WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Erratum to: Merging scleractinian genera: the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia 

    Addamo, Anna M.; Vertino, Agostina; Stolarski, Jaroslaw; Garcia-Jimenez, Ricardo; Taviani, Marco; Machordom, Annie (BioMed Central, 2016-07-19)
    As a result of vendor errors being introduced during processing, the original version of this article was published with some duplication errors in Table 1.
  • A compilation of global bio-optical in situ data for ocean-colour satellite applications 

    Valente, André; Sathyendranath, Shubha; Brotas, Vanda; Groom, Steven; Grant, Michael; Taberner, Malcolm; Antoine, David; arnone, robert; Balch, William; Barker, Kathryn; Barlow, Ray; Belanger, Simon; Berthon, Jean-François; Besiktepe, Sukru; Brando, Vittorio; Canuti, Elisabetta; Chavez, Francisco; Claustre, Hervé; Crout, Richard; Frouin, Robert; García-Soto, Carlos; Gibb, Stuart W.; Gould, Richard; Hooker, Stanford; Kahru, Mati; Klein, Holger; Kratzer, Susanne; loisel, hubert; McKee, David; Mitchell, Brian G.; Moisan, Tiffany; Muller-Karger, Frank; O'Dowd, Leonie; Ondrusek, Michael; Poulton, Alex J.; REPECAUD, Michel; Smyth, Timothy; Sosik, Heidi M.; Twardowski, Michael; Voss, Kenneth; Werdell, Jeremy; Wernand, Marcel; Zibordi, Giuseppe (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-06-03)
    A compiled set of in situ data is important to evaluate the quality of ocean-colour satellite-data records. Here we describe the data compiled for the validation of the ocean-colour products from the ESA Ocean Colour Climate ...
  • Measuring hearing in wild beluga whales 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Castellote, Manuel; Quakenbush, Lori T.; Hobbs, Roderick; Goertz, Caroline; Gaglione, Eric (2016)
    We measured the hearing abilities of seven wild beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) during a collection-and-release experiment in Bristol Bay, AK, USA. Here we summarize the methods and initial data from one animal, ...
  • A brief review of cephalopod behavioral responses to sound 

    Samson, Julia E.; Mooney, T. Aran; Gussekloo, Sander W. S.; Hanlon, Roger T. (2016)
    Sound is a widely available cue in aquatic environments and is used by many marine animals for vital behaviors. Most research has focused on marine vertebrates. Relatively little is known about sound detection in marine ...
  • Sperm whale codas may encode individuality as well as clan identity 

    Oliveira, Claudia; Wahlberg, Magnus; Silva, Monica A.; Johnson, Mark P.; Antunes, Ricardo; Wisniewska, Danuta M.; Fais, Andrea; Goncalves, Joao M. A.; Madsen, Peter T. (Acoustical Society of America, 2016-05-19)
    Sperm whales produce codas for communication that can be grouped into different types according to their temporal patterns. Codas have led researchers to propose that sperm whales belong to distinct cultural clans, but it ...
  • Resource allocation for Lagrangian tracking 

    Jones, Benjamin T.; Solow, Andrew; Ji, Rubao (American Meteorological Society, 2016-06-02)
    Accurate estimation of the transport probabilities among regions in the ocean provides valuable information for understanding plankton transport, the spread of pollutants, and the movement of water masses. Individual-based ...
  • Diversity and distribution of prokaryotes within a shallow-water pockmark field 

    Giovannelli, Donato; d'Errico, Giuseppe; Fiorentino, Federica; Fattorini, Daniele; Regoli, Francesco; Angeletti, Lorenzo; Bakran-Petricioli, Tatjana; Vetriani, Costantino; Yucel, Mustafa; Taviani, Marco; Manini, Elena (Frontiers Media, 2016-06-17)
    Pockmarks are crater-like depression on the seafloor associated with hydrocarbon ascent through muddy sediments in continental shelves around the world. In this study, we examine the diversity and distribution of benthic ...
  • Fungal and prokaryotic activities in the marine subsurface biosphere at Peru Margin and Canterbury Basin inferred from RNA-based analyses and microscopy 

    Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Redou, Vanessa; Beaudoin, David J.; Burgaud, Gaëtan; Edgcomb, Virginia P. (Fromtiers Media, 2016-06-09)
    The deep sedimentary biosphere, extending 100s of meters below the seafloor harbors unexpected diversity of Bacteria, Archaea, and microbial eukaryotes. Far less is known about microbial eukaryotes in subsurface habitats, ...
  • Auditory sensitivity in aquatic animals 

    Lucke, Klaus; Popper, Arthur N.; Hawkins, Anthony D.; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Andre, Michel; Branstetter, Brian K.; Lammers, Marc O.; Radford, Craig A.; Stansbury, Amanda L.; Mooney, T. Aran (Acoustical Society of America, 2016-06-08)
    A critical concern with respect to marine animal acoustics is the issue of hearing “sensitivity,” as it is widely used as a criterion for the onset of noise-induced effects. Important aspects of research on sensitivity to ...
  • Biological effects of 6-formylindolo[3,2-b]carbazole (FICZ) in vivo are enhanced by loss of CYP1A function in an Ahr2-dependent manner 

    Wincent, Emma; Kubota, Akira; Timme-Laragy, Alicia R.; Jonsson, Maria E.; Hahn, Mark; Stegeman, John J. (Elsevier, 2016-04-22)
    6-Formylindolo[3,2-b]carbazole (FICZ) is a potent aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist that is efficiently metabolized by AHR-regulated cytochrome P4501 enzymes. FICZ is a proposed physiological AHR ligand that induces ...
  • Influence of environmental variables on Gambierdiscus spp. (Dinophyceae) growth and distribution 

    Xu, Yixiao; Richlen, Mindy L.; Liefer, Justin D.; Robertson, Alison; Kulis, David; Smith, Tyler; Parsons, Michael L.; Anderson, Donald M. (Public Library of Science, 2016-04-13)
    Benthic dinoflagellates in the genus Gambierdiscus produce the ciguatoxin precursors responsible for the occurrence of ciguatera toxicity. The prevalence of ciguatera toxins in fish has been linked to the presence and ...
  • Estimation of biological parameters of marine organisms using linear and nonlinear acoustic scattering model-based inversion methods 

    Chu, Dezhang; Lawson, Gareth L.; Wiebe, Peter H. (Acoustical Society of America, 2016-05-19)
    The linear inversion commonly used in fisheries and zooplankton acoustics assumes a constant inversion kernel and ignores the uncertainties associated with the shape and behavior of the scattering targets, as well as other ...
  • Biochemical mechanisms for geographical adaptations to novel toxin exposures in butterflyfish 

    Maldonado, Aileen; Lavado, Ramon; Knuston, Sean; Slattery, Marc; Ankisetty, Sridevi; Goldstone, Jared V.; Watanabe, Kayo; Hoh, Eunha; Gadepalli, Rama S.; Rimoldi, John M.; Ostrander, Gary K.; Schlenk, Daniel (Public Library of Science, 2016-05-03)
    Some species of butterflyfish have had preyed upon corals for millions of years, yet the mechanism of butterflyfish specialized coral feeding strategy remains poorly understood. Certain butterflyfish have the ability to ...
  • Longitudinal progesterone profiles in baleen from female North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) match known calving history 

    Hunt, Kathleen E.; Lysiak, Nadine S.; Moore, Michael J.; Rolland, Rosalind M. (Oxford University Press, 2016-03)
    Reproduction of mysticete whales is difficult to monitor, and basic parameters, such as pregnancy rate and inter-calving interval, remain unknown for many populations. We hypothesized that baleen plates (keratinous strips ...
  • Identification of differentially expressed genes from multipotent epithelia at the onset of an asexual development 

    Ricci, Lorenzo; Chaurasia, Ankita; Lapebie, Pascal; Dru, Philippe; Helm, Rebecca R.; Copley, Richard R.; tiozzo, stefano (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-06-06)
    Organisms that have evolved alternative modes of reproduction, complementary to the sexual mode, are found across metazoans. The chordate Botryllus schlosseri is an emerging model for asexual development studies. Botryllus ...
  • Ontogenetic changes in larval swimming and orientation of pre-competent sea urchin Arbacia punctulata in turbulence 

    Wheeler, Jeanette D.; Chan, Kit Yu Karen; Anderson, Erik J.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (Company of Biologists, 2016-05-04)
    Many marine organisms have complex life histories, having sessile adults and relying on the planktonic larvae for dispersal. Larvae swim and disperse in a complex fluid environment and the effect of ambient flow on larval ...
  • Come In, We’re Open: The Changing Culture of Research 

    Strasser, Carly (2016-06-27)
    We are hearing more about open: open data, open access, open source, open science, et cetera. More often, data sharing is requested or required by funders, journals, publishers, and institutions. What does this mean for ...
  • Loudness-dependent behavioral responses and habituation to sound by the longfin squid (Doryteuthis pealeii) 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Samson, Julia E.; Schlunk, Andrea D.; Zacarias, Samantha (2016-05-02)
    Sound is an abundant cue in the marine environment, yet we know little regarding the frequency range and levels which induce behavioral responses in ecologically key marine invertebrates. Here we address the range of sounds ...
  • Merging scleractinian genera : the overwhelming genetic similarity between solitary Desmophyllum and colonial Lophelia 

    Addamo, Anna M.; Vertino, Agostina; Stolarski, Jaroslaw; Garcia-Jimenez, Ricardo; Taviani, Marco; Machordom, Annie (BioMed Central, 2016-05-18)
    In recent years, several types of molecular markers and new microscale skeletal characters have shown potential as powerful tools for phylogenetic reconstructions and higher-level taxonomy of scleractinian corals. Nonetheless, ...
  • A crab swarm at an ecological hotspot : patchiness and population density from AUV observations at a coastal, tropical seamount 

    Pineda, Jesús; Cho, Walter W.; Starczak, Victoria R.; Govindarajan, Annette F.; Guzman, Hector M.; Girdhar, Yogesh; Holleman, Rusty C.; Churchill, James H.; Singh, Hanumant; Ralston, David K. (PeerJ, 2016-04-12)
    A research cruise to Hannibal Bank, a seamount and an ecological hotspot in the coastal eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off Panama, explored the zonation, biodiversity, and the ecological processes that contribute to the ...

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