WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • High collocation of sand lance and protected top predators: implications for conservation and management 

    Silva, Tammy L.; Wiley, David N.; Thompson, Michael A.; Hong, Peter; Kaufman, Les; Suca, Justin J.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Baumann, Hannes; Fay, Gavin (Wiley Open Access, 2020-10-06)
    Spatial relationships between predators and prey provide critical information for understanding and predicting climate‐induced shifts in ecosystem dynamics and mitigating human impacts. We used Stellwagen Bank National ...
  • Fine-scale observations of physical and biological environment along a herring feeding migration route 

    Melle, Webjørn; Klevjer, Thor A.; Strand, Espen; Wiebe, Peter; Slotte, Aril; Huse, Geir (Elsevier, 2020-08-19)
    We observed herring horizontal and vertical distribution during feeding migration along a 128 km transect across the Arctic front of the Norwegian and Iceland seas, in early June, in relation to its physical, chemical and ...
  • Micronekton biomass distribution, improved estimates across four north Atlantic basins 

    Klevjer, Thor A.; Melle, Webjørn; Knutsen, Tor; Strand, Espen; Korneliussen, Rolf J.; Dupont, Nicolas; Vea Salvanes, Anne Gro; Wiebe, Peter (Elsevier, 2019-11-27)
    Distribution of micronekton was investigated during early summer of 2013, using data from a cruise covering the central parts of four north Atlantic basins, the Norwegian Sea (NS), Iceland Sea (ICS), Irminger Sea (IRS), ...
  • Political economy of renewable resource federalism 

    Sanchirico, James N.; Blackwood, Julie C.; Fitzpatrick, Ben; Kling, David M.; Lenhart, Suzanne; Neubert, Michael G.; Shea, Katriona; Sims, Charles B.; Springborn, Michael R. (Ecological Society of America, 2020-12-15)
    The authority to manage natural capital often follows political boundaries rather than ecological. This mismatch can lead to unsustainable outcomes, as spillovers from one management area to the next may create adverse ...
  • Chaotic genetic structure and past demographic expansion of the invasive gastropod Tritia neritea in its native range, the Mediterranean Sea 

    Boissin, Emilie; Neglia, Valentina; Baksay, Sandra; Micu, Dragos; Bat, Levent; Topaloglu, Bulent; Todorova, Valentina; Panayotova, Marina; Kruschel, Claudia; Milchakova, Nataliya; Voutsinas, Emanuela; Beqiraj, Sajmir; Nasto, Ina; Aglieri, Giorgio; Taviani, Marco; Zane, Lorenzo; Planes, Serge (Nature Research, 2020-12-10)
    To better predict population evolution of invasive species in introduced areas it is critical to identify and understand the mechanisms driving genetic diversity and structure in their native range. Here, we combined ...
  • Audiogram of a Cook Inlet beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Castellote, Manuel; Jones, Ian T.; Rouse, Natalie; Rowles, Teresa K.; Mahoney, Barbara; Goertz, Caroline (Acoustical Society of America, 2020-11-25)
    Noise is a stressor to wildlife, yet the precise sound sensitivity of individuals and populations is often unknown or unmeasured. Cook Inlet, Alaska belugas (CIBs) are a critically endangered and declining marine mammal ...
  • Structure and functioning of four North Atlantic ecosystems - a comparative study 

    Melle, Webjørn; Klevjer, Thor A.; Drinkwater, Ken F.; Strand, Espen; Naustvoll, Lars Johan; Wiebe, Peter; Aksnes, Dag L.; Knutsen, Tor; Sundby, Svein; Slotte, Aril; Dupont, Nicolas; Vea Salvanes, Anne Gro; Korneliussen, Rolf J.; Huse, Geir (Elsevier, 2020-09-11)
    The epi- and mesopelagic ecosystems of four sub-polar ocean basins, the Labrador, Irminger, Iceland and Norwegian seas, were surveyed during two legs from Bergen, Norway, to Nuuk, Greenland, and back to Bergen. The survey ...
  • Phylogeny and synonymy of Gyrodinium heterostriatum comb. nov. (Dinophyceae), a common unarmored dinoflagellate in the world oceans 

    Gómez, Fernando; Artigas, Luis Felipe; Gast, Rebecca J. (Jagiellonian University Press, 2020-07-08)
    The North Sea and the English Channel are regions with a long tradition of plankton studies, where the colony-forming haptophyte Phaeocystis globosa dominates the spring phytoplankton blooms. Among its predators, we ...
  • Molecular phylogeny and synonymy of Balechina gracilis comb. nov. (=Gymnodinium gracile), a widespread polymorphic unarmored dinoflagellate (Dinophyceae) 

    Gómez, Fernando; Artigas, Luis Felipe; Gast, Rebecca J. (Wiley, 2021-01-25)
    Gymnodinium gracile, described from the coasts of Denmark in 1881, is one of the first described unarmored dinoflagellates. Individuals which morphologically fit with the original description were isolated from the English ...
  • Assessing North Atlantic Right whale health: a review of threats, and development of tools critical for conservation of the species 

    Moore, Michael J.; Rowles, Teresa K.; Fauquier, Deborah A.; Baker, Jason T.; Biedron, Ingrid S.; Durban, John W.; Hamilton, Philip K.; Henry, Allison G.; Knowlton, Amy R.; McLellan, William A.; Miller, Carolyn A.; Pace, Richard M., III; Pettis, Heather M.; Raverty, Stephen A.; Rolland, Rosalind M.; Schick, Robert S.; Sharp, Sarah M.; Smith, Cynthia R.; Thomas, Len; van der Hoop, Julie M.; Ziccard, Michael H. (Inter Research, 2021)
    Whaling decimated North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis - NARW) since the 11th century and southern right whales (E. australis - SRW) since the 19th century. Today, NARWs are critically endangered and decreasing, ...
  • Marine ecosystem assessment for the Southern Ocean: birds and marine mammals in a changing climate 

    Bestley, Sophie; Ropert-Coudert, Yan; Bengtson Nash, Susan; Brooks, Cassandra M.; Cotté, Cédric; Dewar, Meagan; Friedlaender, Ari S.; Jackson, Jennifer A.; Labrousse, Sara; Lowther, Andrew D.; McMahon, Clive R.; Phillips, Richard A.; Pistorius, Pierre; Puskic, Peter S.; de Almeida Reis, Ana Olívia; Reisinger, Ryan; Santos, Mercedes; Tarszisz, Esther; Tixier, Paul; Trathan, Phil N.; Wege, Mia; Wienecke, Barbara (Frontiers Media, 2020-11-04)
    The massive number of seabirds (penguins and procellariiformes) and marine mammals (cetaceans and pinnipeds) – referred to here as top predators – is one of the most iconic components of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. ...
  • The role of sediment-induced light attenuation on primary production during Hurricane Gustav (2008) 

    Zang, Zhengchen; Xue, Z. George; Xu, Kehui; Bentley, Samuel J.; Chen, Qin; D'Sa, Eurico J.; Zhang, Le; Ou, Yanda (European Geosciences Union, 2020-10-20)
    We introduced a sediment-induced light attenuation algorithm into a biogeochemical model of the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport (COAWST) modeling system. A fully coupled ocean–atmospheric–sediment–biogeochemical ...
  • Bowhead whales use two foraging strategies in response to fine-scale differences in zooplankton vertical distribution 

    Fortune, Sarah M. E.; Ferguson, Steven H.; Trites, Andrew W.; Hudson, Justine M.; Baumgartner, Mark F. (Nature Research, 2020-11-20)
    As zooplanktivorous predators, bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) must routinely locate patches of prey that are energy-rich enough to meet their metabolic needs. However, little is known about how the quality and quantity ...
  • Concerning P450 evolution: structural analyses support bacterial origin of sterol 14α-demethylases 

    Lamb, David C.; Hargrove, Tatiana Y.; Zhao, Bin; Wawrzak, Zdzislaw; Goldstone, Jared V.; Nes, William David; Kelly, Steven L.; Waterman, Michael R.; Stegeman, John J.; Lepesheva, Galina I. (Oxford University Press, 2020-10-08)
    Sterol biosynthesis, primarily associated with eukaryotic kingdoms of life, occurs as an abbreviated pathway in the bacterium Methylococcus capsulatus. Sterol 14α-demethylation is an essential step in this pathway and is ...
  • PCB126 exposure revealed alterations in m6A RNA modifications in transcripts associated with AHR activation 

    Aluru, Neelakanteswar; Karchner, Sibel I. (Oxford University Press, 2020-10-16)
    Chemical modifications of proteins, DNA, and RNA moieties play critical roles in regulating gene expression. Emerging evidence suggests the RNA modifications (epitranscriptomics) have substantive roles in basic biological ...
  • Seasonal and geographical transitions in eukaryotic phytoplankton community structure in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans 

    Choi, Chang Jae; Jimenez, Valeria; Needham, David M.; Poirier, Camille; Bachy, Charles; Alexander, Harriet; Wilken, Susanne; Chavez, Francisco P.; Sudek, Sebastian; Giovannoni, Stephen J.; Worden, Alexandra Z. (Frontiers Media, 2020-09-30)
    Much is known about how broad eukaryotic phytoplankton groups vary according to nutrient availability in marine ecosystems. However, genus- and species-level dynamics are generally unknown, although important given that ...
  • The Role of Zooplankton in Regulating Carbon Export and Phytoplankton Community Structure: Integrating Models and Observations 

    Archibald, Kevin M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2021-02)
    In this thesis, I explore two topics in plankton ecology with a combination of models and observations. First, I investigate the contribution of zooplankton diel vertical migration (DVM) to the vertical flux of carbon as ...
  • A numerical investigation of wave-supported gravity flow during cold fronts over the Atchafalaya Shelf 

    Zang, Zhengchen; Xue, Z. George; Xu, Kehui; Ozdemir, Celalettin E.; Chen, Qin; Bentley, Samuel J.; Sahin, Cihan (American Geophysical Union, 2020-08-19)
    Wave‐supported fluid mud (WSFM) plays an important role in sediment downslope transport on the continental shelves. In this study, we incorporated WSFM processes in the wave boundary layer (WBL) into the Community Sediment ...
  • Role of C4 carbon fixation in Ulva prolifera, the macroalga responsible for the world's largest green tides 

    Liu, Dongyan; Ma, Qian; Valiela, Ivan; Anderson, Donald M.; Keesing, John K.; Gao, Kunshan; Zhen, Yu; Sun, Xiyan; Wang, Yujue (Nature Research, 2020-09-07)
    Most marine algae preferentially assimilate CO2 via the Calvin-Benson Cycle (C3) and catalyze HCO3− dehydration via carbonic anhydrase (CA) as a CO2-compensatory mechanism, but certain species utilize the Hatch-Slack Cycle ...
  • Ancestral absence of electron transport chains in Patescibacteria and DPANN 

    Beam, Jacob P.; Becraft, Eric D.; Brown, Julia M.; Schulz, Frederik; Jarett, Jessica K.; Bezuidt, Oliver; Poulton, Nicole J.; Clark, Kayla; Dunfield, Peter F.; Ravin, Nikolai V.; Spear, John R.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Kormas, Konstantinos Ar.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Elshahed, Mostafa S.; Barton, Hazel A.; Stott, Matthew B.; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Moser, Duane P.; Onstott, Tullis C.; Woyke, Tanja; Stepanauskas, Ramunas (Frontiers Media, 2020-08-17)
    Recent discoveries suggest that the candidate superphyla Patescibacteria and DPANN constitute a large fraction of the phylogenetic diversity of Bacteria and Archaea. Their small genomes and limited coding potential have ...

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