WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Characterization of deep-sea benthic invertebrate megafauna of the Galapagos Islands 

    Salinas-de-León, Pelayo; Martí-Puig, Patricia; Buglass, Salome; Arnés-Urgellés, Camila; Rastoin-Laplane, Etienne; Creemers, Marie; Cairns, Stephen; Fisher, Charles R.; O’Hara, Timothy; Ott, Bruce; Raineault, Nicole A.; Reiswig, Henry; Rouse, Greg W.; Rowley, Sonia; Shank, Timothy M.; Suarez, Jenifer; Watling, Les; Wicksten, Mary K.; Marsh, Leigh (Nature Research, 2020-08-17)
    The deep sea represents the largest and least explored biome on the planet. Despite the iconic status of the Galapagos Islands and being considered one of the most pristine locations on earth, the deep-sea benthic ecosystems ...
  • Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 produced by Dinophysis norvegica in the Gulf of Maine, USA and its accumulation in shellfish 

    Deeds, Jonathan R.; Stutts, Whitney L.; Celiz, Mary Dawn; MacLeod, Jill; Hamilton, Amy E.; Lewis, Bryant J.; Miller, David W.; Kanwit, Kohl; Smith, Juliette L.; Kulis, David M.; McCarron, Pearse; Rauschenberg, Carlton D.; Burnell, Craig A.; Archer, Stephen D.; Borchert, Jerry; Lankford, Shelley K. (Toxins, 2020-08-20)
    Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 (dihydro-DTX1, (M-H)−m/z 819.5), described previously from a marine sponge but never identified as to its biological source or described in shellfish, was detected in multiple species of commercial ...
  • Viral elements and their potential influence on microbial processes along the permanently stratified Cariaco Basin redoxcline 

    Mara, Paraskevi; Vik, Dean; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Suter, Elizabeth A.; Poulos, Bonnie; Taylor, Gordon T.; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Edgcomb, Virginia P. (Springer Nature, 2020-08-14)
    Little is known about viruses in oxygen-deficient water columns (ODWCs). In surface ocean waters, viruses are known to act as gene vectors among susceptible hosts. Some of these genes may have metabolic functions and are ...
  • A 1000-yr-old tsunami in the Indian Ocean points to greater risk for East Africa 

    Maselli, Vittorio; Oppo, Davide; Moore, Andrew L.; Gusman, Aditya Riadi; Mtelela, Cassy; Iacopini, David; Taviani, Marco; Mjema, Elinaza; Mulaya, Ernest; Che, Melody; Tomioka, Ai Lena; Mshiu, Elisante; Ortiz, Joseph D. (Geological Society of America, 2020-05-12)
    The December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman tsunami prompted an unprecedented research effort to find ancient precursors and quantify the recurrence time of such a deadly natural disaster. This effort, however, has focused primarily ...
  • Global-scale genetic structure of a cosmopolitan cold-water coral species 

    Addamo, Anna M.; Miller, Karen J.; Häussermann, Vreni; Taviani, Marco; Machordom, Annie (Wiley, 2020-07-31)
    1. When considering widely distributed marine organisms with low dispersal capabilities, there is often an implication that the distribution of cosmopolitan species is an artefact of taxonomy, constrained by the absence ...
  • Microbial succession during the transition from active to inactive stages of deep-sea hydrothermal vent sulfide chimneys 

    Hou, Jialin; Sievert, Stefan M.; Wang, Yinzhao; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Natarajan, Vengadesh Perumal; Wang, Fengping; Xiao, Xiang (BMC, 2020-06-30)
    Background Deep-sea hydrothermal vents are highly productive biodiversity hotspots in the deep ocean supported by chemosynthetic microorganisms. Prominent features of these systems are sulfide chimneys emanating ...
  • Acoustic and oceanographic observations collected during the Nomans Island experiment in Spring 2017 

    Johnson, Hansen D.; Newhall, Arthur E.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Baumgartner, Mark F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2020-07)
    The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has developed a digital acoustic monitoring (DMON) instrument and low-frequency detection and classification system (LFDCS) to detect and classify baleen whales in near ...
  • Distribution of Water Masses on the Northeast U.S. Shelf: presentation slides and links to electronic notebook and code 

    Butler, Ayanna (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2020-08-07)
    The water above the Northeast U.S Shelf is home to many different species, and environmental conditions can change the abundance and location of these species. Within our oceans are water masses, pockets of water with their ...
  • Current research, pressing issues, and lingering questions in marine invasion science: lessons from the Tenth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions (ICMB-X) 

    Fowler, Amy E.; Blakeslee, April M. H.; Bortolus, Alejandro; Dias, P. Joana; Tepolt, Carolyn K.; Schwindt, Evangelina (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2020-03-21)
    Research on marine bioinvasions is an inherently international collaboration. Species range boundaries have become more fluid in recent decades as a result of enhanced human globalization, leading to species translocations ...
  • Exploring movement patterns and changing distributions of baleen whales in the western North Atlantic using a decade of passive acoustic data 

    Davis, Genevieve E.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Corkeron, Peter; Bell, Joel; Berchok, Catherine L.; Bonnell, Julianne M.; Bort Thornton, Jacqueline; Brault, Solange; Buchanan, Gary; Cholewiak, Danielle; Clark, Christopher W.; Delarue, Julien; Hatch, Leila; Klinck, Holger; Kraus, Scott D.; Martin, Bruce; Mellinger, David K.; Moors-Murphy, Hilary; Nieukirk, Sharon; Nowacek, Douglas P.; Parks, Susan E.; Parry, Dawn; Pegg, Nicole; Read, Andrew J.; Rice, Aaron N.; Risch, Denise; Scott, Alyssa; Soldevilla, Melissa; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Stanistreet, Joy; Summers, Erin; Todd, Sean; Van Parijs, Sofie M. (Wiley, 2020-05-25)
    Six baleen whale species are found in the temperate western North Atlantic Ocean, with limited information existing on the distribution and movement patterns for most. There is mounting evidence of distributional shifts ...
  • Population comparison of right whale body condition reveals poor state of the North Atlantic right whale 

    Christiansen, Fredrik; Dawson, Stephen M.; Durban, John W.; Fearnbach, Holly; Miller, Carolyn A.; Bejder, Lars; Uhart, Marcela; Sironi, Mariano; Corkeron, Peter; Rayment, William; Leunissen, Eva; Haria, Eashani; Ward, Rhianne; Warick, Hunter A.; Kerr, Iain; Lynn, Morgan S.; Pettis, Heather M.; Moore, Michael J. (Inter Research, 2020-04-23)
    The North Atlantic right whale Eubalaena glacialis (NARW), currently numbering <410 individuals, is on a trajectory to extinction. Although direct mortality from ship strikes and fishing gear entanglements remain the major ...
  • Recent introductions reveal differential susceptibility to parasitism across an evolutionary mosaic 

    Tepolt, Carolyn K.; Darling, John A.; Blakeslee, April M. H.; Fowler, Amy E.; Torchin, Mark; Miller, A. Whitman; Ruiz, Gregory (Wiley Open Access, 2019-09-04)
    Parasitism can represent a potent agent of selection, and introduced parasites have the potential to substantially alter their new hosts' ecology and evolution. While significant impacts have been reported for parasites ...
  • A field study of auditory sensitivity of the Atlantic puffin, Fratercula Arctica 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Smith, Adam B.; Larsen, Ole Naesbye; Hansen, Kirstin Anderson; Rasmussen, Marianne H. (The Company of Biologists, 2020-06-19)
    Hearing is vital for birds as they rely on acoustic communication with parents, mates, chicks, and conspecifics. Amphibious seabirds face many ecological pressures, having to sense cues in air and underwater. Natural noise ...
  • The common murre (Uria aalge), an auk seabird, reacts to underwater sound 

    Anderson Hansen, Kirstin; Hernandez, Ariana; Mooney, T. Aran; Rasmussen, Marianne H.; Sørensen, Kenneth; Wahlberg, Magnus (Acoustical Society of America, 2020-06-22)
    Marine mammals have fine-tuned hearing abilities, which makes them vulnerable to human-induced sounds from shipping, sonars, pile drivers, and air guns. Many species of marine birds, such as penguins, auks, and cormorants, ...
  • Inflammasome expression is higher in ovarian tumors than in normal ovary 

    Luborsky, Judith; Barua, Animesh; Edassery, Seara; Bahr, Janice M.; Edassery, Seby L. (Public Library of Science, 2020-01-10)
    Chronic inflammation fundamentally influences cancer risk and development. A mechanism of chronic inflammation is the formation of inflammasome complexes which results in the sustained secretion of the pro-inflammatory ...
  • A demographic and evolutionary analysis of maternal effect senescence 

    Hernández, Christina M.; van Daalen, Silke F.; Caswell, Hal; Neubert, Michael G.; Gribble, Kristin E. (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-06-29)
    Maternal effect senescence—a decline in offspring survival or fertility with maternal age—has been demonstrated in many taxa, including humans. Despite decades of phenotypic studies, questions remain about how maternal ...
  • Antagonistic interactions and clutch-dependent sensitivity induce variable responses to ocean acidification and warming in squid (Doryteuthis pealeii) embryos and paralarvae 

    Zakroff, Casey; Mooney, T. Aran (Frontiers Media, 2020-05-20)
    Ocean acidification (OA) and warming seas are significant concerns for coastal systems and species. The Atlantic longfin squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, a core component of the Northwest Atlantic trophic web, has demonstrated ...
  • Auxotrophic interactions: A stabilizing attribute of aquatic microbial communities? 

    Johnson, Winifred M.; Alexander, Harriet; Bier, Raven L.; Miller, Dan R.; Muscarella, Mario E.; Pitz, Kathleen J.; Smith, Heidi (Oxford University Press, 2020-06-10)
    Auxotrophy, or an organism's requirement for an exogenous source of an organic molecule, is widespread throughout species and ecosystems. Auxotrophy can result in obligate interactions between organisms, influencing ecosystem ...
  • Is post-bleaching recovery of Acropora hyacinthus on Palau via spread of local kin groups? 

    Cros, Annick; Toonen, Robert J.; Karl, Stephen A. (Springer Verlag, 2020-01-03)
    Palau suffered massive mortality of reef corals during the 1998 mass bleaching, and understanding recovery from that catastrophic loss is critical to management for future impacts. Many reef species have shown significant ...
  • Marine mammal skin microbiotas are influenced by host phylogeny 

    Apprill, Amy; Miller, Carolyn A.; Van Cise, Amy M.; U'Ren, Jana M.; Leslie, Matthew S.; Weber, Laura; Baird, Robin W.; Robbins, Jooke; Landry, Scott; Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Waring, Gordon T. (The Royal Society, 2020-05-20)
    Skin-associated microorganisms have been shown to play a role in immune function and disease of humans, but are understudied in marine mammals, a diverse animal group that serve as sentinels of ocean health. We examined ...

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