific conclusions, the processes of interest should be studied through repeated investigations, ...
    • Comparative analyses of aryl hydrocarbon receptor structure and function in marine mammals 

      Lapseritis, Joy M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-02)
      Marine mammals possess high body burdens of persistent organic pollutants, including PCBs and dioxin-like compounds (DLC). Chronic environmental or dietary exposure to these chemicals can disrupt the function of reproductive ...
    • A comparative analysis of marine mammal tracheas 

      Moore, Colby D.; Moore, Michael J.; Trumble, Stephen J.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Lentell, Betty J.; McLellan, William A.; Costidis, Alexander M.; Fahlman, Andreas (2013-11)
      In 1940, Scholander suggested that stiffened upper airways remained open and received air from highly compressible alveoli during marine mammal diving. There are little data available on the structural and functional ...
    • Comparing call-based versus subunit-based methods for categorizing Norwegian killer whale, Orcinus orca, vocalizations 

      Shapiro, Ari D.; Tyack, Peter L.; Seneff, Stephanie (2010-08-13)
      Students of animal communication face significant challenges when deciding how to categorise calls into subunits, calls, and call series. Here, we use algorithms designed to parse human speech to test different approaches ...
    • Comparison of bacterial communities in sands and water at beaches with bacterial water quality violations 

      Halliday, Elizabeth; McLellan, Sandra L.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Gast, Rebecca J. (Public Library of Science, 2014-03-05)
      Recreational water quality, as measured by culturable fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), may be influenced by persistent populations of these bacteria in local sands or wrack, in addition to varied fecal inputs from human ...
    • A comparison of eutrophication impacts in two harbours in Hong Kong with different hydrodynamics 

      Xu, J.; Yin, K.; Liu, H.; Lee, Joseph H. W.; Anderson, Donald M.; Ho, Alvin Y. T.; Harrison, Paul J. (2009-09-03)
      Eutrophication impacts may vary spatially and temporally due to different physical processes. Using a 22-year time series data set (1986-2007), a comparison of eutrophication impacts between two eutrophic harbors, Victoria ...
    • A comparison of filtration rates among pelagic tunicates using kinematic measurements 

      Sutherland, Kelly R.; Madin, Laurence P. (2009-11)
      Salps have higher filtration rates than most other holoplankton, and are capable of packaging and exporting primary production from surface waters. A method of kinematic analysis was employed to accurately measure salp ...
    • A comparison of postrelease survival parameters between single and mass stranded delphinids from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 

      Sharp, Sarah M.; Harry, Charles T.; Hoppe, Jane M.; Moore, Kathleen M. T.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Robinson, Ian; Rose, Kathryn S.; Sharp, W. Brian; Landry, Scott; Richardson, Jessica; Moore, Michael J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-07-29)
      The viability of healthy single stranded dolphins as immediate release candidates has received little attention. Responders have been reluctant to release lone delphinids due to their social needs, even when they pass the ...
    • Comparison of techniques used to count single-celled viable phytoplankton 

      Steinberg, Mia K.; First, Matthew R.; Lemieux, Edward J.; Drake, Lisa A.; Nelson, Bruce N.; Kulis, David M.; Anderson, Donald M.; Welschmeyer, Nicholas A.; Herring, Penny R. (2010-10-14)
      Four methods commonly used to count phytoplankton were evaluated based upon the precision of concentration estimates: Sedgewick Rafter and membrane filter direct counts, flow cytometry, and flow-based imaging cytometry ...