WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Does predation control the diapausing stock of Calanus finmarchicus in the Gulf of Maine? 

    Wiebe, Peter; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Copley, Nancy; Lawson, Gareth L.; Davis, Cabell S.; Ji, Rubao; Greene, Charles H. (Elsevier, 2022-07-29)
    The variability of zooplankton populations is controlled by external and internal forcing, with the former being principally large-scale changes in circulation, and the latter being driven by in situ growth, competition, ...
  • Iron mobilization during lactation reduces oxygen stores in a diving mammal 

    Shero, Michelle R.; Kirkham, Amy L.; Costa, Daniel P.; Burns, Jennifer M. (Nature Research, 2022-08-02)
    The profound impacts that maternal provisioning of finite energy resources has on offspring survival have been extensively studied across mammals. This study shows that in addition to calories, high hemoprotein concentrations ...
  • Estimating genotypic richness and proportion of identical multi-locus genotypes in aquatic microalgal populations 

    Sassenhagen, Ingrid; Erdner, Deana L.; Lougheed, Bryan C.; Richlen, Mindy L.; SjÖqvist, Conny (Oxford University Press, 2022-07-16)
    The majority of microalgal species reproduce asexually, yet population genetic studies rarely find identical multi-locus genotypes (MLG) in microalgal blooms. Instead, population genetic studies identify large genotypic ...
  • Long-distance vocalizations of spotted hyenas contain individual, but not group, signatures 

    Lehmann, Kenna D. S.; Jensen, Frants H.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana; Holekamp, Kay E. (The Royal Society, 2022-07-20)
    In animal societies, identity signals are common, mediate interactions within groups, and allow individuals to discriminate group-mates from out-group competitors. However, individual recognition becomes increasingly ...
  • Soundscapes as heard by invertebrates and fishes: particle motion measurements on coral reefs 

    Jones, Ian T.; Gray, Michael D.; Mooney, T. Aran (Acoustical Society of America, 2022-07-14)
    Coral reef soundscapes are increasingly studied for their ecological uses by invertebrates and fishes, for monitoring habitat quality, and to investigate effects of anthropogenic noise pollution. Few examinations of aquatic ...
  • Marine microeukaryotem metatranscriptomics: sample processing and bioinformatic workflow recommendations for ecological applications 

    Cohen, Natalie R.; Alexander, Harriet; Krinos, Arianna I.; Hu, Sarah K.; Lampe, Robert H. (Frontiers Media, 2022-06-28)
    Microeukaryotes (protists) serve fundamental roles in the marine environment as contributors to biogeochemical nutrient cycling and ecosystem function. Their activities can be inferred through metatranscriptomic investigations, ...
  • Plankton imagery data inform satellite-based estimates of diatom carbon 

    Chase, Alison P.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Haëntjens, Nils; Culhane, Emmett; Roesler, Collin S.; Karp-Boss, Lee (American Geophysical Union, 2022-06-18)
    Estimating the biomass of phytoplankton communities via remote sensing is a key requirement for understanding global ocean ecosystems. Of particular interest is the carbon associated with diatoms given their unequivocal ...
  • Metabolic arsenal of giant viruses: host hijack or self-use? 

    Brahim Belhaouari, Djamal; Pires De Souza, Gabriel Augusto; Lamb, David C.; Kelly, Steven L.; Goldstone, Jared V.; Stegeman, John J.; Colson, Philippe; La Scola, Bernard; Aherfi, Sarah (eLife Sciences Publications, 2022-07-08)
    Viruses generally are defined as lacking the fundamental properties of living organisms in that they do not harbor an energy metabolism system or protein synthesis machinery. However, the discovery of giant viruses of ...
  • Machine learning techniques to characterize functional traits of plankton from image data 

    Orenstein, Eric C.; Ayata, Sakina Dorothée; Maps, Frédéric; Becker, Érica C.; Benedetti, Fabio; Biard, Tristan; de Garidel-Thoron, Thibault; Ellen, Jeffrey S.; Ferrario, Filippo; Giering, Sarah L. C.; Guy-Haim, Tamar; Hoebeke, Laura; Iversen, Morten H.; Kiørboe, Thomas; Lalonde, Jean-François; Lana, Arancha; Laviale, Martin; Lombard, Fabien; Lorimer, Tom; Martini, Séverine; Meyer, Albin; Möller, Klas O.; Niehoff, Barbara; Ohman, Mark D.; Pradalier, Cédric; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste; Schröder, Simon-Martin; Sonnet, Virginie; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stemmann, Lars; Stock, Michiel; Terbiyik-Kurt, Tuba; Valcárcel-Pérez, Nerea; Vilgrain, Laure; Wacquet, Guillaume; Waite, Anya M.; Irisson, Jean-Olivier (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2022-06-30)
    Plankton imaging systems supported by automated classification and analysis have improved ecologists' ability to observe aquatic ecosystems. Today, we are on the cusp of reliably tracking plankton populations with a suite ...
  • Interspecific differences in the flow regimes and drag of North Pacific skate egg cases 

    Hall, Kayla C.; Elcock, Jaida N.; Hoff, Gerald R.; Stevenson, Duane E.; Summers, Adam P.; Donatelli, Cassandra M. (Oxford University Press, 2022-07-04)
    Skates are a diverse group of dorso-ventrally compressed cartilaginous fish found primarily in high-latitude seas. These slow-growing oviparous fish deposit their fertilized eggs into cases, which then rest on the seafloor. ...
  • The Deep Ocean Observing Strategy: addressing global challenges in the deep sea through collaboration 

    Smith, Leslie M.; Cimoli, Laura; LaScala-Gruenewald, Diana; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Phillips, Brennan T.; Pillar, Helen R.; Stopa, Justin; Baumann-Pickering, Simone; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Bell, Katherine L. C.; Harden-Davies, Harriet; Gjerde, Kristina M.; Heimbach, Patrick; Howe, Bruce M.; Janssen, Felix; Levin, Lisa A.; Ruhl, Henry A.; Soule, S. Adam; Stocks, Karen; Vardaro, Michael F.; Wright, Dawn J. (Marine Technology Society, 2022-06-08)
    The Deep Ocean Observing Strategy (DOOS) is an international, community-driven initiative that facilitates collaboration across disciplines and fields, elevates a diverse cohort of early career researchers into future ...
  • Larger females have more calves: influence of maternal body length on fecundity in North Atlantic right whales 

    Stewart, Joshua D.; Durban, John W.; Europe, Hollis; Fearnbach, Holly; Hamilton, Philip K.; Knowlton, Amy R.; Lynn, Morgan S.; Miller, Carolyn A.; Perryman, Wayne L.; Tao, Brandon W. H.; Moore, Michael J. (Inter Research, 2022-05-12)
    North Atlantic right whales (NARW) are critically endangered and have been declining in abundance since 2011. In the past decade, human-caused mortalities from vessel strikes and entanglements have been increasing, while ...
  • Diversity of microbial eukaryotes along the West Antarctic Peninsula in austral spring 

    Grattepanche, Jean-David; Jeffrey, Wade H.; Gast, Rebecca J.; Sanders, Robert W. (Frontiers Media, 2022-05-16)
    During a cruise from October to November 2019, along the West Antarctic Peninsula, between 64.32 and 68.37°S, we assessed the diversity and composition of the active microbial eukaryotic community within three size fractions: ...
  • A practical guide for generating unsupervised, spectrogram-based latent space representations of animal vocalizations 

    Thomas, Mara; Jensen, Frants H.; Averly, Baptiste; Demartsev, Vlad; Manser, Marta B.; Sainburg, Tim; Roch, Marie; Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana (Wiley, 2022-06-03)
    1. Background: The manual detection, analysis and classification of animal vocalizations in acoustic recordings is laborious and requires expert knowledge. Hence, there is a need for objective, generalizable methods that ...
  • Genus-specific carbon fixation activity measurements reveal distinct responses to oxygen among hydrothermal vent campylobacteria 

    McNichol, Jesse C.; Dyksma, Stefan; Mussmann, Marc; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Sylva, Sean P.; Sievert, Stefan M. (American Society for Microbiology, 2022-01-25)
    Molecular surveys of low temperature deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluids have shown that Campylobacteria (previously Epsilonproteobacteria) often dominate the microbial community and that three genera, Arcobacter, Sulfurimonas, ...
  • Growing degree-day measurement of cyst germination rates in the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella 

    Fischer, Alexis D.; Brosnahan, Michael L. (American Society for Microbiology, 2022-05-23)
    Blooms of many dinoflagellates, including several harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, are seeded and revived through the germination of benthic resting cysts. Temperature is a key determinant of cysts’ germination rate, and ...
  • Effects of two toxin-producing harmful algae, Alexandrium catenella and Dinophysis acuminata (Dinophyceae), on activity and mortality of larval shellfish 

    Pease, Sarah K. D.; Brosnahan, Michael L.; Sanderson, Marta P.; Smith, Juliette L. (MDPI, 2022-05-10)
    Harmful algal bloom (HAB) species Alexandrium catenella and Dinophysis acuminata are associated with paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in humans, respectively. While PSP and DSP ...
  • Temporal correlations among demographic parameters are ubiquitous but highly variable across species. 

    Fay, Remi; Hamel, Sandra; van de Pol, Martijn; Gaillard, Jean-Michel; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Acker, Paul; Authier, Matthieu; Larue, Benjamin; Le Coeur, Christie; Macdonald, Kaitlin R.; Nicol-Harper, Alex; Barbraud, Christophe; Bonenfant, Christophe; Van Vuren, Dirk H.; Cam, Emmanuelle; Delord, Karine; Gamelon, Marlène; Moiron, Maria; Pelletier, Fanie; Rotella, Jay J.; Teplitsky, Celine; Visser, Marcel E.; Wells, Caitlin P.; Wheelwright, Nathaniel T.; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Saether, Bernt-Erik (Wiley, 2022-05-24)
    Temporal correlations among demographic parameters can strongly influence population dynamics. Our empirical knowledge, however, is very limited regarding the direction and the magnitude of these correlations and how they ...
  • Complete genome sequences of two phylogenetically distinct Nitrospina strains isolated from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans 

    Bayer, Barbara; Kellom, Matthew; Valois, Frederica; Waterbury, John B.; Santoro, Alyson E. (American Society for Microbiology, 2022-05-02)
    The complete genome sequences of two chemoautotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacteria of the genus Nitrospina are reported. Nitrospina gracilis strain Nb-211 was isolated from the Atlantic Ocean, and Nitrospina sp. strain Nb-3 ...
  • Effects of frequency-dependent spatial variation in soundscape settlement cues for reef fish larvae 

    Salas, Andria K.; Ballard, Megan S.; Mooney, T. Aran; Wilson, Preston S. (Inter Research, 2022-04-07)
    The mechanisms that link reef soundscapes to larval fish settlement behaviors are poorly understood, yet the management of threatened reef communities requires we maintain the recruitment processes that recover and sustain ...

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