WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Migration rate of mud bacteria as a function of magnetic field strength 

    Teague, Barbara D.; Gilson, Michael; Kalmijn, Adrianus J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-11)
    Certain marine and freshwater mud bacteria are endowed with a permanent magnetic dipole moment. This moment is attributed to an endogenous chain of tightly coupled, single-domain magnetite crystals. When separated from ...
  • Matamek annual report for 1979 

    Naiman, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-06)
    This report describes activities associated with the Matamek Research Program in 1979. Research was conducted on biological, chemical, and physical factors of lakes and rivers, principally in the Maisie and Matamek River ...
  • Exposure to CO2 influences metabolism, calcification and gene expression of the thecosome pteropod Limacina retroversa 

    Maas, Amy E.; Lawson, Gareth L.; Bergan, Alexander J.; Tarrant, Ann M. (The Company of Biologists, 2018-02-13)
    Thecosomatous pteropods, a group of aragonite shell-bearing zooplankton, are becoming an important sentinel organism for understanding the influence of ocean acidification on pelagic organisms. These animals show vulnerability ...
  • Biological & Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office : a domain-specific repository for oceanographic data from around the world [poster] 

    Ake, Hannah; Biddle, Matt; Copley, Nancy; Kinkade, Danie; Rauch, Shannon; Saito, Mak A.; Shepherd, Adam; Switzer, Megan; Wiebe, Peter; York, Amber (2018-02-14)
    The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) is a domain-specific digital data repository that works with investigators funded under the National Science Foundation’s Division of Ocean Sciences ...
  • A database for zooplankton net tow data 

    Hunt, Mary M.; Wiebe, Peter (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-06)
    This report describes the design and implementation of a database to store zooplankton net tow data and the applications programming done to update and access the database using the Sigma 7 Extended Database Management ...
  • Population genomics of marine zooplankton 

    Bucklin, Ann; DiVito, Kate; Smolina, Irina; Choquet, Marvin; Questel, Jennifer M.; Hoarau, Galice; O’Neill, Rachel J. (2017-08-22)
    The exceptionally large population size and cosmopolitan biogeographic distribution that distinguish many – but not all – marine zooplankton species generate similarly exceptional patterns of population genetic and genomic ...
  • Field energetics and lung function in wild bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, in Sarasota Bay Florida 

    Fahlman, Andreas; Brodsky, Micah; Wells, Randall S.; McHugh, Katie; Allen, Jason; Barleycorn, Aaron; Sweeney, Jay C.; Fauquier, Deborah A.; Moore, Michael J. (Royal Society, 2018-01-17)
    We measured respiratory flow rates, and expired O2 in 32 (2–34 years, body mass [Mb] range: 73–291 kg) common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) during voluntary breaths on land or in water (between 2014 and 2017). ...
  • Reduced swimming performance repeatedly evolves on loss of migration in landlocked populations of alewife 

    Velotta, Jonathan P.; McCormick, Stephen D.; Jones, Andrew W.; Schultz, Eric T. (University of Chicago Press, 2018-01-30)
    Whole-organism performance tasks are accomplished by the integration of morphological traits and physiological functions. Understanding how evolutionary change in morphology and physiology influences whole-organism performance ...
  • INVASIVESNET towards an international association for open knowledge on invasive alien species 

    Lucy, Frances E.; Roy, Helen; Simpson, Annie; Carlton, James T.; Hanson, John Mark; Magellan, Kit; Campbell, Marnie L.; Costello, Mark J.; Pagad, Shyama; Hewitt, Chad L.; McDonald, Justin; Cassey, Phillip; Thomaz, Sidinei M.; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Zenetos, Argyro; Tricarico, Elena; Boggero, Angela; Groom, Quentin J.; Adriaens, Tim; Vanderhoeven, Sonia; Torchin, Mark; Hufbauer, Ruth; Fuller, Pam; Carman, Mary R.; Conn, David Bruce; Vitule, Jean R. S.; Canning-Clode, Joao; Galil, Bella S.; Ojaveer, Henn; Bailey, Sarah A.; Therriault, Thomas W.; Claudi, Renata; Gazda, Anna; Dick, Jaimie T. A.; Caffrey, Joe; Witt, Arne; Kenis, Marc; Lehtiniemi, Maiju; Helmisaari, Harry; Panov, Vadim E. (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2016-06-07)
    In a world where invasive alien species (IAS) are recognised as one of the major threats to biodiversity, leading scientists from five continents have come together to propose the concept of developing an international ...
  • Resilience in moving water : effects of turbulence on the predatory impact of the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi 

    Jaspers, Cornelia; Costello, John H.; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Gemmell, Brad J.; Lucas, Kelsey N.; Tackett, Jennifer; Dodge, Kara L.; Colin, Sean P. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-08-14)
    Despite its delicate morphology, the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi thrives in coastal ecosystems as an influential zooplankton predator. Coastal ecosystems are often characterized as energetic systems with high levels ...
  • Discrimination between bycatch and other causes of cetacean and pinniped stranding 

    Bernaldo de Quirós, Yara; Hartwick, Meghan; Rotstein, David S.; Garner, Michael M.; Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Greer, William; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Early, Greg A.; Wenzel, Frederick W.; Moore, Michael J. (Inter-Research, 2018-01-31)
    The challenge of identifying cause of death in discarded bycaught marine mammals stems from a combination of the non-specific nature of the lesions of drowning, the complex physiologic adaptations unique to breath-holding ...
  • Avoiding pitfalls in interdisciplinary education 

    Holt, Rebecca E.; Woods, Pamela J.; Ferreira, Ana S. A.; Bardarson, Hlynur; Bonanomi, Sara; Boonstra, Wijnand J.; Butler, William E.; Diekert, Florian K.; Fouzai, Nadia; Holma, Maija; Kokkalis, Alexandros; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Macdonald, Jed I.; Malanski, Evandro; Nieminen, Emmi; Ottosen, Katharina M.; Pedersen, Martin W.; Richter, Andries; Rogers, Lauren; Romagnoni, Giovanni; Snickars, Martin; Törnroos, Anna; Weigel, Benjamin; Whittington, Jason D.; Yletyinen, Johanna (Inter-Research, 2017-12-27)
    As the world’s social-environmental problems increasingly extend across boundaries, both disciplinary and political, there is a growing need for interdisciplinarity, not only in research per se, but also in doctoral ...
  • Movements of the white shark Carcharodon carcharias in the North Atlantic Ocean 

    Skomal, Gregory B.; Braun, Camrin D.; Chisholm, John H.; Thorrold, Simon R. (Inter-Research, 2017-09-29)
    In the western North Atlantic, much of what is known about the movement ecology of the white shark Carcharodon carcharias is based on historical fisheries-dependent catch records, which portray a shelf-oriented species ...
  • Indoles induce metamorphosis in a broad diversity of jellyfish, but not in a crown jelly (Coronatae) 

    Helm, Rebecca R.; Dunn, Casey W. (Public Library of Science, 2017-12-27)
    Many animals go through one or more metamorphoses during their lives, however, the molecular underpinnings of metamorphosis across diverse species are not well understood. Medusozoa (Cnidaria) is a clade of animals with ...
  • WHOI silhouette DIGITIZER version 1.0 user’s guide 

    Little, William S.; Copley, Nancy J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2003-07)
    WHOI Silhouette DIGITIZER is a MATLAB-based computer program for measuring the lengths of marine organisms in the macrozooplankton size range. DIGITIZER displays a scanned photographic image of a seawater slurry containing ...
  • Ryanodine receptor and FK506 binding protein 1 in the Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) : a phylogenetic and population-based comparison 

    Holland, Erika B.; Goldstone, Jared V.; Pessah, Isaac N.; Whitehead, Andrew; Reid, Noah M.; Karchner, Sibel I.; Hahn, Mark E.; Nacci, Diane E.; Clark, Bryan W.; Stegeman, John J. (2017-09)
    Non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL PCBs) activate ryanodine receptors (RyR), microsomal Ca2+ channels of broad significance. Teleost fish may be important models for NDL PCB neurotoxicity, and we used sequencing ...
  • Rethinking ‘normal’ : the role of stochasticity in the phenology of a synchronously breeding seabird 

    Youngflesh, Casey; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Hinke, Jefferson T.; DuBois, Lauren; St. Leger, Judy A.; Trivelpiece, Wayne Z.; Trivelpiece, Susan G.; Lynch, Heather J. (2017-12)
    Phenological changes have been observed in a variety of systems over the past century. There is concern that, as a consequence, ecological interactions are becoming increasingly mismatched in time, with negative consequences ...
  • Ultraviolet radiation significantly enhances the molecular response to dispersant and sweet crude oil exposure in Nematostella vectensis 

    Tarrant, Ann M.; Payton, Samantha L.; Reitzel, Adam M.; Porter, Danielle T.; Jenny, Matthew J. (2018-01-01)
    Estuarine organisms are subjected to combinations of anthropogenic and natural stressors, which together can reduce an organisms' ability to respond to either stress or can potentiate or synergize the cellular impacts for ...
  • Marine cryptophytes are great sources of EPA and DHA 

    Peltomaa, Elina; Johnson, Matthew D.; Taipale, Sami J. (MDPI AG, 2017-12-26)
    Microalgae have the ability to synthetize many compounds, some of which have been recognized as a source of functional ingredients for nutraceuticals with positive health effects. One well-known example is the long-chain ...
  • Fecal glucocorticoids and anthropogenic injury and mortality in North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis 

    Rolland, Rosalind M.; McLellan, William A.; Moore, Michael J.; Harms, Craig A.; Burgess, Elizabeth A.; Hunt, Kathleen E. (Inter-Research, 2017-11-30)
    As human impacts on marine ecosystems escalate, there is increasing interest in quantifying sub-lethal physiological and pathological responses of marine mammals. Glucocorticoid hormones are commonly used to assess stress ...

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