WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • The Role of Zooplankton in Regulating Carbon Export and Phytoplankton Community Structure: Integrating Models and Observations 

    Archibald, Kevin M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2021-02)
    In this thesis, I explore two topics in plankton ecology with a combination of models and observations. First, I investigate the contribution of zooplankton diel vertical migration (DVM) to the vertical flux of carbon as ...
  • A numerical investigation of wave-supported gravity flow during cold fronts over the Atchafalaya Shelf 

    Zang, Zhengchen; Xue, Z. George; Xu, Kehui; Ozdemir, Celalettin E.; Chen, Qin; Bentley, Samuel J.; Sahin, Cihan (American Geophysical Union, 2020-08-19)
    Wave‐supported fluid mud (WSFM) plays an important role in sediment downslope transport on the continental shelves. In this study, we incorporated WSFM processes in the wave boundary layer (WBL) into the Community Sediment ...
  • Role of C4 carbon fixation in Ulva prolifera, the macroalga responsible for the world's largest green tides 

    Liu, Dongyan; Ma, Qian; Valiela, Ivan; Anderson, Donald M.; Keesing, John K.; Gao, Kunshan; Zhen, Yu; Sun, Xiyan; Wang, Yujue (Nature Research, 2020-09-07)
    Most marine algae preferentially assimilate CO2 via the Calvin-Benson Cycle (C3) and catalyze HCO3− dehydration via carbonic anhydrase (CA) as a CO2-compensatory mechanism, but certain species utilize the Hatch-Slack Cycle ...
  • Ancestral absence of electron transport chains in Patescibacteria and DPANN 

    Beam, Jacob P.; Becraft, Eric D.; Brown, Julia M.; Schulz, Frederik; Jarett, Jessica K.; Bezuidt, Oliver; Poulton, Nicole J.; Clark, Kayla; Dunfield, Peter F.; Ravin, Nikolai V.; Spear, John R.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Kormas, Konstantinos Ar.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Elshahed, Mostafa S.; Barton, Hazel A.; Stott, Matthew B.; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Moser, Duane P.; Onstott, Tullis C.; Woyke, Tanja; Stepanauskas, Ramunas (Frontiers Media, 2020-08-17)
    Recent discoveries suggest that the candidate superphyla Patescibacteria and DPANN constitute a large fraction of the phylogenetic diversity of Bacteria and Archaea. Their small genomes and limited coding potential have ...
  • Listening forward: approaching marine biodiversity assessments using acoustic methods 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Di Iorio, Lucia; Lammers, Marc O.; Lin, Tzu-Hao; Nedelec, Sophie L.; Parsons, Miles; Radford, Craig A.; Urban, Ed; Stanley, Jenni (The Royal Society, 2020-08-26)
    Ecosystems and the communities they support are changing at alarmingly rapid rates. Tracking species diversity is vital to managing these stressed habitats. Yet, quantifying and monitoring biodiversity is often challenging, ...
  • Sediment transport near ship shoal for coastal restoration in the Louisiana Shelf: a model estimate of the year 2017-2018 

    Liu, Haoran; Xu, Kehui; Ou, Yanda; Bales, Robert; Zang, Zhengchen; Xue, Z. George (MDPI, 2020-08-06)
    Ship Shoal has been a high-priority target sand resource for dredging activities to restore the eroding barrier islands in LA, USA. The Caminada and Raccoon Island pits were dredged on and near Ship Shoal, which resulted ...
  • The "Corsica Channel Cold-Water Coral Province" (Mediterranean Sea) 

    Angeletti, Lorenzo; Castellan, Giorgio; Montagna, Paolo; Remia, Alessandro; Taviani, Marco (Frontiers Media, 2020-08-20)
    Over 25 mounds have been identified in the Corsica Channel (Mediterranean Sea) through multibeam bathymetric mapping at depth of 400–430 m, with dimensions ranging from 70 to 330 m, achieving maximum heights of 25 m. Two ...
  • Spectral reflectance of whale skin above the sea surface: a proposed measurement protocol 

    Cubaynes, Hannah C.; Rees, W. Gareth; Jackson, Jennifer A.; Moore, Michael J.; Sformo, Todd L.; McLellan, William A.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; George, John C.; van der Hoop, Julie; Forcada, Jaume; Trathan, Phil N.; Fretwell, Peter T. (Wiley Open Access, 2020-03-10)
    Great whales have been detected using very‐high‐resolution satellite imagery, suggesting this technology could be used to monitor whales in remote areas. However, the application of this method to whale studies is at an ...
  • Global variability in seawater Mg:Ca and Sr:Ca ratios in the modern ocean 

    Lebrato, Mario; Garbe-Schonberg, Dieter; Müller, Marius N.; Blanco-Ameijeiras, Sonia; Feely, Richard A.; Lorenzoni, Laura; Molinero, Juan-Carlos; Bremer, Karen; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Iglesias-Rodriguez, M. Debora; Greeley, Dana; Lamare, Miles D.; Paulmier, Aurelien; Graco, Michelle; Cartes, Joan; Barcelos e Ramos, Joana; de Lara, Ana; Sanchez-Leal, Ricardo; Jimenez, Paz; Paparazzo, Flavio E.; Hartman, Susan; Westernströer, Ulrike; Küter, Marie; Benavides, Roberto; da Silva, Armindo F.; Bell, Steven; Payne, Chris; Olafsdottir, Solveig R.; Robinson, Kelly; Jantunen, Liisa M.; Korablev, Alexander; Webster, Richard J.; Jones, Elizabeth M.; Gilg, Olivier; Bailly du Bois, Pascal; Beldowski, Jacek; Ashjian, Carin J.; Yahia, Nejib D.; Twining, Benjamin S.; Chen, Xue-Gang; Tseng, Li-Chun; Hwang, Jiang-Shiou; Dahms, Hans-Uwe; Oschlies, Andreas (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-07-17)
    Seawater Mg:Ca and Sr:Ca ratios are biogeochemical parameters reflecting the Earth–ocean–atmosphere dynamic exchange of elements. The ratios’ dependence on the environment and organisms' biology facilitates their application ...
  • Characterization of deep-sea benthic invertebrate megafauna of the Galapagos Islands 

    Salinas-de-León, Pelayo; Martí-Puig, Patricia; Buglass, Salome; Arnés-Urgellés, Camila; Rastoin-Laplane, Etienne; Creemers, Marie; Cairns, Stephen; Fisher, Charles R.; O’Hara, Timothy; Ott, Bruce; Raineault, Nicole A.; Reiswig, Henry; Rouse, Greg W.; Rowley, Sonia; Shank, Timothy M.; Suarez, Jenifer; Watling, Les; Wicksten, Mary K.; Marsh, Leigh (Nature Research, 2020-08-17)
    The deep sea represents the largest and least explored biome on the planet. Despite the iconic status of the Galapagos Islands and being considered one of the most pristine locations on earth, the deep-sea benthic ecosystems ...
  • Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 produced by Dinophysis norvegica in the Gulf of Maine, USA and its accumulation in shellfish 

    Deeds, Jonathan R.; Stutts, Whitney L.; Celiz, Mary Dawn; MacLeod, Jill; Hamilton, Amy E.; Lewis, Bryant J.; Miller, David W.; Kanwit, Kohl; Smith, Juliette L.; Kulis, David M.; McCarron, Pearse; Rauschenberg, Carlton D.; Burnell, Craig A.; Archer, Stephen D.; Borchert, Jerry; Lankford, Shelley K. (Toxins, 2020-08-20)
    Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 (dihydro-DTX1, (M-H)−m/z 819.5), described previously from a marine sponge but never identified as to its biological source or described in shellfish, was detected in multiple species of commercial ...
  • Viral elements and their potential influence on microbial processes along the permanently stratified Cariaco Basin redoxcline 

    Mara, Paraskevi; Vik, Dean; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Suter, Elizabeth A.; Poulos, Bonnie; Taylor, Gordon T.; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Edgcomb, Virginia P. (Springer Nature, 2020-08-14)
    Little is known about viruses in oxygen-deficient water columns (ODWCs). In surface ocean waters, viruses are known to act as gene vectors among susceptible hosts. Some of these genes may have metabolic functions and are ...
  • A 1000-yr-old tsunami in the Indian Ocean points to greater risk for East Africa 

    Maselli, Vittorio; Oppo, Davide; Moore, Andrew L.; Gusman, Aditya Riadi; Mtelela, Cassy; Iacopini, David; Taviani, Marco; Mjema, Elinaza; Mulaya, Ernest; Che, Melody; Tomioka, Ai Lena; Mshiu, Elisante; Ortiz, Joseph D. (Geological Society of America, 2020-05-12)
    The December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman tsunami prompted an unprecedented research effort to find ancient precursors and quantify the recurrence time of such a deadly natural disaster. This effort, however, has focused primarily ...
  • Global-scale genetic structure of a cosmopolitan cold-water coral species 

    Addamo, Anna M.; Miller, Karen J.; Häussermann, Vreni; Taviani, Marco; Machordom, Annie (Wiley, 2020-07-31)
    1. When considering widely distributed marine organisms with low dispersal capabilities, there is often an implication that the distribution of cosmopolitan species is an artefact of taxonomy, constrained by the absence ...
  • Microbial succession during the transition from active to inactive stages of deep-sea hydrothermal vent sulfide chimneys 

    Hou, Jialin; Sievert, Stefan M.; Wang, Yinzhao; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Natarajan, Vengadesh Perumal; Wang, Fengping; Xiao, Xiang (BMC, 2020-06-30)
    Background Deep-sea hydrothermal vents are highly productive biodiversity hotspots in the deep ocean supported by chemosynthetic microorganisms. Prominent features of these systems are sulfide chimneys emanating ...
  • Acoustic and oceanographic observations collected during the Nomans Island experiment in Spring 2017 

    Johnson, Hansen D.; Newhall, Arthur E.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Baumgartner, Mark F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2020-07)
    The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has developed a digital acoustic monitoring (DMON) instrument and low-frequency detection and classification system (LFDCS) to detect and classify baleen whales in near ...
  • Distribution of Water Masses on the Northeast U.S. Shelf: presentation slides and links to electronic notebook and code 

    Butler, Ayanna (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2020-08-07)
    The water above the Northeast U.S Shelf is home to many different species, and environmental conditions can change the abundance and location of these species. Within our oceans are water masses, pockets of water with their ...
  • Current research, pressing issues, and lingering questions in marine invasion science: lessons from the Tenth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions (ICMB-X) 

    Fowler, Amy E.; Blakeslee, April M. H.; Bortolus, Alejandro; Dias, P. Joana; Tepolt, Carolyn K.; Schwindt, Evangelina (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2020-03-21)
    Research on marine bioinvasions is an inherently international collaboration. Species range boundaries have become more fluid in recent decades as a result of enhanced human globalization, leading to species translocations ...
  • Exploring movement patterns and changing distributions of baleen whales in the western North Atlantic using a decade of passive acoustic data 

    Davis, Genevieve E.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Corkeron, Peter; Bell, Joel; Berchok, Catherine L.; Bonnell, Julianne M.; Bort Thornton, Jacqueline; Brault, Solange; Buchanan, Gary; Cholewiak, Danielle; Clark, Christopher W.; Delarue, Julien; Hatch, Leila; Klinck, Holger; Kraus, Scott D.; Martin, Bruce; Mellinger, David K.; Moors-Murphy, Hilary; Nieukirk, Sharon; Nowacek, Douglas P.; Parks, Susan E.; Parry, Dawn; Pegg, Nicole; Read, Andrew J.; Rice, Aaron N.; Risch, Denise; Scott, Alyssa; Soldevilla, Melissa; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Stanistreet, Joy; Summers, Erin; Todd, Sean; Van Parijs, Sofie M. (Wiley, 2020-05-25)
    Six baleen whale species are found in the temperate western North Atlantic Ocean, with limited information existing on the distribution and movement patterns for most. There is mounting evidence of distributional shifts ...
  • Population comparison of right whale body condition reveals poor state of the North Atlantic right whale 

    Christiansen, Fredrik; Dawson, Stephen M.; Durban, John W.; Fearnbach, Holly; Miller, Carolyn A.; Bejder, Lars; Uhart, Marcela; Sironi, Mariano; Corkeron, Peter; Rayment, William; Leunissen, Eva; Haria, Eashani; Ward, Rhianne; Warick, Hunter A.; Kerr, Iain; Lynn, Morgan S.; Pettis, Heather M.; Moore, Michael J. (Inter Research, 2020-04-23)
    The North Atlantic right whale Eubalaena glacialis (NARW), currently numbering <410 individuals, is on a trajectory to extinction. Although direct mortality from ship strikes and fishing gear entanglements remain the major ...

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