WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Understanding the combined effects of multiple stressors: a new perspective on a longstanding challenge 

    Pirotta, Enrico; Thomas, Len; Costa, Daniel P.; Hall, Ailsa J.; Harris, Catriona M.; Harwood, John; Kraus, Scott D.; Miller, Patrick J. O.; Moore, Michael J.; Photopoulou, Theoni; Rolland, Rosalind M.; Schwacke, Lori; Simmons, Samantha E.; Southall, Brandon L.; Tyack, Peter L. (Elsevier, 2022-01-29)
    Wildlife populations and their habitats are exposed to an expanding diversity and intensity of stressors caused by human activities, within the broader context of natural processes and increasing pressure from climate ...
  • Ephemeral surface chlorophyll enhancement at the New England shelf break driven by Ekman restratification 

    Oliver, Hilde; Zhang, Weifeng G.; Archibald, Kevin M.; Hirzel, Andrew; Smith, Walker O.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-12-28)
    The Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB) hosts a large and productive marine ecosystem supported by high phytoplankton concentrations. Enhanced surface chlorophyll concentrations at the MAB shelf-break front have been detected in ...
  • In plane sight: a mark-recapture analysis of North Atlantic right whales in the Gulf of St. Lawrence 

    Crowe, Leah M.; Brown, Moira W.; Corkeron, Peter; Hamilton, Philip K.; Ramp, Christian; Ratelle, Stephanie; Vanderlaan, Angelia S. M.; Cole, Tim V. N. (Inter Research, 2021-12-02)
    North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis are most commonly observed along the eastern seaboard of North America; however, their distribution and occupancy patterns have become less predictable in the last decade. ...
  • Pieces in a global puzzle: population genetics at two whale shark aggregations in the western Indian Ocean 

    Hardenstine, Royale S.; He, Song; Cochran, Jesse E. M.; Braun, Camrin D.; Cagua, E. Fernando; Pierce, Simon J.; Prebble, Clare E. M.; Rohner, Christoph A.; Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.; Skomal, Gregory B.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Watts, Alexandra M.; Zakroff, Casey; Berumen, Michael L. (Wiley Open Access, 2022-01-25)
    The whale shark Rhincodon typus is found throughout the world's tropical and warm-temperate ocean basins. Despite their broad physical distribution, research on the species has been concentrated at a few aggregation sites. ...
  • Environmental drivers and trends in forage fish occupancy of the Northeast US shelf 

    Suca, Justin J.; Deroba, Jonathan J.; Richardson, David E.; Ji, Rubao; Llopiz, Joel K. (Oxford University Press, 2021-11-02)
    The Northeast US shelf ecosystem is undergoing unprecedented changes due to long-term warming trends and shifts in regional hydrography leading to changes in community composition. However, it remains uncertain how shelf ...
  • Birds of a feather eat plastic together: high levels of plastic ingestion in Great Shearwater adults and juveniles across their annual migratory cycle 

    Robuck, Anna R.; Hudak, Christine A.; Agvent, Lindsay; Emery, Gwenyth; Ryan, Peter G.; Perold, Vonica; Powers, Kevin D.; Pedersen, Johanna; Thompson, Michael A.; Suca, Justin J.; Moore, Michael J.; Harms, Craig A.; Bugoni, Leandro; Shield, Gina; Glass, Trevor; Wiley, David N.; Lohmann, Rainer (Frontiers Media, 2022-01-05)
    Limited work to date has examined plastic ingestion in highly migratory seabirds like Great Shearwaters (Ardenna gravis) across their entire migratory range. We examined 217 Great Shearwaters obtained from 2008–2019 at ...
  • Detecting climate signals in populations across life histories 

    Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Long, Matthew C.; Coste, Christophe F. D.; Holland, Marika M.; Gamelon, Marlène; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Saether, Bernt-Erik (Wiley, 2021-12-20)
    Climate impacts are not always easily discerned in wild populations as detecting climate change signals in populations is challenged by stochastic noise associated with natural climate variability, variability in biotic ...
  • Bio-GO-SHIP: the time is right to establish global repeat sections of ocean biology 

    Clayton, Sophie A.; Alexander, Harriet; Graff, Jason R.; Poulton, Nicole J.; Thompson, Luke R.; Benway, Heather M.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Martiny, Adam C. (Frontiers Media, 2022-01-10)
    In this article, we present Bio-GO-SHIP, a new ocean observing program that will incorporate sustained and consistent global biological ocean observations into the Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program ...
  • The Earth BioGenome Project 2020: starting the clock 

    Lewin, Harris A.; Richards, Stephen; Miguel L. Allende; Lieberman Aiden, Erez; Archibald, John M.; Bálint, Miklós; Barker, Katharine B.; Baumgartner, Bridget; Belov, Katherine; Bertorelle, Giorgio; Blaxter, Mark; Cai, Jing; Caperello, Nicolette D.; Carlson, Keith; Castilla-Rubio, Juan Carlos; Chaw, Shu-Miaw; Chen, Lei; Childers, Anna K.; Coddington, Jonathan; Conde, Dalia A.; Corominas, Montserrat; Crandall, Keith A.; Crawford, Andrew J.; DiPalma, Federica; Durbin, Richard; Ebenezer, ThankGod E.; Edwards, Scott V.; Fedrigo, Olivier; Flicek, Paul; Formenti, Giulio; Gibbs, Richard A.; Gilbert, M. Thomas P.; Goldstein, Melissa M.; Graves, Jennifer Marshall; Greely, Henry T.; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Hackett, Kevin J.; Hall, Neil; Haussler, David; Helgen, Kristofer M.; Hogg, Carolyn J.; Isobe, Sachiko; Jakobsen, Kjetill S.; Janke, Axel; Jarvis, Erich; Johnson, Warren E.; Jones, Steven J. M.; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Kersey, Paul J.; Kim, Jin-Hyoung; Kress, W. John; Kuraku, Shigehiro; Lawniczak, Mara K. N.; Leebens-Mack, James H.; Li, Xueyan; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Liu, Xin; Lopez, Jose V.; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Mazard, Sophie; Mazet, Jonna A. K.; Mazzoni, Camila J.; Myers, Eugene; O’Neill, Rachel J.; Paez, Sadye; Park, Hyun; Robinson, Gene E.; Roquet, Cristina; Ryder, Oliver A.; Sabir, Jamal S. M.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Shank, Timothy M.; Sherkow, Jacob S.; Soltis, Pamela S.; Tang, Boping; Tedersoo, Leho; Uliano-Silva, Marcela; Wang, Kun; Wei, Xiaofeng; Wetzer, Regina; Wilson, Julia L.; Xu, Xun; Yang, Huanming; Yoder, Anne D.; Zhang, Guojie (National Academy of Sciences, 2022-01-18)
    November 2020 marked 2 y since the launch of the Earth BioGenome Project (EBP), which aims to sequence all known eukaryotic species in a 10-y timeframe. Since then, significant progress has been made across all aspects of ...
  • Allometric relationships of ecologically important Antarctic and Arctic zooplankton and fish species 

    Schaafsma, Fokje L.; David, Carmen L.; Kohlbach, Doreen; Ehrlich, Julia; Castellani, Giulia; Lange, Benjamin A.; Vortkamp, Martina; Meijboom, André; Fortuna-Wünsch, Anna; Immerz, Antonia; Cantzler, Hannelore; Klasmeier, Apasiri; Zakharova, Nadezhda; Schmidt, Katrin; Van de Putte, Anton; van Franeker, Jan A.; Flores, Hauke (Springer, 2022-01-08)
    Allometric relationships between body properties of animals are useful for a wide variety of purposes, such as estimation of biomass, growth, population structure, bioenergetic modelling and carbon flux studies. This study ...
  • Optical, structural and kinematic characteristics of freshwater plumes under landfast sea ice during the spring freshet in the Alaskan coastal Arctic 

    Okkonen, Stephen R.; Laney, Samuel R. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-11-25)
    Rivers deliver freshwater and entrained terrestrial materials into the coastal ocean from adjacent continental landmasses. In the coastal Arctic, a large fraction of terrestrially sourced dissolved and particulate organic ...
  • Stranded beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) calf response and care: reports of two cases with different outcomes 

    Goertz, Caroline; Woodie, Kathy; Long, Brett; Hartman, Lisa; Gaglione, Eric; Christen, Dennis; Clauss, Tonya; Flower, Jennifer; Tuttle, Allison; Richard, Carey; Romano, Tracy; Schmitt, Todd; Otjen, Eric; Osborn, Steve; Aibel, Steve; Binder, Tim; Van Bonn, William; Castellote, Manuel; Mooney, T. Aran; Dennison-Gibby, Sophie; Burek-Huntington, Kathy; Rowles, Teresa K. (Norwegian Polar Institute, 2021-11-26)
    Given the remote, rugged areas belugas typically inhabit and the low rehabilitation success rate with any cetacean, it is rare to have the opportunity to rescue a live-stranded beluga. The Alaska SeaLife Center cared for ...
  • Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) acoustic foraging behavior and applications for long term monitoring 

    Castellote, Manuel; Mooney, T. Aran; Andrews, Russel; DeRuiter, Stacy L.; Lee, Wu-Jung; Ferguson, Megan; Wade, Paul R. (Public Library of Science, 2021-11-30)
    Cook Inlet, Alaska, is home to an endangered and declining population of 279 belugas (Delphinapterus leucas). Recovery efforts highlight a paucity of basic ecological knowledge, impeding the correct assessment of threats ...
  • Impact of shifting subpolar front on phytoplankton dynamics in the western margin of East/Japan Sea 

    Kim, Dongyoung; Ji, Rubao; Park, Hyun Je; Feng, Zhixuan; Jang, Jaebin; Lee, Chung l; Kang, Yun-Ho; Kang, Chang-Keun (Frontiers Media, 2021-12-07)
    A subpolar front (SPF) generated between the East Korea Warm Current (EKWC) and the North Korea Cold Current (NKCC) in the western margin of the East/Japan Sea has shifted northward in recent decades. This study investigated ...
  • Sensitivity of sand lance to shifting prey and hydrography indicates forthcoming change to the northeast US shelf forage fish complex 

    Suca, Justin J.; Wiley, David N.; Silva, Tammy L.; Robuck, Anna R.; Richardson, David E.; Glancy, Sarah G.; Clancey, Emily; Giandonato, Teresa; Solow, Andrew R.; Thompson, Michael A.; Hong, Peter; Baumann, Hannes; Kaufman, Les; Llopiz, Joel K. (Oxford University Press, 2021-01-26)
    Northern sand lance (Ammodytes dubius) and Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) represent the dominant lipid-rich forage fish species throughout the Northeast US shelf and are critical prey for numerous top predators. However, ...
  • Brilliantia kiribatiensis, a new genus and species of Cladophorales (Chlorophyta) from the remote coral reefs of the Southern Line Islands, Pacific Ocean 

    Leliaert, Frederik; Kelly, Emily L. A.; Janouškovec, Jan; Fox, Michael D.; Johnson, Maggie D.; Redfern, Farran M.; Eria, Taati; Haas, Andreas F.; Sala, Enric; Sandin, Stuart A.; Smith, Jennifer E. (Wiley, 2021-12-12)
    The marine green alga Brilliantia kiribatiensis gen. et sp. nov. is described from samples collected from the coral reefs of the Southern Line Islands, Republic of Kiribati, Pacific Ocean. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences ...
  • Differential susceptibility of reef-building corals to deoxygenation reveals remarkable hypoxia tolerance 

    Johnson, Maggie D.; Swaminathan, Sara D.; Nixon, Emily N.; Paul, Valerie J.; Altieri, Andrew (Nature Research, 2021-11-30)
    Ocean deoxygenation threatens the persistence of coastal ecosystems worldwide. Despite an increasing awareness that coastal deoxygenation impacts tropical habitats, there remains a paucity of empirical data on the effects ...
  • Submarine shallow-water fluid emissions and their geomicrobiological imprint: a global overview 

    Caramanna, Giorgio; Sievert, Stefan M.; Bühring, Solveig I. (Frontiers Media, 2021-10-25)
    Submarine fluids emissions in the form of geothermal vents are widespread in a variety of geological settings ranging from volcanic to tectonically active areas. This overview aims to describe representative examples of ...
  • Orphan cytochrome P450 20a1 CRISPR/Cas9 mutants and neurobehavioral phenotypes in zebrafish 

    Brun, Nadja R.; Salanga, Matthew C.; Mora-Zamorano, Francisco X.; Lamb, David C.; Goldstone, Jared V.; Stegeman, John J. (Nature Research, 2021-12-13)
    Orphan cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are those for which biological substrates and function(s) are unknown. Cytochrome P450 20A1 (CYP20A1) is the last human orphan P450 enzyme, and orthologs occur as single genes in every ...
  • An autonomous buoy system for observing spring freshet plumes under landfast sea ice 

    Laney, Samuel R.; Okkonen, Stephen R. (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2021-11-30)
    An ice buoy system was developed to measure oceanographic properties of freshwater plumes that occur in Arctic coastal oceans under landfast sea ice during the spring freshet. By implanting such systems into sea ice weeks ...

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