Quantifying overwash flux in barrier systems : an example from Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA
Carruthers, Emily A.
MetadataShow full item record
LocationMartha's Vineyard, MA
Coastal barriers are particularly susceptible to the predicted effects of accelerated of sea-level rise and the potential for increased impacts of intense storms. Over centennial scales, barriers are maintained via overtopping during storms, causing deposition of washover fans on their landward sides. This study examines three washover fans on the south shore of Martha’s Vineyard using a suite of data including vibracores, ground penetrating radar, high resolution dGPS, and LiDAR data. From these data, the volumes of the deposits were determined and range from 2.1—2.4 x 104 m3. Two overwashes occurred during Hurricane Bob in 1991. The water levels produced by this storm have a return interval of ~28 years, resulting in an onshore sediment flux of 2.4—3.4 m3/m/yr. The third washover was deposited by a nor’easter in January 1997, which has a water level return interval of ~6 years, resulting in a flux of 8.5 m3/m/yr. These fluxes are smaller than the flux of sediment needed to maintain a geometrically stable barrier estimated from shoreline retreat rates, suggesting that the barrier is not in long-term equilibrium, a result supported by the thinning of the barrier over this time interval.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 2011
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The sediments and stratigraphy of the East Coast continental margin : Georges Bank to Norfolk Canyon Stetson, Henry C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1949-08)The continental shelf off the northeastern coast of the United States was the first of our offshore coastal areas to be charted in detail by the Coast and Geodetic Survey, starting on Georges Bank in 1930. The techniques ...
Von Arx, William S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1950-03)During the past four years a deliberate effort has been made at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to devise methods of kinematic observation generally suited to the needs of oceanographers. One result of this work, ...
Redfield, Alfred C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1950-07)The tides of coastal embayments derive their energy from the ocean tides rather than from the direct action of lunar and solar gravitational forces. They are considered to be part of co-oscilating systems in which the ...