WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Happy feet in a hostile world? The future of penguins depends on proactive management of current and expected threats. 

    Ropert-Coudert, Yan; Chiaradia, André; Ainley, David G.; Barbosa, Andres; Boersma, P. Dee; Brasso, Rebecka; Dewar, Meagan; Ellenberg, Ursula; García-Borboroglu, Pablo; Emmerson, Louise M.; Hickcox, Rachel; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Kato, Akiko; McIntosh, Rebecca Ruth; Lewis, Phoebe; Ramírez, Francisco; Ruoppolo, Valeria; Ryan, Peter G.; Seddon, Philip J.; Sherley, Richard Brain; Vanstreels, Ralph E. T.; Waller, Lauren J.; Woehler, Eric; Trathan, Phil N. (Frontiers Media, 2019-05-28)
    Penguins face a wide range of threats. Most observed population changes have been negative and have happened over the last 60 years. Today, populations of 11 penguin species are decreasing. Here we present a review that ...
  • On the occurrence of cytochrome P450 in viruses 

    Lamb, David C.; Follmer, Alec H.; Goldstone, Jared V.; Nelson, David R.; Warrilow, Andrew G.; Price, Claire L.; True, Marie Y.; Kelly, Steven L.; Poulos, Thomas L.; Stegeman, John J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2019-06-05)
    Genes encoding cytochrome P450 (CYP; P450) enzymes occur widely in the Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya, where they play important roles in metabolism of endogenous regulatory molecules and exogenous chemicals. We now report ...
  • Digital three-dimensional imaging techniques provide new analytical pathways for malacological research 

    Ziegler, Alexander; Bock, Christian; Ketten, Darlene R.; Mair, Ross W.; Mueller, Susanne; Nagelmann, Nina; Pracht, Eberhard D.; Schröder, Leif (BioOne Complete, 2018-12-01)
    Research on molluscan specimens is increasingly being carried out using high-throughput molecular techniques. Due to their efficiency, these technologies have effectively resulted in a strong bias towards genotypic analyses. ...
  • The highly toxic and cryptogenic clinging jellyfish Gonionemus sp. (Hydrozoa, Limnomedusae) on the Swedish west coast 

    Govindarajan, Annette F.; Källström, Björn; Selander, Erik; Östman, Carina; Dahlgren, Thomas G. (PeerJ, 2019-05-13)
    The clinging jellyfish Gonionemus sp. is a small hydromedusa species known historically from the Swedish west coast but not reported in recent times. This species is thought to be native to the northwest Pacific where it ...
  • Application of hyperspectral imaging to underwater habitat mapping, Southern Adriatic Sea 

    Foglini, Federica; Grande, Valentina; Marchese, Fabio; Bracchi, Valentina A.; Prampolini, Mariacristina; Angeletti, Lorenzo; Castellan, Giorgio; Chimienti, Giovanni; Hansen, Ingrid M.; Gudmundsen, Magne; Meroni, Agostino N.; Mercorella, Alessandra; Vertino, Agostina; Badalamenti, Fabio; Corselli, Cesare; Erdal, Ivar; Martorelli, Eleonora; Savini, Alessandra; Taviani, Marco (MDPI, 2019-05-16)
    Hyperspectral imagers enable the collection of high-resolution spectral images exploitable for the supervised classification of habitats and objects of interest (OOI). Although this is a well-established technology for the ...
  • Globally consistent quantitative observations of planktonic ecosystems 

    Lombard, Fabien; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Waite, Anya M.; Vogt, Meike; Uitz, Julia; Stemmann, Lars; Sosik, Heidi M.; Schulz, Jan; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste; Picheral, Marc; Pearlman, Jay; Ohman, Mark D.; Niehoff, Barbara; Möller, Klas O.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Lara-Lpez, Ana; Kudela, Raphael M.; Lopes, Rubens M.; Kiko, Rainer; Karp-Boss, Lee; Jaffe, Jules S.; Iversen, Morten H.; Irisson, Jean-Olivier; Fennel, Katja; Hauss, Helena; Guidi, Lionel; Gorsky, Gabriel; Giering, Sarah L. C.; Gaube, Peter; Gallager, Scott M.; Dubelaar, George; Cowen, Robert K.; Carlotti, François; Briseño-Avena, Christian; Berline, Leo; Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.; Bax, Nicholas; Batten, Sonia; Ayata, Sakina Dorothée; Artigas, Luis Felipe; Appeltans, Ward (Frontiers Media, 2019-04-25)
    In this paper we review the technologies available to make globally quantitative observations of particles in general—and plankton in particular—in the world oceans, and for sizes varying from sub-microns to centimeters. ...
  • Diving behavior and fine-scale kinematics of free-ranging Risso's dolphins foraging in shallow and deep-water habitats 

    Arranz, Patricia; Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.; Friedlaender, Ari S.; Hazen, Elliott L.; Goldbogen, Jeremy A.; Stimpert, Alison K.; DeRuiter, Stacy L.; Calambokidis, John; Southall, Brandon L.; Fahlman, Andreas; Tyack, Peter L. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-12)
    Air-breathing marine predators must balance the conflicting demands of oxygen conservation during breath-hold and the cost of diving and locomotion to capture prey. However, it remains poorly understood how predators ...
  • Patterns and drivers of dimethylsulfide concentration in the northeast subarctic Pacific across multiple spatial and temporal scales. 

    Herr, Alysia E.; Kiene, Ronald P.; Dacey, John W. H.; Tortell, Philippe D. (European Geosciences Union, 2019-04-25)
    The northeast subarctic Pacific (NESAP) is a globally important source of the climate-active gas dimethylsulfide (DMS), yet the processes driving DMS variability across this region are poorly understood. Here we examine ...
  • Short-term effect of simulated salt marsh restoration by sand-amendment on sediment bacterial communities 

    Thomas, François; Morris, James T.; Wigand, Cathleen; Sievert, Stefan M. (Public Library of Science, 2019-04-29)
    Coastal climate adaptation strategies are needed to build salt marsh resiliency and maintain critical ecosystem services in response to impacts caused by climate change. Although resident microbial communities perform ...
  • First ROV exploration of the Perth Canyon: Canyon setting, faunal observations, and anthropogenic impacts. 

    Trotter, Julie A.; Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Montagna, Paolo; Taviani, Marco; Falter, James L.; Thresher, Ronald E.; Hosie, Andrew; Haig, David; Foglini, Federica; Hua, Quan; McCulloch, Malcolm (Frontiers Media, 2019-04-12)
    This study represents the first ROV-based exploration of the Perth Canyon, a prominent submarine valley system in the southeast Indian Ocean offshore Fremantle (Perth), Western Australia. This multi-disciplinary study ...
  • Atmospheric electricity influencing biogeochemical processes in soils and sediments 

    Hunting, Ellard R.; Harrison, R. Giles; Bruder, Andreas; van Bodegom, Peter M.; van der Geest, Harm G.; Kampfraath, Andries A.; Vorenhout, Michel; Admiraal, Wim; Cusell, Casper; Gessner, Mark O. (Frontiers Media, 2019-04-16)
    The Earth’s subsurface represents a complex electrochemical environment that contains many electro-active chemical compounds that are relevant for a wide array of biologically driven ecosystem processes. Concentrations of ...
  • Light-dependent grazing can drive formation and deepening of deep chlorophyll maxima 

    Moeller, Holly V.; Laufkötter, Charlotte; Sweeney, Edward M.; Johnson, Matthew D. (Nature Research, 2019-04-24)
    Deep Chlorophyll Maxima (DCMs) are subsurface peaks in chlorophyll-a concentration that may coincide with peaks in phytoplankton abundance and primary productivity. Work on the mechanisms underlying DCM formation has ...
  • Eutrophication governs predator-prey interactions and temperature effects in Aedes aegypti populations. 

    Krol, Louie; Gorsich, Erin E.; Hunting, Ellard R.; Govender, Danny; van Bodegom, Peter M.; Schrama, Maarten (BioMed Central, 2019-04-24)
    Background Mosquito population dynamics are driven by large-scale (e.g. climatological) and small-scale (e.g. ecological) factors. While these factors are known to independently influence mosquito populations, it remains ...
  • Multi-state open robust design applied to opportunistic data reveals dynamics of wide-ranging taxa: The sperm whale case. 

    Boys, Rebecca M.; Oliveira, Claudia; Pérez‐Jorge, Sergi; Prieto, Rui; Steiner, Lisa; Silva, Monica A. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-03-04)
    Capture–mark–recapture methods have been extensively used to estimate abundance, demography, and life history parameters of populations of several taxa. However, the high mobility of many species means that dedicated surveys ...
  • Impacts of developmental exposures to the harmful algal bloom toxin domoic acid on neural development and behavior 

    Panlilio, Jennifer M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    Harmful algal blooms (HABs) can produce potent neurotoxins that accumulate in seafood and affect human health. One HAB toxin of concern is domoic acid (DomA), a glutamate analog produced by the marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia ...
  • Sampling and processing methods impact microbial community structure and potential activity in a seasonally anoxic fjord: Saanich Inlet, British Columbia. 

    Torres-Beltrán, Mónica; Mueller, Andreas; Scofield, Melanie; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Taylor, Craig D.; Tyshchenko, Kateryna; Michiels, Céline; Lam, Phyllis; Ulloa, Osvaldo; Jürgens, Klaus; Hyun, Jung-Ho; Edgcomb, Virginia P.; Crowe, Sean A.; Hallam, Steven J. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-22)
    The Scientific Committee on Oceanographic Research (SCOR) Working Group 144 Microbial Community Responses to Ocean Deoxygenation workshop held in Vancouver, B.C on July 2014 had the primary objective of initiating a process ...
  • Dose-dependence and small-scale variability in responses to ocean acidification during squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, development 

    Zakroff, Casey; Mooney, T. Aran; Berumen, Michael L. (Springer, 2019-04-19)
    Coastal squids lay their eggs on the benthos, leaving them to develop in a dynamic system that is undergoing rapid acidification due to human influence. Prior studies have broadly investigated the impacts of ocean acidification ...
  • Ocean acidification responses in paralarval squid swimming behavior using a novel 3D tracking system 

    Zakroff, Casey; Mooney, T. Aran; Wirth, Colin (Springer Nature, 2017-08-22)
    Chronic embryonic exposure to ocean acidification (OA) has been shown to degrade the aragonitic statolith of paralarval squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, a key structure for their swimming behavior. This study examined if ...
  • Population genomics of rapidly invading lionfish in the Caribbean reveals signals of range expansion in the absence of spatial population structure. 

    Bors, Eleanor K.; Herrera, Santiago; Morris, James A. Jr; Shank, Timothy M. (Wiley Open Access, 2019-02-10)
    Range expansions driven by global change and species invasions may have significant genomic, evolutionary, and ecological implications. During range expansions, strong genetic drift characterized by repeated founder events ...
  • Keeping it light: (re)analyzing community-wide datasets without major infrastructure 

    Alexander, Harriet; Johnson, Lisa K; Brown, C Titus (Oxford University Press, 2018-12-13)
    DNA sequencing technology has revolutionized the field of biology, shifting biology from a data-limited to data-rich state. Central to the interpretation of sequencing data are the computational tools and approaches that ...

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