WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Variations in rates of biological production in the Beaufort Gyre as the arctic changes: Rates from 2011 to 2016 

    Ji, Brenda Y.; Sandwith, Zoe O.; Williams, William J.; Diaconescu, Oana; Ji, Rubao; Li, Yun; Van Scoy, Emma; Yamamoto-Kawai, Michiyo; Zimmermann, Sarah; Stanley, Rachel H. R. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-30)
    The Arctic Ocean is experiencing profound environmental changes as the climate warms. Understanding how these changes will affect Arctic biological productivity is key for predicting future Arctic ecosystems and the global ...
  • Mesoscale eddies release pelagic sharks from thermal constraints to foraging in the ocean twilight zone 

    Braun, Camrin D.; Gaube, Peter; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.; Skomal, Gregory B.; Thorrold, Simon R. (National Academy of Sciences, 2019-08-06)
    Mesoscale eddies are critical components of the ocean’s “internal weather” system. Mixing and stirring by eddies exerts significant control on biogeochemical fluxes in the open ocean, and eddies may trap distinctive plankton ...
  • Extracellular superoxide production by key microbes in the global ocean 

    Sutherland, Kevin M.; Coe, Allison; Gast, Rebecca J.; Plummer, Sydney; Suffridge, Christopher; Diaz, Julia M.; Bowman, Jeff S.; Wankel, Scott D.; Hansel, Colleen M. (Wiley, 2019-07-10)
    Bacteria and eukaryotes produce the reactive oxygen species superoxide both within and outside the cell. Although superoxide is typically associated with the detrimental and sometimes fatal effects of oxidative stress, it ...
  • Transmission beam pattern and dynamics of a spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) 

    Smith, Adam B.; Pacini, Aude F.; Nachtigall, Paul E.; Laule, Gail E.; Aragones, Lemnuel V.; Magno, Carlo; Suarez, Leo J. A. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-06-19)
    Toothed whales possess a sophisticated biosonar system by which ultrasonic clicks are projected in a highly directional transmission beam. Beam directivity is an important biosonar characteristic that reduces acoustic ...
  • Ontogenetic change in predicted acoustic pressure sensitivity in larval red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) 

    Salas, Andria K.; Wilson, Preston S.; Fuiman, Lee A. (Company of Biologists, 2019-08-16)
    Detecting acoustic pressure can improve a fish's survival and fitness through increased sensitivity to environmental sounds. Pressure detection results from interactions between the swim bladder and otoliths. In larval ...
  • Marine reserves and optimal dynamic harvesting when fishing damages habitat 

    Kelly, Michael R., Jr.; Neubert, Michael G.; Lenhart, Suzanne (Springer, 2019-06)
    Marine fisheries are a significant source of protein for many human populations. In some locations, however, destructive fishing practices have negatively impacted the quality of fish habitat and reduced the habitat’s ...
  • Augmenting biologging with supervised machine learning to study in situ behavior of the medusa Chrysaora fuscescens 

    Fannjiang, Clara; Mooney, T. Aran; Cones, Seth; Mann, David; Shorter, K. Alex; Katija, Kakani (Company of Biologists, 2019-08-23)
    Zooplankton play critical roles in marine ecosystems, yet their fine-scale behavior remains poorly understood because of the difficulty in studying individuals in situ. Here, we combine biologging with supervised machine ...
  • A compilation of global bio-optical in situ data for ocean-colour satellite applications - version two 

    Valente, André; Sathyendranath, Shubha; Brotas, Vanda; Groom, Steven; Grant, Michael; Taberner, Malcolm; Antoine, David; Arnone, Robert; Balch, William M.; Barker, Kathryn; Barlow, Ray; Belanger, Simon; Berthon, Jean-François; Besiktepe, Sukru; Borsheim, Yngve; Bracher, Astrid; Brando, Vittorio; Canuti, Elisabetta; Chavez, Francisco P.; Cianca, Andrés; Claustre, Hervé; Clementson, Lesley; Crout, Richard; Frouin, Robert; García-Soto, Carlos; Gibb, Stuart W.; Gould, Richard; Hooker, Stanford B.; Kahru, Mati; Kampel, Milton; Klein, Holger; Kratzer, Susanne; Kudela, Raphael M.; Ledesma, Jesus; Loisel, Hubert; Matrai, Patricia A.; McKee, David; Mitchell, Brian G.; Moisan, Tiffany; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; O'Dowd, Leonie; Ondrusek, Michael; Platt, Trevor; Poulton, Alex J.; Repecaud, Michel; Schroeder, Thomas; Smyth, Timothy; Smythe-Wright, Denise; Sosik, Heidi M.; Twardowski, Michael; Vellucci, Vincenzo; Voss, Kenneth; Werdell, Jeremy; Wernand, Marcel; Wright, Simon; Zibordi, Giuseppe (Copernicus Publications, 2019-07-15)
    A global compilation of in situ data is useful to evaluate the quality of ocean-colour satellite data records. Here we describe the data compiled for the validation of the ocean-colour products from the ESA Ocean Colour ...
  • Evidence and patterns of tuna spawning inside a large no-take marine protected area 

    Hernández, Christina M.; Witting, Jan H.; Willis, Claire; Thorrold, Simon R.; Llopiz, Joel K.; Rotjan, Randi (Nature Research, 2019-07-24)
    The Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA), one of the world’s largest marine protected areas, represents 11% of the exclusive economic zone of the Republic of Kiribati, which earns much of its GDP by selling tuna fishing ...
  • Phytoplankton light absorption in the deep chlorophyll maximum layer of the Black Sea 

    Churilova, Tanya; Suslin, Vyacheslav; Sosik, Heidi M.; Efimova, Tatiana; Moiseeva, N.; Moncheva, Snejana; Mukhanov, Vladimir; Rylkov, Olga Alexandrovna; Krivenko, O. (Informa UK, 2019)
    Bio-optical data, obtained during six cruises in the Black Sea carried out during periods of seasonal stratification in years between 1996 and 2016, have been used to parametrize phytoplankton light absorption (aph(λ)) in ...
  • Ectoparasite burden influences the denning behavior of a small desert carnivore 

    Kluever, Bryan M.; Iles, David T.; Gese, Eric M. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-05-17)
    Quantifying the impacts of parasitism on a host can be arduous and is generally understudied for ectoparasites, with known works being either laboratory‐focused, correlational‐based, or only focusing on a few species and ...
  • Ocean time series observations of changing marine ecosystems: An era of integration, synthesis, and societal applications 

    Benway, Heather M.; Lorenzoni, Laura; White, Angelicque E.; Fiedler, Björn; Levine, Naomi M.; Nicholson, David P.; DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Church, Matthew J.; O'Brien, Todd D.; Leinen, Margaret S.; Weller, Robert A.; Karl, David M.; Henson, Stephanie A.; Letelier, Ricardo M. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-12)
    Sustained ocean time series are critical for characterizing marine ecosystem shifts in a time of accelerating, and at times unpredictable, changes. They represent the only means to distinguish between natural and anthropogenic ...
  • Re-assembly, quality evaluation, and annotation of 678 microbial eukaryotic reference transcriptomes 

    Johnson, Lisa K.; Alexander, Harriet; Brown, C. Titus (Oxford University Press, 2019-04)
    Background: De novo transcriptome assemblies are required prior to analyzing RNA sequencing data from a species without an existing reference genome or transcriptome. Despite the prevalence of transcriptomic studies, the ...
  • Mitochondrial genotype influences the response to cold stress in the European green crab Carcinus maenas 

    Coyle, Aidan F.; Voss, Erin R.; Tepolt, Carolyn K.; Carlon, David B. (Company of Biologists, 2019-07-08)
    Hybrid zones provide natural experiments in recombination within and between genomes that may have strong effects on organismal fitness. On the East Coast of North America, two distinct lineages of the European green crab ...
  • Diversity and distribution of nearshore barnacle cyprids in southern California through the 2015-16 El Nino 

    Hagerty, Malloree L.; Reyns, Nathalie B.; Pineda, Jesus; Govindarajan, Annette F. (PeerJ, 2019-07-01)
    Abundance, species diversity, and horizontal distributions of barnacle cyprids offshore of La Jolla, southern California were described from May 2014 to August 2016 to determine how the nearshore barnacle larval assemblage ...
  • Estimating connectivity of hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae in Barnegat Bay 

    Goodwin, Jacob D.; Munroe, Daphne M.; Defne, Zafer; Ganju, Neil K.; Vasslides, James (MDPI, 2019-06-01)
    Many marine organisms have a well-known adult sessile stage. Unfortunately, our lack of knowledge regarding their larval transient stage hinders our understanding of their basic ecology and connectivity. Larvae can have ...
  • Physiological and behavioral responses, and their variability, in squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, embryos and paralarvae reared under chronic ocean acidification 

    Zakroff, Casey (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    Ocean acidification (OA) and related stressors, like warming, are occurring rapidly in coastal systems. There is concern about the impacts these stressors may have on the early development of species that use the nearshore ...
  • Single cell genomics-based analysis of gene content and expression of prophages in a diffuse-flow deep-sea hydrothermal system 

    Labonté, Jessica M.; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Fergusson, Elizabeth; McNichol, Jesse C.; Grosche, Ashley; Gulmann, Lara K.; Vetriani, Costantino; Sievert, Stefan M.; Stepanauskas, Ramunas (Frontiers Media, 2019-06-12)
    Phage–host interactions likely play a major role in the composition and functioning of many microbiomes, yet remain poorly understood. Here, we employed single cell genomics to investigate phage–host interactions in a ...
  • Rapid climate-driven circulation changes threaten conservation of endangered North Atlantic right whales. 

    Record, Nicholas R.; Runge, Jeffrey A.; Pendleton, Daniel E.; Balch, William M.; Davies, Kimberley T.A.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Johnson, Catherine L.; Stamieszkin, Karen; Ji, Rubao; Feng, Zhixuan; Kraus, Scott D.; Kenney, Robert D.; Hudak, Christy A.; Mayo, Charles A.; Chen, Changsheng; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Thompson, Cameron R.S. (Oceanography Society, 2019-05-03)
    As climate trends accelerate, ecosystems will be pushed rapidly into new states, reducing the potential efficacy of conservation strategies based on historical patterns. In the Gulf of Maine, climate-driven changes have ...
  • Ropeless fishing to prevent large whale entanglements: Ropeless Consortium report 

    Myers, Hannah J.; Moore, Michael J.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Brillant, Sean W.; Katona, Steven K.; Knowlton, Amy R.; Morissette, Lyne; Pettis, Heather M.; Shester, Geoff; Werner, Timothy B. (Elsevier, 2019-06-22)
    The 2017 North Atlantic right whale (NARW) unusual mortality event and an increase in humpback whale entanglements off the U.S. West Coast have driven significant interest in ropeless trap/pot fishing. Removing the vertical ...

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