WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Antagonistic interactions and clutch-dependent sensitivity induce variable responses to ocean acidification and warming in squid (Doryteuthis pealeii) embryos and paralarvae 

    Zakroff, Casey; Mooney, T. Aran (Frontiers Media, 2020-05-20)
    Ocean acidification (OA) and warming seas are significant concerns for coastal systems and species. The Atlantic longfin squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, a core component of the Northwest Atlantic trophic web, has demonstrated ...
  • Auxotrophic interactions: A stabilizing attribute of aquatic microbial communities? 

    Johnson, Winifred M.; Alexander, Harriet; Bier, Raven L.; Miller, Dan R.; Muscarella, Mario E.; Pitz, Kathleen J.; Smith, Heidi (Oxford University Press, 2020-06-10)
    Auxotrophy, or an organism's requirement for an exogenous source of an organic molecule, is widespread throughout species and ecosystems. Auxotrophy can result in obligate interactions between organisms, influencing ecosystem ...
  • Is post-bleaching recovery of Acropora hyacinthus on Palau via spread of local kin groups? 

    Cros, Annick; Toonen, Robert J.; Karl, Stephen A. (Springer Verlag, 2020-01-03)
    Palau suffered massive mortality of reef corals during the 1998 mass bleaching, and understanding recovery from that catastrophic loss is critical to management for future impacts. Many reef species have shown significant ...
  • Marine mammal skin microbiotas are influenced by host phylogeny 

    Apprill, Amy; Miller, Carolyn A.; Van Cise, Amy M.; U'Ren, Jana M.; Leslie, Matthew S.; Weber, Laura; Baird, Robin W.; Robbins, Jooke; Landry, Scott; Bogomolni, Andrea L.; Waring, Gordon T. (The Royal Society, 2020-05-20)
    Skin-associated microorganisms have been shown to play a role in immune function and disease of humans, but are understudied in marine mammals, a diverse animal group that serve as sentinels of ocean health. We examined ...
  • Anomalous delta C-13 in particulate organic carbon at the chemoautotrophy maximum in the Cariaco Basin 

    Scranton, Mary I.; Taylor, Gordon T.; Thunell, Robert C.; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Astor, Yrene; Swart, Peter K.; Edgcomb, Virginia P.; Pachiadaki, Maria G. (Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 2020-01-30)
    A chemoautotrophy maximum is present in many anoxic basins at the sulfidic layer's upper boundary, but the factors controlling this feature are poorly understood. In 13 of 31 cruises to the Cariaco Basin, particulate organic ...
  • Response to: the metabolic cost of whistling is low but measurable in dolphins 

    Pedersen, Michael B.; Fahlman, Andreas; Borque-Espinosa, Alicia; Madsen, Peter T.; Jensen, Frants H. (Company of Biologists, 2020-06-08)
    Costs of sound production have been investigated only sparsely incetaceans, despite recent efforts to understand how increasinganthropogenic noise affects these animals that rely extensively onsound for communication and ...
  • Respiration cycle duration and seawater flux through open blowholes of humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) and North Atlantic right (Eubalaena glacialis) whales 

    Martins, Maria Clara Iruzun; Miller, Carolyn; Hamilton, Philip K.; Robbins, Jooke; Zitterbart, Daniel; Moore, Michael J. (Wiley, 2020-05-29)
    Little is known about the dynamics of baleen whale respiratory cycles, especially the mechanics and activity of the blowholes and their interaction with seawater. In this study, the duration of complete respiration cycles ...
  • Deep-sea debris in the central and western Pacific Ocean 

    Amon, Diva; Kennedy, Brian R. C.; Cantwell, Kasey; Suhre, Kelley; Glickson, Deborah A.; Shank, Timothy M.; Rotjan, Randi (Frontiers Media, 2020-05-27)
    Marine debris is a growing problem in the world’s deep ocean. The naturally slow biological and chemical processes operating at depth, coupled with the types of materials that are used commercially, suggest that debris is ...
  • Ontogenetic variation in the hearing sensitivity of black sea bass (Centropristis striata) and the implications of anthropogenic sound on behavior and communication 

    Stanley, Jenni A.; Caiger, Paul E.; Phelan, Beth; Shelledy, Katharine; Mooney, T. Aran; Van Parijs, Sofie M. (Company of Biologists, 2020-05-27)
    Black sea bass (Centropristis striata) is an important fish species in both commercial and recreational fisheries of southern New England and the mid-Atlantic Bight. Due to the intense urbanization of these waters, this ...
  • Dead cetacean? beach, bloat, float, sink 

    Moore, Michael J.; Mitchell, Glenn H.; Rowles, Teresa K.; Early, Greg A. (Frontiers Media, 2020-05-21)
    Variably buoyant, dead Cetacea may float, or sink and later bloat to refloat if ambient temperature and pressure allow sufficient decomposition gas formation and expansion. Mortality can result from acute or chronic disease, ...
  • Editorial: Ecology and behaviour of free-ranging animals studied by advanced data-logging and tracking techniques 

    Wassmer, Thomas; Jensen, Frants H.; Fahlman, Andreas; Murray, Dennis L. (Frontiers Media, 2020-04-28)
    Many details of the behavior, life history and eco-physiology of animals, even among intensively-studied species, remain unknown. Direct observation is a laborious process only amenable for accessible and non-cryptic ...
  • Influence of larval transport and temperature on recruitment dynamics of North Sea cod (Gadus morhua) across spatial scales of observation 

    Romagnoni, Giovanni; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Dagestad, Knut‐Frode; Eikeset, Anne Maria; Kristiansen, Trond; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Langangen, Øystein (Wiley, 2020-04-12)
    The survival of fish eggs and larvae, and therefore recruitment success, can be critically affected by transport in ocean currents. Combining a model of early‐life stage dispersal with statistical stock–recruitment models, ...
  • Inter-annual decrease in pulse rate and peak frequency of Southeast Pacific blue whale song types 

    Malige, Franck; Patris, Julie; Buchan, Susannah J.; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Shabangu, Fannie; Findlay, Ken; Hucke-Gaete, Rodrigo; Neira, Sergio; Clark, Christopher W.; Glotin, Hervé (Nature Research, 2020-05-15)
    A decrease in the frequency of two southeast Pacific blue whale song types was examined over decades, using acoustic data from several different sources in the eastern Pacific Ocean ranging between the Equator and Chilean ...
  • Dynamics and functional diversity of the smallest phytoplankton on the Northeast US shelf 

    Fowler, Bethany L.; Neubert, Michael G.; Hunter-Cevera, Kristen R.; Olson, Robert J.; Shalapyonok, Alexi; Solow, Andrew R.; Sosik, Heidi M. (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-05-15)
    Picophytoplankton are the most abundant primary producers in the ocean. Knowledge of their community dynamics is key to understanding their role in marine food webs and global biogeochemical cycles. To this end, we analyzed ...
  • Genetic diversity and connectivity of southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) found in the Brazil and Chile-Peru wintering grounds and the South Georgia (Islas Georgias del Sur) feeding ground 

    Carroll, Emma; Ott, Paulo H.; McMillan, Louise F.; Galletti Vernazzani, Bárbara; Neveceralova, Petra; Vermeulen, Els; Gaggiotti, Oscar E.; Andriolo, Artur; Baker, C. Scott; Bamford, Connor; Best, Peter B.; Cabrera, Elsa; Calderan, Susannah; Chirife, Andrea; Fewster, Rachel M.; Flores, Paulo A. C.; Frasier, Timothy; Freitas, Thales R. O.; Groch, Karina; Hulva, Pavel; Kennedy, Amy S.; Leaper, Russell; Leslie, Matthew S.; Moore, Michael J.; Oliveira, Larissa; Seger, Jon; Stepien, Emilie N.; Valenzuela, Luciano; Zerbini, Alexandre N.; Jackson, Jennifer A. (Oxford University Press, 2020-04-29)
    As species recover from exploitation, continued assessments of connectivity and population structure are warranted to provide information for conservation and management. This is particularly true in species with high ...
  • Palaeobiology of Pliocene-Pleistocene shallow-water biocalcarenites (Northern Apennines, Italy) and their relationship with coeval sapropels 

    Cau, Simone; Roveri, Marco; Taviani, Marco (Italian Paleontological Society, 2020-04-10)
    The interplay between carbonate and siliciclastic sediment production in shallow marine environments may result in the development of mixed depositional systems showing a cyclical arrangement of sedimentary facies. The ...
  • Advancing an interdisciplinary framework to study seed dispersal ecology 

    Beckman, Noelle G.; Aslan, Clare E.; Rogers, Haldre S.; Kogan, Oleg; Bronstein, Judith L.; Bullock, James M.; Hartig, Florian; Hille Ris Lambers, Janneke; Zhou, Ying; Zurell, Damaris; Brodie, Jedediah; Bruna, Emilio; Cantrell, Robert Stephen; Decker, Robin; Effiom, Edu; Fricke, Evan; Gurski, Katherine; Hastings, Alan; Johnson, Jeremy; Loiselle, Bette; Miriti, Maria; Neubert, Michael G.; Pejchar, Liba; Poulsen, John R.; Pufal, Gesine; Razafindratsima, Onja; Sandor, Manette; Shea, Katriona; Schreiber, Sebastian; Schupp, Eugene W.; Snell, Rebecca; Strickland, Christopher; Zambrano, Jenny (Oxford University Press, 2019-08-19)
    Although dispersal is generally viewed as a crucial determinant for the fitness of any organism, our understanding of its role in the persistence and spread of plant populations remains incomplete. Generalizing and predicting ...
  • The emperor penguin - vulnerable to projected rates of warming and sea ice loss 

    Trathan, Phil N.; Wienecke, Barbara; Barbraud, Christophe; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Kooyman, Gerald L.; Le Bohec, Céline; Ainley, David G.; Ancel, André; Zitterbart, Daniel; Chown, Steven L.; LaRue, Michelle; Cristofari, Robin; Younger, Jane; Clucas, Gemma V.; Bost, Charles-Andre; Brown, Jennifer A.; Gillett, Harriet J.; Fretwell, Peter T. (Elsevier, 2019-10-08)
    We argue the need to improve climate change forecasting for ecology, and importantly, how to relate long-term projections to conservation. As an example, we discuss the need for effective management of one species, the ...
  • Offshore Neopycnodonte oyster reefs in the Mediterranean Sea 

    Angeletti, Lorenzo; Taviani, Marco (MDPI, 2020-03-05)
    Oysters are important ecosystem engineers best known to produce large bioconstructions at shallow depth, whilst offshore deep-subtidal oyster reefs are less widely known. Oyster reefs engineered by Neopycnodonte cochlear ...
  • Baleen whale acoustic presence and behaviour at a Mid-Atlantic migratory habitat, the Azores Archipelago 

    Romagosa Verges, Miriam; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Cascão, Irma; Lammers, Marc O.; Marques, Tiago A.; Santos, Ricardo S.; Silva, Monica A. (Nature Research, 2020-03-16)
    The identification of important areas during the annual life cycle of migratory animals, such as baleen whales, is vital for their conservation. In boreal springtime, fin and blue whales feed in the Azores on their way to ...

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