Numerical modeling of three-dimensional stratified tidal flow over Camarinal Sill, Strait of Gibraltar
Sanchez-Garrido, J. C.
García Lafuente, J.
Pratt, Lawrence J.
MetadataShow full item record
The baroclinic response to barotropic tidal forcing in the Camarinal Sill area, within the Strait of Gibraltar, is investigated with a three-dimensional, fully nonlinear, nonhydrostatic numerical model. The aim of numerical efforts was the assessment of three-dimensional effects, which are potentially significant in the area because of rather irregular bottom topography, variable background stratification, and complex structure of barotropic tides. Model results reveal a complex baroclinic response under relatively moderate flood tidal currents, which includes the formation of internal hydraulic jumps upstream of the sill, internal cross waves close to the channel walls, and a plunging pycnocline at the lee side of the sill crest. These structures exhibit significant cross-channel spatial dependence and may appear to be aligned together across the channel. This fact makes their identification difficult from the surface pattern captured by remote sensing images. Under strong barotropic forcing (spring tides) the upstream hydraulic jumps are shifted to the lee side of Camarinal Sill, where a single internal hydraulic jump is formed. Significant first- and second-mode hydraulic jumps are also generated near smaller secondary sills in Tangier basin, thus extending the occurrence of intense water mixing and energy dissipation to other zones of the strait.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): C12026, doi:10.1029/2011JC007093.
Suggested CitationArticle: Sanchez-Garrido, J. C., Sannino, Gianmaria, Liberti, L., García Lafuente, J., Pratt, Lawrence J., "Numerical modeling of three-dimensional stratified tidal flow over Camarinal Sill, Strait of Gibraltar", Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): C12026, DOI:10.1029/2011JC007093, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/4993
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Frankignoul, Claude; Joyce, Terrence M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-04)The relation between internal wave variability and larger and smaller scales of motion is investigated, using the IWEX data set. To investigate the role of internal waves in the vertical diffusion of large scale momentum, ...
South China Sea internal tide/internal waves-impact on the temporal variability of horizontal array gain at 276 Hz Orr, Marshall H.; Pasewark, Bruce H.; Wolf, Stephen N.; Lynch, James F.; Schroeder, Theodore; Chiu, Ching-Sang (IEEE, 2004-10)The temporal variability of the spatial coherence of an acoustic signal received on a bottomed horizontal array has been calculated for 276-Hz narrow-band signals. A conventional plane wave beamformer was applied to the ...
Duda, Timothy F.; Newhall, Arthur E.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Caruso, Michael J.; Graber, Hans C.; Yang, Yiing-Jang; Jan, Sen (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2013-01-01)Internal gravity waves in an area northeast of Taiwan are characterized using data from multiple sensor types. The data set includes intermittent information collected from a ship and short time series from moorings. Modeled ...