WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Ecosystem model intercomparison of under-ice and total primary production in the Arctic Ocean 

    Jin, Meibing; Popova, Ekaterina E.; Zhang, Jinlun; Ji, Rubao; Pendleton, Daniel; Varpe, Øystein; Yool, Andrew; Lee, Younjoo J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-27)
    Previous observational studies have found increasing primary production (PP) in response to declining sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean. In this study, under-ice PP was assessed based on three coupled ice-ocean-ecosystem ...
  • COMADRE : a global data base of animal demography 

    Salguero-Gomez, Roberto; Jones, Owen R.; Archer, C. Ruth; Bein, Christoph; de Buhr, Hendrik; Farack, Claudia; Gottschalk, France; Hartmann, Alexander; Henning, Anne; Hoppe, Gabriel; Romer, Gesa; Ruoff, Tara; Sommer, Veronika; Wille, Julia; Voigt, Jakob; Zeh, Stefan; Vieregg, Dirk; Buckley, Yvonne M.; Che-Castaldo, Judy; Hodgson, David; Scheuerlein, Alexander; Caswell, Hal; Vaupe, James W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-27)
    The open-data scientific philosophy is being widely adopted and proving to promote considerable progress in ecology and evolution. Open-data global data bases now exist on animal migration, species distribution, conservation ...
  • The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) population of the Matamek River, Quebec : 1967-1984 data report 

    Naiman, Robert J.; Morin, Roderick; Caswell, Hal; Montgomery, W. Linn; Klopfer, Eileen; Kana, Todd M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    From 1967 to 1984 the Matamek Research Station, located near Sept-Iles, Quebec, was the focus of a research program on salmonid production in boreal river ecosystems. Research was conducted under the auspices of Woods ...
  • Defining planktonic protist functional groups on mechanisms for energy and nutrient acquisition : incorporation of diverse mixotrophic strategies 

    Mitra, Aditee; Flynn, Kevin J.; Tillmann, Urban; Raven, John A.; Caron, David A.; Stoecker, Diane K.; Not, Fabrice; Hansen, Per J.; Hallegraeff, Gustaaf M.; Sanders, Robert W.; Wilken, Susanne; McManus, George; Johnson, Mathew D.; Pitta, Paraskevi; Våge, Selina; Berge, Terje; Calbet, Albert; Thingstad, Frede; Jeong, Hae Jin; Burkholder, JoAnn M.; Glibert, Patricia M.; Graneli, Edna; Lundgren, Veronica (Elsevier, 2016-01-03)
    Arranging organisms into functional groups aids ecological research by grouping organisms (irrespective of phylogenetic origin) that interact with environmental factors in similar ways. Planktonic protists traditionally ...
  • Microbial cycling of marine high molecular weight dissolved organic matter 

    Sosa, Oscar A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-06)
    Microorganisms play a central role mediating biogeochemical cycles in the ocean. Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) – a reservoir of organic solutes and colloids derived from plankton is a major source of carbon, ...
  • A demographic model for sex ratio evolution and the effects of sex-biased offspring costs 

    Shyu, Esther; Caswell, Hal (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-02-09)
    The evolution of the primary sex ratio, the proportion of male births in an individual's offspring production strategy, is a frequency-dependent process that selects against the more common sex. Because reproduction is ...
  • Calcium phosphate mineralization is widely applied in crustacean mandibles 

    Bentov, Shmuel; Aflalo, Eliahu D.; Tynyakov, Jenny; Sagi, Amir; Glazer, Lilah (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-02-24)
    Crustaceans, like most mineralized invertebrates, adopted calcium carbonate mineralization for bulk skeleton reinforcement. Here, we show that a major part of the crustacean class Malacostraca (which includes lobsters, ...
  • Wave energy level and geographic setting correlate with Florida beach water quality 

    Feng, Zhixuan; Reniers, Ad; Haus, Brian K.; Solo-Gabriele, Helena M.; Kelly, Elizabeth A. (2015-09)
    Many recreational beaches suffer from elevated levels of microorganisms, resulting in beach advisories and closures due to lack of compliance with Environmental Protection Agency guidelines. We conducted the first statewide ...
  • Development of a one-step duplex RT-qPCR for the quantification of phocine distemper virus 

    Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Frasca, Salvatore; Matassa, Keith A.; Nielsen, Ole; Rogers, Kara; De Guise, Sylvain (Wildlife Disease Association, 2015-04)
    Worldwide, stranded marine mammals and the network personnel who respond to marine mammal mortality have provided much of the information regarding marine morbillivirus infections. An assay to determine the amount of virus ...
  • A bacterial quorum-sensing precursor induces mortality in the marine coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi 

    Harvey, Elizabeth L.; Deering, Robert W.; Rowley, David C.; El Gamal, Abrahim; Schorn, Michelle A.; Moore, Bradley S.; Johnson, Matthew D.; Mincer, Tracy J.; Whalen, Kristen E. (Frontiers Media, 2016-02-03)
    Interactions between phytoplankton and bacteria play a central role in mediating biogeochemical cycling and food web structure in the ocean. However, deciphering the chemical drivers of these interspecies interactions ...
  • PCBs : exposures, effects, remediation, and regulation with special emphasis on PCBs in schools 

    Hunt, Gary; Stegeman, John J.; Robertson, Larry (2015-11)
    The Eighth International PCB Workshop: PCBs in Schools was held in Woods Hole, MA, October 5-9, 2014, and was attended by more than 130 scientists and other interested persons, including citizen’s groups and concerned ...
  • Seals and ecosystem health : meeting report of the Northwest Atlantic Seal Research Consortium 

    Bass, Anna L.; Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Early, Greg A.; Nichols, Owen C.; Patchett, Kristen (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-05)
    On May 1 and 2, 2015, over 75 people attended the Northwest Atlantic Seal Research Consortium's first official biennial two day scientific meeting, "Seals and Ecosystem Health", at Salem State University in Salem, Massachusetts. ...
  • Departures from neutrality induced by niche and relative fitness differences 

    Carroll, Ian T.; Nisbet, Roger M. (Springer, 2015-04-08)
    Breaking the core assumption of ecological equivalence in Hubbell’s “neutral theory of biodiversity” requires a theory of species differences. In one framework for characterizing differences between competing species, ...
  • Environmentally mediated trends in otolith composition of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) 

    Stanley, Ryan R. E.; Bradbury, Ian R.; DiBacco, Claudio; Snelgrove, Paul V. R.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Killen, Shaun S. (2015-04)
    We evaluated the influence of environmental exposure of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morua) to inform interpretations of natal origins and movement patterns using otolith geochemistry. Laboratory rearing experiments were ...
  • Dive, food and exercise effects on blood microparticles in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) : exploring a biomarker for decompression sickness 

    Fahlman, Andreas; Moore, Michael J.; Trites, Andrew W.; Rosen, David A. S.; Haulena, Martin; Waller, Nigel; Neale, Troy; Yang, Ming; Thom, Stephen R. (2016-02)
    Recent studies of stranded marine mammals indicate that exposure to underwater military sonar may induce pathophysiological responses consistent with decompression sickness (DCS). However, DCS has been difficult to ...
  • Bioeconomics and biodiversity in harvested metacommunities : a patch-occupancy approach 

    Moberg, Emily A.; Kellner, Julie B.; Neubert, Michael G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-25)
    We develop a coupled economic-metacommunity model to investigate the trade-off between diversity and profit for multispecies systems. The model keeps track of the presence or absence of species in habitat patches. With ...
  • First observed wild birth and acoustic record of a possible infanticide attempt on a common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) 

    Perrtree, Robin M.; Sayigh, Laela S.; Williford, Allison; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Curran, Mary C.; Cox, Tara M. (2015-06)
    We observed the birth of a common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) followed immediately by a possible infanticide attempt in the estuary near Savannah, Georgia. Our report is unique in several ways: first, we witnessed ...
  • A comparison of postrelease survival parameters between single and mass stranded delphinids from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 

    Sharp, Sarah M.; Harry, Charles T.; Hoppe, Jane M.; Moore, Kathleen M. T.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Robinson, Ian; Rose, Kathryn S.; Sharp, W. Brian; Landry, Scott; Richardson, Jessica; Moore, Michael J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-07-29)
    The viability of healthy single stranded dolphins as immediate release candidates has received little attention. Responders have been reluctant to release lone delphinids due to their social needs, even when they pass the ...
  • Behavioral responses of invertebrate larvae to water column cues 

    Wheeler, Jeanette D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Many benthic marine invertebrates have two-phase life histories, relying on planktonic larval stages for dispersal and exchange of individuals between adult populations. Historically, larvae were considered passive ...
  • Defining the ecological and physiological traits of phytoplankton across marine ecosystems 

    Alexander, Harriet (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Marine phytoplankton are central players in the global carbon cycle, responsible for nearly half of global primary production. The identification of the factors controlling phytoplankton ecology, physiology, and, ultimately, ...

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