WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Toward a global reference database of COI barcodes for marine zooplankton 

    Bucklin, Ann; Peijnenburg, Katja T. C. A.; Kosobokova, Ksenia N.; O'Brien, Todd D.; Blanco-Bercial, Leocadio; Cornils, Astrid; Falkenhaug, Tone; Hopcroft, Russell R.; Hosia, Aino; Laakmann, Silke; Li, Chaolun; Martell, Luis; Questel, Jennifer M.; Wall-Palmer, Deborah; Wang, Minxiao; Wiebe, Peter; Weydmann-Zwolicka, Agata (Springer, 2021-05-04)
    Characterization of species diversity of zooplankton is key to understanding, assessing, and predicting the function and future of pelagic ecosystems throughout the global ocean. The marine zooplankton assemblage, including ...
  • Near real-time detection of low-frequency baleen whale calls from an autonomous surface vehicle: implementation, evaluation, and remaining challenges 

    Baumgartner, Mark F.; Ball, Keenan R.; Partan, James W.; Pelletier, Léo‐Paul; Bonnell, Julianne M.; Hotchkin, Cara; Corkeron, Peter; Van Parijs, Sofie M. (Acoustical Society of America, 2021-05-04)
    Mitigation of threats posed to marine mammals by human activities can be greatly improved with a better understanding of animal occurrence in real time. Recent advancements have enabled low-power passive acoustic systems ...
  • A standardisation framework for bio-logging data to advance ecological research and conservation 

    Sequeira, Ana M. M.; O'Toole, Malcolm; Keates, Theresa R.; McDonnell, Laura H.; Braun, Camrin D.; Hoenner, Xavier; Jaine, Fabrice R. A.; Jonsen, Ian; Newman, Peggy; Pye, Jonathan; Bograd, Steven; Hays, Graeme; Hazen, Elliott L.; Holland, Melinda; Tsontos, Vardis; Blight, Clint; Cagnacci, Francesca; Davidson, Sarah C.; Dettki, Holger; Duarte, Carlos M.; Dunn, Daniel C.; Eguíluz, Víctor M.; Fedak, Michael; Gleiss, Adrian C.; Hammerschlag, Neil; Hindell, Mark; Holland, Kim; Janekovic, Ivica; McKinzie, Megan K.; Muelbert, Monica M. C.; Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Rutz, Christian; Sims, David W.; Simmons, Samantha E.; Townsend, Brendal; Whoriskey, Frederick G.; Woodward, Bill; Costa, Daniel P.; Heupel, Michelle R.; McMahon, Clive R.; Harcourt, Robert; Weise, Michael (Wiley, 2021-03-15)
    1. Bio-logging data obtained by tagging animals are key to addressing global conservation challenges. However, the many thousands of existing bio-logging datasets are not easily discoverable, universally comparable, nor ...
  • Diapause vs. reproductive programs: transcriptional phenotypes in a keystone copepod 

    Lenz, Petra; Roncalli, Vittoria; Cieslak, Matthew C.; Tarrant, Ann M.; Castelfranco, Ann M.; Hartline, Daniel K (Nature Research, 2021-03-21)
    Many arthropods undergo a seasonal dormancy termed “diapause” to optimize timing of reproduction in highly seasonal environments. In the North Atlantic, the copepod Calanus finmarchicus completes one to three generations ...
  • Possible limitations of dolphin echolocation: a simulation study based on a cross-modal matching experiment 

    Wei, Chong; Hoffmann-Kuhnt, Matthias; Au, Whitlow W. L.; Ho, Abel Zhong Hao; Matrai, Patricia A.; Feng, Wen; Ketten, Darlene R.; Zhang, Yu (Nature Research, 2021-03-23)
    Dolphins use their biosonar to discriminate objects with different features through the returning echoes. Cross-modal matching experiments were conducted with a resident bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus). Four types ...
  • Exploring the use of environmental DNA (eDNA) to detect animal taxa in the Mesopelagic Zone 

    Govindarajan, Annette F.; Francolini, Rene D.; Jech, J. Michael; Lavery, Andone C.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Wiebe, Peter; Zhang, Weifeng Gordon (Frontiers Media, 2021-03-15)
    Animal biodiversity in the ocean’s vast mesopelagic zone is relatively poorly studied due to technological and logistical challenges. Environmental DNA (eDNA) analyses show great promise for efficiently characterizing ...
  • Marine harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the united states: history, current status and future trends 

    Anderson, Donald M.; Fensin, Elizabeth; Gobler, Christopher J.; Hoeglund, Alicia E.; Hubbard, Katherine A.; Kulis, David M.; Landsberg, Jan H.; Lefebvre, Kathi A.; Provoost, Pieter; Richlen, Mindy L.; Smith, Juliette L.; Solow, Andrew R.; Trainer, Vera L. (Elsevier, 2021-03-03)
    Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are diverse phenomena involving multiple. species and classes of algae that occupy a broad range of habitats from lakes to oceans and produce a multiplicity of toxins or bioactive compounds that ...
  • Exploring interannual variability in potential spawning habitat for Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Slope Sea 

    Rypina, Irina I.; Dotzel, Michael M.; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Hernandez, Christina M.; Llopiz, Joel K. (Elsevier, 2021-01-17)
    The Slope Sea in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, located between the Gulf Stream and the continental shelf of the Northeast United States, is a recently-documented possible major spawning ground for Atlantic bluefin tuna ...
  • Plasticity in parental effects confers rapid larval thermal tolerance in the estuarine anemone Nematostella vectensis 

    Rivera, Hanny E.; Chen, Cheng-Yi; Gibson, Matthew C.; Tarrant, Ann M. (The Company of Biologists, 2021-03-11)
    Parental effects can prepare offspring for different environments and facilitate survival across generations. We exposed parental populations of the estuarine anemone, Nematostella vectensis, from Massachusetts to elevated ...
  • A regional, early spring bloom of Phaeocystis pouchetii on the New England continental shelf 

    Smith, Walker O.; Zhang, Weifeng G.; Hirzel, Andrew; Stanley, Rachel M.; Meyer, Meredith G.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Alatalo, Philip; Oliver, Hilde; Sandwith, Zoe O.; Crockford, E. Taylor; Peacock, Emily E.; Mehta, Arshia; McGillicuddy, Dennis J. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-01-15)
    The genus Phaeocystis is distributed globally and has considerable ecological, biogeochemical, and societal impacts. Understanding its distribution, growth and ecological impacts has been limited by lack of extensive ...
  • Sound detection by the American lobster (Homarus americanus) 

    Jézéquel, Youenn; Jones, Ian T.; Bonnel, Julien; Chauvaud, Laurent; Atema, Jelle; Mooney, T. Aran (The Company of Biologists, 2021-03-25)
    Although many crustaceans produce sounds, their hearing abilities and mechanisms are poorly understood, leaving uncertainties regarding whether or how these animals use sound for acoustic communication. Marine invertebrates ...
  • Whole community metatranscriptomes and lipidomes reveal diverse responses among antarctic phytoplankton to changing ice conditions 

    Bowman, Jeff S.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Lowenstein, Daniel P.; Fredricks, Helen F.; Hansel, Colleen M.; Gast, Rebecca J.; Collins, James R.; Couto, Nicole; Ducklow, Hugh W. (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-18)
    The transition from winter to spring represents a major shift in the basal energy source for the Antarctic marine ecosystem from lipids and other sources of stored energy to sunlight. Because sea ice imposes a strong control ...
  • How do marine mammals manage and usually avoid gas emboli formation and gas embolic pathology? critical clues from studies of wild dolphins 

    Fahlman, Andreas; Moore, Michael J.; Wells, Randall S. (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-05)
    Decompression theory has been mainly based on studies on terrestrial mammals, and may not translate well to marine mammals. However, evidence that marine mammals experience gas bubbles during diving is growing, causing ...
  • Molecular identification and toxin analysis of Alexandrium spp. in the Beibu Gulf: first report of toxic A. tamiyavanichii in Chinese coastal waters 

    Xu, Yixiao; He, Xilin; Li, Huiling; Zhang, Teng; Lei, Fu; Gu, Haifeng; Anderson, Donald M. (MDPI, 2021-02-18)
    The frequency of harmful algal blooms (HABs) has increased in China in recent years. Information about harmful dinoflagellates and paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) is still limited in China, especially in the Beibu Gulf, ...
  • Horizontal and vertical movement patterns and habitat use of juvenile porbeagles (Lamna nasus) in the Western North Atlantic 

    Skomal, Gregory B.; Marshall, Heather; Galuardi, Benjamin; Natanson, Lisa J.; Braun, Camrin D.; Bernal, Diego (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-01)
    The porbeagle (Lamna nasus) is a large, highly migratory endothermic shark broadly distributed in the higher latitudes of the Atlantic, South Pacific, and Indian Oceans. In the North Atlantic, the porbeagle has a long ...
  • Microbial and nutrient dynamics in mangrove, reef, and seagrass waters over tidal and diurnal time scales 

    Becker, Cynthia; Weber, Laura; Suca, Justin J.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Mooney, T. Aran; Apprill, Amy (Inter Research, 2020-10-08)
    In coral reefs and adjacent seagrass meadow and mangrove environments, short temporal scales (i.e. tidal, diurnal) may have important influences on ecosystem processes and community structure, but these scales are rarely ...
  • Departures from isotropy: the kinematics of a larval snail in response to food 

    DiBenedetto, Michelle H.; Meyer-Kaiser, Kirstin S.; Torjman, Brooke; Wheeler, Jeanette D.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (The Company of Biologists, 2021-01-15)
    The swimming behavior of invertebrate larvae can affect their dispersal, survival and settlement in the ocean. Modeling this behavior accurately poses unique challenges as behavior is controlled by both physiology and ...
  • Body size data collected non-invasively from drone images indicate a morphologically distinct Chilean blue whale (Blaenoptera musculus) taxon 

    Leslie, Matthew S.; Perkins-Taylor, Colin M.; Durban, John W.; Moore, Michael J.; Miller, Carolyn A.; Chanarat, Proud; Bahamonde, Paulina A.; Chiang, Gustavo; Apprill, Amy (Inter Research, 2020-11-05)
    The blue whale Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) was the target of intense commercial whaling in the 20th century, and current populations remain drastically below pre-whaling abundances. Reducing uncertainty in ...
  • Fluctuations in Hawaii's humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae population inferred from male song chorusing off Maui 

    Kügler, Anke; Lammers, Marc O.; Zang, Eden; Kaplan, Maxwell B.; Mooney, T. Aran (Inter Research, 2020-12-17)
    Approximately half of the North Pacific humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae stock visits the shallow waters of the main Hawaiian Islands seasonally. Within this breeding area, mature males produce an elaborate acoustic ...
  • Have whales returned to a historical hotspot of industrial whaling? the pattern of southern right whale Eubalaena australis recovery at South Georgia 

    Jackson, Jennifer A.; Kennedy, Amy S.; Moore, Michael J.; Andriolo, Artur; Bamford, Connor C. G.; Calderan, Susannah; Cheeseman, Ted; Gittins, George; Groch, Karina; Kelly, Natalie; Leaper, Russell; Leslie, Matthew S.; Lurcock, Sarah; Miller, Brian S.; Richardson, Jessica; Rowntree, Victoria; Smith, Patrick; Stepien, Emilie N.; Stowasser, Gabriele; Trathan, Phil N.; Vermeulen, Els; Zerbini, Alexandre N.; Carroll, Emma (Inter Research, 2020-11-05)
    Around 176500 whales were killed in the sub-Antarctic waters off South Georgia (South Atlantic) between 1904 and 1965. In recent decades, whales have once again become summer visitors, with the southern right whale (SRW) ...

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