WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • An operational overview of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) Northeast Pacific field deployment 

    Siegel, David A.; Cetinić, Ivona; Graff, Jason R.; Lee, Craig M.; Nelson, Norman B.; Perry, Mary J.; Soto Ramos, Inia; Steinberg, Deborah K.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Hamme, Roberta C.; Fassbender, Andrea; Nicholson, David P.; Omand, Melissa M.; Robert, Marie; Thompson, Andrew F.; Amaral, Vinicius; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Bisson, Kelsey; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Boyd, Philip; Brzezinski, Mark A.; Buck, Kristen N.; Burd, Adrian B.; Burns, Shannon; Caprara, Salvatore; Carlson, Craig A.; Cassar, Nicolas; Close, Hilary G.; D'Asaro, Eric A.; Durkin, Colleen A.; Erickson, Zachary K.; Estapa, Margaret L.; Fields, Erik; Fox, James; Freeman, Scott; Gifford, Scott M.; Gong, Weida; Gray, Deric; Guidi, Lionel; Haëntjens, Nils; Halsey, Kim; Huot, Yannick; Hansell, Dennis A.; Jenkins, Bethany D.; Karp-Boss, Lee; Kramer, Sasha J.; Lam, Phoebe J.; Lee, Jong-Mi; Maas, Amy E.; Marchal, Olivier; Marchetti, Adrian; McDonnell, Andrew M. P.; McNair, Heather; Menden-Deuer, Susanne; Morison, Francoise; Niebergall, Alexandria K.; Passow, Uta; Popp, Brian N.; Potvin, Geneviève; Resplandy, Laure; Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Roesler, Collin S.; Rynearson, Tatiana A.; Traylor, Shawnee; Santoro, Alyson E.; Seraphin, Kanesa; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stamieszkin, Karen; Stephens, Brandon M.; Tang, Weiyi; Van Mooy, Benjamin; Xiong, Yuanheng; Zhang, Xiaodong (University of California Press, 2021-07-07)
    The goal of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) field campaign is to develop a predictive understanding of the export, fate, and carbon cycle impacts of global ocean net primary production. To ...
  • Dolphin whistles can be useful tools in identifying units of conservation 

    Papale, Elena B.; Azzolin, Marta A.; Cascão, Irma; Gannier, Alexandre; Lammers, Marc O.; Martin, Vidal M.; Oswald, Julie N.; Perez-Gil, Monica; Prieto, Rui; Silva, Mónica A.; Torri, Marco; Giacoma, Cristina (BMC, 2021-07-29)
    Prioritizing groupings of organisms or ‘units’ below the species level is a critical issue for conservation purposes. Several techniques encompassing different time-frames, from genetics to ecological markers, have been ...
  • The call of the emperor penguin: legal responses to species threatened by climate change 

    Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Che-Castaldo, Judy; Wolf, Shaye; Holland, Marika M.; Labrousse, Sara; LaRue, Michelle; Wienecke, Barbara; Fretwell, Peter T.; Barbraud, Christophe; Greenwald, Noah; Stroeve, Julienne; Trathan, Phil N. (Wiley, 2021-08-03)
    Species extinction risk is accelerating due to anthropogenic climate change, making it urgent to protect vulnerable species through legal frameworks in order to facilitate conservation actions that help mitigate risk. Here, ...
  • Rapid ecosystem-scale consequences of acute deoxygenation on a Caribbean coral reef 

    Johnson, Maggie D.; Scott, Jarrod J.; Leray, Matthieu; Lucey, Noelle; Rodriguez Bravo, Lucia M.; Wied, William L.; Altieri, Andrew H. (Nature Research, 2021-07-26)
    Loss of oxygen in the global ocean is accelerating due to climate change and eutrophication, but how acute deoxygenation events affect tropical marine ecosystems remains poorly understood. Here we integrate analyses of ...
  • Megabenthic standing stocks and organic carbon demand in a warming Arctic 

    Mazurkiewicz, Mikołaj; Meyer-Kaiser, Kirstin S.; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Renaud, Paul E.; Włodarska–Kowalczuk, Maria (Elsevier, 2021-06-02)
    Benthic megafauna (organisms large enough to be visible on seabed photographs) are regarded as important for carbon cycling in benthic habitats. They are a food source for many predators like fish and marine mammals and ...
  • Larvae of deep-sea invertebrates harbor low-diversity bacterial communities 

    Carrier, Tyler; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Mills, Susan W.; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Reitzel, Adam M. (University of Chicago Press, 2021-07-28)
    Microbial symbionts are a common life-history character of marine invertebrates and their developmental stages. Communities of bacteria that associate with the eggs, embryos, and larvae of coastal marine invertebrates tend ...
  • Transcriptome responses in polar cod (Boreogadus saida) liver slice culture exposed to benzo[a]pyrene and ethynylestradiol: insights into anti-estrogenic effects 

    Yadetie, Fekadu; Brun, Nadja R.; Vieweg, Ireen; Nahrgang, Jasmine; Karlsen, Odd André; Goksøyr, Anders (Elsevier, 2021-05-17)
    Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) is a key species in the arctic marine ecosystem vulnerable to effects of pollution, particularly from petroleum related activities. To facilitate studying the effects of those pollutants, we ...
  • Chromatin dynamics and gene expression response to heat exposure in field-conditioned versus laboratory-cultured Nematostella vectensis 

    Weizman, Eviatar N.; Rinsky, Mieka; Simon-Blecher, Noa; Lampert-Karako, Sarit; Yaron, Orly; Tarrant, Ann M.; Levy, Oren (MDPI, 2021-07-12)
    Organisms’ survival is associated with the ability to respond to natural or anthropogenic environmental stressors. Frequently, these responses involve changes in gene regulation and expression, consequently altering ...
  • Lingering Chukchi Sea sea ice and Chukchi Sea mean winds influence population age structure of euphausiids (krill) found in the bowhead whale feeding hotspot near Pt. Barrow, Alaska 

    Ashjian, Carin J.; Okkonen, Stephen R.; Campbell, Robert G.; Alatalo, Philip (Public Library of Science, 2021-07-12)
    Interannual variability in euphausiid (krill) abundance and population structure and associations of those measures with environmental drivers were investigated in an 11-year study conducted in late August–early September ...
  • Functional traits provide new insight into recovery and succession at deep-sea hydrothermal vents 

    Dykman, Lauren; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Mills, Susan W.; Solow, Andrew R.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (Ecological Society of America, 2021-05-28)
    Investigation of communities in extreme environments with unique conditions has the potential to broaden or challenge existing theory as to how biological communities assemble and change through succession. Deep-sea ...
  • A decade of incorporating social sciences in the Integrated Marine Biosphere Research Project (IMBeR): much done, much to do? 

    van Putten, Ingrid; Kelly, Rachel; Cavanagh, Rachel D.; Murphy, Eugene J.; Breckwoldt, Annette; Brodie, Stephanie; Cvitanovic, Christopher; Dickey-Collas, Mark; Maddison, Lisa; Melbourne-Thomas, Jessica; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Beckley, Lynnath E.; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Constable, Andrew; Cowie, Greg; Evans, Karen; Glaser, Marion; Hall, Julie A.; Hobday, Alistair J.; Johnston, Nadine M.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Mueter, Franz; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Weng, Kevin; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter A.; Xavier, José C. (Frontiers Media, 2021-06-21)
    Successful management and mitigation of marine challenges depends on cooperation and knowledge sharing which often occurs across culturally diverse geographic regions. Global ocean science collaboration is therefore essential ...
  • Asynchrony of Gambierdiscus spp. abundance and toxicity in the U.S. Virgin Islands: implications for monitoring and management of Ciguatera 

    Liefer, Justin D.; Richlen, Mindy L.; Smith, Tyler B.; DeBose, Jennifer L.; Xu, Yixiao; Anderson, Donald M.; Robertson, Alison (MDPI, 2021-06-10)
    Ciguatera poisoning (CP) poses a significant threat to ecosystem services and fishery resources in coastal communities. The CP-causative ciguatoxins (CTXs) are produced by benthic dinoflagellates including Gambierdiscus ...
  • Satellite detection of dinoflagellate blooms off California by UV reflectance ratios 

    Kahru, Mati; Anderson, Clarissa; Barton, Andrew D.; Carter, Melissa L.; Catlett, Dylan; Send, Uwe; Sosik, Heidi M.; Weiss, Elliot L.; Mitchell, B. Gregory (University of California Press, 2021-06-09)
    As harmful algae blooms are increasing in frequency and magnitude, one goal of a new generation of higher spectral resolution satellite missions is to improve the potential of satellite optical data to monitor these events. ...
  • The cytochrome P450 (CYP) superfamily in cnidarians 

    Pankov, Kirill V.; McArthur, Andrew G.; Gold, David A.; Nelson, David R.; Goldstone, Jared V.; Wilson, Joanne (Nature Research, 2021-05-10)
    The cytochrome P450 (CYP) superfamily is a diverse and important enzyme family, playing a central role in chemical defense and in synthesis and metabolism of major biological signaling molecules. The CYPomes of four cnidarian ...
  • The chemical defensome of five model teleost fish 

    Eide, Marta; Zhang, Xiaokang; Karlsen, Odd André; Goldstone, Jared V.; Stegeman, John J.; Jonassen, Inge; Goksøyr, Anders (Nature Research, 2021-05-18)
    How an organism copes with chemicals is largely determined by the genes and proteins that collectively function to defend against, detoxify and eliminate chemical stressors. This integrative network includes receptors and ...
  • Marine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction: promoting marine scientific research and enabling equitable benefit sharing 

    Rogers, Alex D.; Baco, Amy R.; Escobar Briones, Elva; Currie, Duncan; Gjerde, Kristina M.; Gobin, Judith; Jaspars, Marcel; Levin, Lisa A.; Linse, Katrin; Rabone, Muriel; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Sellanes, Javier; Shank, Timothy M.; Sink, Kerry; Snelgrove, Paul V. R.; Taylor, Michelle L.; Wagner, Daniel; Harden-Davies, Harriet (Frontiers Media, 2021-03-31)
    Growing human activity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is driving increasing impacts on the biodiversity of this vast area of the ocean. As a result, the United Nations General Assembly committed to convening ...
  • Anthropogenic sound exposure-induced stress in captive dolphins and implications for cetacean health 

    Yang, Wei-Cheng; Chen, Chi-Fang; Chuah, Yee-Chien; Zhuang, Chun-Ru; Chen, I-Hua; Mooney, T. Aran; Stott, Jeffrey; Blanchard, Myra; Jen, I-Fan; Chou, Lien-Siang (Frontiers Media, 2021-03-05)
    Many cetaceans are exposed to increasing pressure caused by anthropogenic activities in their marine environment. Anthropogenic sound has been recognized as a possible stressor for cetaceans that may have impacts on health. ...
  • The interplay between hunting rate, hunting selectivity, and reproductive strategies shapes population dynamics of a large carnivore 

    Van de Walle, Joanie; Pelletier, Fanie; Zedrosser, Andreas; Swenson, Jon E.; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Bischof, Richard (Wiley Open Access, 2021-05-05)
    Harvest, through its intensity and regulation, often results in selection on female reproductive traits. Changes in female traits can have demographic consequences, as they are fundamental in shaping population dynamics. ...
  • Changes in serum adipokines during natural extended fasts in female northern elephant seals 

    Rzucidlo, Caroline L.; Sperou, Emily S.; Holser, Rachel R.; Khudyakov, Jane I.; Costa, Daniel P.; Crocker, Daniel E. (Elsevier, 2021-03-27)
    Adipose tissue is essential to endotherms for thermoregulation and energy storage as well as functioning as an endocrine organ. Adipose derived hormones, or adipokines, regulate metabolism, energy expenditure, reproduction, ...
  • Developmental exposure to domoic acid disrupts startle response behavior and circuitry in zebrafish 

    Panlilio, Jennifer M.; Jones, Ian T.; Salanga, Matthew C.; Aluru, Neelakanteswar; Hahn, Mark E. (Oxford University Press, 2021-06-07)
    Harmful algal blooms produce potent neurotoxins that accumulate in seafood and are hazardous to human health. Developmental exposure to the harmful algal bloom toxin, domoic acid (DomA), has behavioral consequences well ...

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