WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • An assessment of sampling biases across studies of diel activity patterns in marine ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) 

    Dornburg, Alex; Forrestel, Elisabeth J.; Moore, Jon A.; Iglesias, Teresa L.; Jones, Andrew; Rao, Leela; Warren, Dan L. (University of Miami - Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 2016-11-28)
    Understanding the promotion and regulation of circadian rhythms in marine fishes is important for studies spanning conservation, evolutionary biology, and physiology. Given numerous challenges inherent to quantifying ...
  • Respiratory function and mechanics in pinnipeds and cetaceans 

    Fahlman, Andreas; Moore, Michael J.; Garcia-Parraga, Daniel (Company of Biologists, 2017-05-17)
    In this Review, we focus on the functional properties of the respiratory system of pinnipeds and cetaceans, and briefly summarize the underlying anatomy; in doing so, we provide an overview of what is currently known about ...
  • Behavioural, ecological and evolutionary responses to extreme climatic events: challenges and directions 

    van de Pol, Martijn; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.; Visser, Marcel E. (2017-02)
    More extreme climatic events (ECEs) are amongst the most prominent consequences of climate change. Despite a long‐standing recognition of the importance of ECEs by paleo‐ecologists and macro‐evolutionary biologists, ECEs ...
  • Successful suction-cup tagging of a small delphinid species, Stenella attenuata : insights into whistle characteristics 

    Silva, Tammy L.; Mooney, T. Aran; Sayigh, Laela S.; Baird, Robin W.; Tyack, Peter L. (2016-09)
    The Delphinidae is the most diverse family of cetaceans, with 38 species recognized. Small pelagic delphinids are also the most abundant cetaceans world-wide, yet their communication and behavior remain poorly understood. ...
  • Rebuttal to published article “A review of ghost gear entanglement amongst marine mammals, reptiles and elasmobranchs” by M. Stelfox, J. Hudgins, and M. Sweet 

    Asmutis-Silvia, Regina; Barco, Susan G.; Cole, Tim; Henry, Allison G.; Johnson, Amanda; Knowlton, Amy R.; Landry, Scott; Mattila, David K.; Moore, Michael J.; Robbins, Jooke; van der Hoop, Julie (2016-11)
    We reviewed the findings of the recently published article by Stelfox et al. (2016): “A review of ghost gear entanglement amongst marine mammals, reptiles and elasmobranchs” published in this journal (Volume 111, pp 6–17) ...
  • Paleochannel and beach-bar palimpsest topography as initial substrate for coralligenous buildups offshore Venice, Italy 

    Tosi, Luigi; Zecchin, Massimo; Franchi, Fulvio; Bergamasco, Andrea; Da Lio, Cristina; Baradello, Luca; Mazzoli, Claudio; Montagna, Paolo; Taviani, Marco; Tagliapietra, Davide; Carol, Eleonora; Franceschini, Gianluca; Giovanardi, Otello; Donnici, Sandra (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-05-02)
    We provide a model for the genesis of Holocene coralligenous buildups occurring in the northwestern Adriatic Sea offshore Venice at 17–24 m depth. High-resolution geophysical surveys and underwater SCUBA diving reconnaissance ...
  • Analysis of lethal and sublethal impacts of environmental disasters on sperm whales using stochastic modeling 

    Ackleh, Azmy; Chiquet, Ross A.; Ma, Baoling; Tang, Tingting; Caswell, Hal; Veprauskas, Amy; Sidorovskaia, Natalia (Springer, 2017-05-12)
    Mathematical models are essential for combining data from multiple sources to quantify population endpoints. This is especially true for species, such as marine mammals, for which data on vital rates are difficult to obtain. ...
  • Extrapolating cetacean densities to quantitatively assess human impacts on populations in the high seas 

    Mannocci, Laura; Roberts, Jason J.; Miller, David L.; Halpin, Patrick N. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-04-28)
    As human activities expand beyond national jurisdictions to the high seas, there is an increasing need to consider anthropogenic impacts to species inhabiting these waters. The current scarcity of scientific observations ...
  • Fathers matter : male body mass affects life-history traits in a size-dimorphic seabird 

    Cornioley, Tina; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Borger, Luca; Weimerskirch, Henri; Ozgul, Arpat (The Royal Society, 2017-05-03)
    One of the predicted consequences of climate change is a shift in body mass distributions within animal populations. Yet body mass, an important component of the physiological state of an organism, can affect key life-history ...
  • Density dependence in demography and dispersal generates fluctuating invasion speeds 

    Sullivan, Lauren L.; Li, Bingtuan; Miller, Tom E. X.; Neubert, Michael G.; Shaw, Allison K. (2017-04)
    Mitigating the spread of invasive species remains difficult—substantial variability in invasion speed is increasingly well-documented, but the sources of this variability are poorly understood. We report a mechanism for ...
  • Fish otoliths in superficial sediments of the Mediterranean Sea 

    Lin, Chien-Hsiang; Taviani, Marco; Angeletti, Lorenzo; Girone, Angela; Nolf, Dirk (2016-12)
    Otoliths represent a significant biogenic carbonate component in marine sediments that may provide valuable information for paleoenvironmental and biogeographic reconstructions. In spite of their importance, relatively ...
  • Effects of commercial fishing on adult Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in a Quebec river 

    Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Naiman, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-01)
    Despite an absence of freshwater exploitation, the adult salmon run in the Matamek River, Quebec, declined during 1975-1980 to <23% of the level thought to occur there prior to 1967. Returns in 1979 and 1980 of adults tagged ...
  • Toward cyberinfrastructure to facilitate collaboration and reproducibility for marine integrated ecosystem assessments 

    Beaulieu, Stace E.; Fox, Peter A.; Di Stefano, Massimo; Maffei, Andrew R.; West, Patrick; Hare, Jonathan A.; Fogarty, Michael J. (2016-10-20)
    There is a growing need for cyberinfrastructure to support science-based decision making in management of natural resources. In particular, our motivation was to aid the development of cyberinfrastructure for Integrated ...
  • The Matamek Research Program : annual report for 1981 

    Naiman, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-06)
    This report summarizes activities associated with the Matamek Research Station in 1981. Research was conducted on the biological, chemical, and physical environment of streams and rivers, principally in the Maisie ...
  • The Matamek Research Program : annual report for 1980 

    Naiman, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-06)
    This report briefly describes activities associated with the Matamek Research Program in 1980. Research was conducted on biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of streams and rivers, principally in the Maisie ...
  • True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus) in Macaronesia 

    Aguilar de Soto, Natacha; Martín, Vidal; Silva, Monica; Edler, Roland; Reyes, Cristel; Carrillo, Manuel; Schiavi, Agustina; Morales, Talia; García-Ovide, Belen; Sanchez-Mora, Anna; Garcia-Tavero, Nerea; Steiner, Lisa; Scheer, Michael; Gockel, Roland; Walker, Dylan; Villa, Enrico; Szlama, Petra; Eriksson, Ida K.; Tejedor, Marisa; Perez-Gil, Monica; Quaresma, João; Bachara, Wojtek; Carroll, Emma (PeerJ, 2017-03-07)
    The True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus, True 1913) is a poorly known member of the Ziphiidae family. Its distribution in the northern hemisphere is thought to be restricted to the temperate or warm temperate waters of ...
  • Sea surface pCO2 and O2 dynamics in the partially ice-covered Arctic Ocean 

    Islam, Fakhrul; DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Beatty, Cory; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Krishfield, Richard A.; Toole, John M.; Laney, Samuel R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-25)
    Understanding the physical and biogeochemical processes that control CO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) dynamics in the Arctic Ocean (AO) is crucial for predicting future air-sea CO2 fluxes and ocean acidification. Past studies ...
  • Mesodinium rubrum exhibits genus-level but not species-level cryptophyte prey selection 

    Peltomaa, Elina; Johnson, Matthew D. (Inter-Research, 2017-02-09)
    The marine ciliate Mesodinium rubrum is known to form large non-toxic red water blooms in estuarine and coastal upwelling regions worldwide. This ciliate relies predominantly upon photosynthesis by using plastids and other ...
  • Sequence and functional characterization of hypoxia inducible factors, HIF1α, HIF2αa, and HIF3α, from the estuarine fish, Fundulus heteroclitus 

    Townley, Ian K.; Karchner, Sibel I.; Skripnikova, Elena; Wiese, Thomas E.; Hahn, Mark E.; Rees, Bernard B. (2016-11)
    The hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) family of transcription factors plays central roles in the development, physiology, pathology, and environmental adaptation of animals. Because many aquatic habitats are characterized ...
  • Ciliate micrograzer dynamics of the New England Shelf 

    Brownlee, Emily F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-06)
    Protists play important roles in grazing and nutrient recycling, but quantifying these roles has been hindered by difficulties in collecting, culturing, and observing these often-delicate cells. During long-term deployments ...

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