WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Persistent near real-time passive acoustic monitoring for baleen whales from a moored buoy: System description and evaluation 

    Baumgartner, Mark F.; Bonnell, Julianne M.; Van Parijs, Sofie M.; Corkeron, Peter; Hotchkin, Cara; Ball, Keenan R.; Pelletier, Léo‐Paul; Partan, James W.; Peters, Donald B.; Kemp, John N.; Pietro, Jeff; Newhall, Kris; Stokes, Andrew; Cole, Timothy V. N.; Quintana, Ester; Kraus, Scott D. (Wiley, 2019-06-24)
    1. Managing interactions between human activities and marine mammals often relies on an understanding of the real‐time distribution or occurrence of animals. Visual surveys typically cannot provide persistent monitoring ...
  • ILTER - the International Long-Term Ecological Research Network as a platform for global coastal and ocean observation 

    Muelbert, Jose H.; Nidzieko, Nicholas J.; Acosta, Alicia T. R.; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Bernardino, Angelo F.; Boikova, Elmira; Bornman, Thomas G.; Cataletto, Bruno; Deneudt, Klaas; Eliason, Erika; Kraberg, Alexandra; Nakaoka, Masahiro; Pugnetti, Alessandra; Ragueneau, Olivier; Scharfe, Mirco; Soltwedel, Thomas; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stanisci, Angela; Stefanova, Kremena; Stéphan, Pierre; Stier, Adrian; Wikner, Johan; Zingone, Adriana (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-28)
    Understanding the threats to global biodiversity and ecosystem services posed by human impacts on coastal and marine environments requires the establishment and maintenance of ecological observatories that integrate the ...
  • It's about time: A synthesis of changing phenology in the Gulf of Maine ecosystem 

    Staudinger, Michelle D.; Mills, Katherine E.; Stamieszkin, Karen; Record, Nicholas R.; Hudak, Christine A.; Allyn, Andrew; Diamond, Antony; Friedland, Kevin D.; Golet, Walt; Henderson, Meghan Elisabeth; Hernandez, Christina M.; Huntington, Thomas G.; Ji, Rubao; Johnson, Catherine L.; Johnson, David Samuel; Jordaan, Adrian; Kocik, John; Li, Yun; Liebman, Matthew; Nichols, Owen C.; Pendleton, Daniel; Richards, R. Anne; Robben, Thomas; Thomas, Andrew C.; Walsh, Harvey J.; Yakola, Keenan (Wiley, 2019-04-22)
    The timing of recurring biological and seasonal environmental events is changing on a global scale relative to temperature and other climate drivers. This study considers the Gulf of Maine ecosystem, a region of high social ...
  • Intraguild predation enables coexistence of competing phytoplankton in a well-mixed water column 

    Moeller, Holly V.; Neubert, Michael G.; Johnson, Matthew D. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-08-28)
    Resource competition theory predicts that when two species compete for a single, finite resource, the better competitor should exclude the other. However, in some cases, weaker competitors can persist through intraguild ...
  • Water mass evolution and circulation of the northeastern Chukchi Sea in summer: Implications for nutrient distributions 

    Lin, Peigen; Pickart, Robert S.; McRaven, Leah T.; Arrigo, Kevin R.; Bahr, Frank; Lowry, Kate E.; Stockwell, Dean A.; Mordy, Calvin W. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-07)
    Synoptic and historical shipboard data, spanning the period 1981–2017, are used to investigate the seasonal evolution of water masses on the northeastern Chukchi shelf and quantify the circulation patterns and their impact ...
  • Demographic and population responses of an apex predator to climate and its prey: A long-term study of South Polar Skuas 

    Pacoureau, Nathan; Delord, Karine; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Barbraud, Christophe (Ecological Society of America, 2019-07-22)
    Ecologists widely acknowledge that a complex interplay of endogenous (density‐dependent) and exogenous (density‐independent) factors impact demographic processes. Individuals respond differently to those forces, ultimately ...
  • A kleptoplastidic dinoflagellate and the tipping point between transient and fully integrated plastid endosymbiosis 

    Hehenberger, Elisabeth; Gast, Rebecca J.; Keeling, Patrick J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2019-09-03)
    Plastid endosymbiosis has been a major force in the evolution of eukaryotic cellular complexity, but how endosymbionts are integrated is still poorly understood at a mechanistic level. Dinoflagellates, an ecologically ...
  • Molecular phylogeny of the parasitic dinoflagellate Syltodinium listii (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) and generic transfer of Syltodinium undulans comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium undulans) 

    Gómez, Fernando; Artigas, Luis Felipe; Gast, Rebecca J. (Elsevier, 2019-09-17)
    The parasitic dinoflagellate Syltodinium listii was investigated from the open waters of the English Channel and the NW Mediterranean Sea. Syltodinium listii has been unreported since its original description in the North ...
  • Variations in rates of biological production in the Beaufort Gyre as the arctic changes: Rates from 2011 to 2016 

    Ji, Brenda Y.; Sandwith, Zoe O.; Williams, William J.; Diaconescu, Oana; Ji, Rubao; Li, Yun; Van Scoy, Emma; Yamamoto-Kawai, Michiyo; Zimmermann, Sarah; Stanley, Rachel H. R. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-30)
    The Arctic Ocean is experiencing profound environmental changes as the climate warms. Understanding how these changes will affect Arctic biological productivity is key for predicting future Arctic ecosystems and the global ...
  • Mesoscale eddies release pelagic sharks from thermal constraints to foraging in the ocean twilight zone 

    Braun, Camrin D.; Gaube, Peter; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.; Skomal, Gregory B.; Thorrold, Simon R. (National Academy of Sciences, 2019-08-06)
    Mesoscale eddies are critical components of the ocean’s “internal weather” system. Mixing and stirring by eddies exerts significant control on biogeochemical fluxes in the open ocean, and eddies may trap distinctive plankton ...
  • Extracellular superoxide production by key microbes in the global ocean 

    Sutherland, Kevin M.; Coe, Allison; Gast, Rebecca J.; Plummer, Sydney; Suffridge, Christopher; Diaz, Julia M.; Bowman, Jeff S.; Wankel, Scott D.; Hansel, Colleen M. (Wiley, 2019-07-10)
    Bacteria and eukaryotes produce the reactive oxygen species superoxide both within and outside the cell. Although superoxide is typically associated with the detrimental and sometimes fatal effects of oxidative stress, it ...
  • Transmission beam pattern and dynamics of a spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) 

    Smith, Adam B.; Pacini, Aude F.; Nachtigall, Paul E.; Laule, Gail E.; Aragones, Lemnuel V.; Magno, Carlo; Suarez, Leo J. A. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-06-19)
    Toothed whales possess a sophisticated biosonar system by which ultrasonic clicks are projected in a highly directional transmission beam. Beam directivity is an important biosonar characteristic that reduces acoustic ...
  • Ontogenetic change in predicted acoustic pressure sensitivity in larval red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) 

    Salas, Andria K.; Wilson, Preston S.; Fuiman, Lee A. (Company of Biologists, 2019-08-16)
    Detecting acoustic pressure can improve a fish's survival and fitness through increased sensitivity to environmental sounds. Pressure detection results from interactions between the swim bladder and otoliths. In larval ...
  • Marine reserves and optimal dynamic harvesting when fishing damages habitat 

    Kelly, Michael R., Jr.; Neubert, Michael G.; Lenhart, Suzanne (Springer, 2019-06)
    Marine fisheries are a significant source of protein for many human populations. In some locations, however, destructive fishing practices have negatively impacted the quality of fish habitat and reduced the habitat’s ...
  • Augmenting biologging with supervised machine learning to study in situ behavior of the medusa Chrysaora fuscescens 

    Fannjiang, Clara; Mooney, T. Aran; Cones, Seth; Mann, David; Shorter, K. Alex; Katija, Kakani (Company of Biologists, 2019-08-23)
    Zooplankton play critical roles in marine ecosystems, yet their fine-scale behavior remains poorly understood because of the difficulty in studying individuals in situ. Here, we combine biologging with supervised machine ...
  • A compilation of global bio-optical in situ data for ocean-colour satellite applications - version two 

    Valente, André; Sathyendranath, Shubha; Brotas, Vanda; Groom, Steven; Grant, Michael; Taberner, Malcolm; Antoine, David; Arnone, Robert; Balch, William M.; Barker, Kathryn; Barlow, Ray; Belanger, Simon; Berthon, Jean-François; Besiktepe, Sukru; Borsheim, Yngve; Bracher, Astrid; Brando, Vittorio; Canuti, Elisabetta; Chavez, Francisco P.; Cianca, Andrés; Claustre, Hervé; Clementson, Lesley; Crout, Richard; Frouin, Robert; García-Soto, Carlos; Gibb, Stuart W.; Gould, Richard; Hooker, Stanford B.; Kahru, Mati; Kampel, Milton; Klein, Holger; Kratzer, Susanne; Kudela, Raphael M.; Ledesma, Jesus; Loisel, Hubert; Matrai, Patricia A.; McKee, David; Mitchell, Brian G.; Moisan, Tiffany; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; O'Dowd, Leonie; Ondrusek, Michael; Platt, Trevor; Poulton, Alex J.; Repecaud, Michel; Schroeder, Thomas; Smyth, Timothy; Smythe-Wright, Denise; Sosik, Heidi M.; Twardowski, Michael; Vellucci, Vincenzo; Voss, Kenneth; Werdell, Jeremy; Wernand, Marcel; Wright, Simon; Zibordi, Giuseppe (Copernicus Publications, 2019-07-15)
    A global compilation of in situ data is useful to evaluate the quality of ocean-colour satellite data records. Here we describe the data compiled for the validation of the ocean-colour products from the ESA Ocean Colour ...
  • Evidence and patterns of tuna spawning inside a large no-take marine protected area 

    Hernández, Christina M.; Witting, Jan H.; Willis, Claire; Thorrold, Simon R.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Rotjan, Randi (Nature Research, 2019-07-24)
    The Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA), one of the world’s largest marine protected areas, represents 11% of the exclusive economic zone of the Republic of Kiribati, which earns much of its GDP by selling tuna fishing ...
  • Phytoplankton light absorption in the deep chlorophyll maximum layer of the Black Sea 

    Churilova, Tanya; Suslin, Vyacheslav; Sosik, Heidi M.; Efimova, Tatiana; Moiseeva, N.; Moncheva, Snejana; Mukhanov, Vladimir; Rylkov, Olga Alexandrovna; Krivenko, O. (Informa UK, 2019)
    Bio-optical data, obtained during six cruises in the Black Sea carried out during periods of seasonal stratification in years between 1996 and 2016, have been used to parametrize phytoplankton light absorption (aph(λ)) in ...
  • Ectoparasite burden influences the denning behavior of a small desert carnivore 

    Kluever, Bryan M.; Iles, David T.; Gese, Eric M. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-05-17)
    Quantifying the impacts of parasitism on a host can be arduous and is generally understudied for ectoparasites, with known works being either laboratory‐focused, correlational‐based, or only focusing on a few species and ...
  • Ocean time series observations of changing marine ecosystems: An era of integration, synthesis, and societal applications 

    Benway, Heather M.; Lorenzoni, Laura; White, Angelicque E.; Fiedler, Björn; Levine, Naomi M.; Nicholson, David P.; DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Church, Matthew J.; O'Brien, Todd D.; Leinen, Margaret S.; Weller, Robert A.; Karl, David M.; Henson, Stephanie A.; Letelier, Ricardo M. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-12)
    Sustained ocean time series are critical for characterizing marine ecosystem shifts in a time of accelerating, and at times unpredictable, changes. They represent the only means to distinguish between natural and anthropogenic ...

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