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dc.contributor.authorWada, Ikuko
dc.contributor.authorBehn, Mark D.
dc.contributor.authorHe, Jiangheng
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-21T20:24:00Z
dc.date.available2012-04-20T08:33:14Z
dc.date.issued2011-10-20
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): B10203en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/4893
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): B10203, doi:10.1029/2011JB008294.en_US
dc.description.abstractMineral grain size plays an important role in controlling many processes in the mantle wedge of subduction zones, including mantle flow and fluid migration. To investigate the grain-size distribution in the mantle wedge, we coupled a two-dimensional (2-D) steady state finite element thermal and mantle-flow model with a laboratory-derived grain-size evolution model. In our coupled model, the mantle wedge has a composite olivine rheology that incorporates grain-size-dependent diffusion creep and grain-size-independent dislocation creep. Our results show that all subduction settings lead to a characteristic grain-size distribution, in which grain size increases from 10 to 100 μm at the most trenchward part of the creeping region to a few centimeters in the subarc mantle. Despite the large variation in grain size, its effect on the mantle rheology and flow is very small, as >90% of the deformation in the flowing part of the creeping region is accommodated by grain-size-independent dislocation creep. The predicted grain-size distribution leads to a downdip increase in permeability by ∼5 orders of magnitude. This increase is likely to promote greater upward migration of aqueous fluids and melts where the slab reaches ∼100 km depth compared with shallower depths, potentially providing an explanation for the relatively uniform subarc slab depth. Seismic attenuation derived from the predicted grain-size distribution and thermal field is consistent with the observed seismic structure in the mantle wedge at many subduction zones, without requiring a significant contribution by the presence of melt.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this research was provided by the National Science Foundation through a MARGINS Postdoctoral Fellowship (NSF OCE‐0840800) and NSF grant EAR‐0854673.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JB008294
dc.subjectGrain-scale permeabilityen_US
dc.subjectMantle wedge flowen_US
dc.subjectMineral grain sizeen_US
dc.subjectSeismic attenuationen_US
dc.subjectSubduction zone thermal structureen_US
dc.titleGrain-size distribution in the mantle wedge of subduction zonesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2011JB008294


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