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dc.contributor.authorGanju, Neil K.
dc.contributor.authorLentz, Steven J.
dc.contributor.authorKirincich, Anthony R.
dc.contributor.authorFarrar, J. Thomas
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-21T20:12:38Z
dc.date.available2012-04-29T08:33:18Z
dc.date.issued2011-10-29
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): C10036en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/4892
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011): C10036, doi:10.1029/2011JC007035.en_US
dc.description.abstractInner-shelf circulation is governed by the interaction between tides, baroclinic forcing, winds, waves, and frictional losses; the mean circulation ultimately governs exchange between the coast and ocean. In some cases, oscillatory tidal currents interact with bathymetric features to generate a tidally rectified flow. Recent observational and modeling efforts in an overlapping domain centered on the Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) provided an opportunity to investigate the spatial and temporal complexity of circulation on the inner shelf. ADCP and surface radar observations revealed a mean circulation pattern that was highly variable in the alongshore and cross-shore directions. Nested modeling incrementally improved representation of the mean circulation as grid resolution increased and indicated tidal rectification as the generation mechanism of a counter-clockwise gyre near the MVCO. The loss of model skill with decreasing resolution is attributed to insufficient representation of the bathymetric gradients (Δh/h), which is important for representing nonlinear interactions between currents and bathymetry. The modeled momentum balance was characterized by large spatial variability of the pressure gradient and horizontal advection terms over short distances, suggesting that observed inner-shelf momentum balances may be confounded. Given the available observational and modeling data, this work defines the spatially variable mean circulation and its formation mechanism—tidal rectification—and illustrates the importance of model resolution for resolving circulation and constituent exchange near the coast. The results of this study have implications for future observational and modeling studies near the MVCO and other inner-shelf locations with alongshore bathymetric variability.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding was provided through the Office of Naval Research Ripples DRI, U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program, and National Science Foundation.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007035
dc.subjectCoastal and nearshore circulationen_US
dc.subjectGrid resolutionen_US
dc.subjectNestingen_US
dc.subjectNumerical modelingen_US
dc.subjectTidal rectificationen_US
dc.titleComplex mean circulation over the inner shelf south of Martha's Vineyard revealed by observations and a high-resolution modelen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2011JC007035


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