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dc.contributor.authorZylinski, S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHow, M. J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOsorio, D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHanlon, Roger T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, N. J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-23T20:15:22Z
dc.date.available2012-04-06T08:32:28Z
dc.date.issued2011-04-06
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Naturalist 177 (2011): 681-690en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/4616
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © University of Chicago, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of University of Chicago for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in American Naturalist 177 (2011): 681-690, doi:10.1086/659626.en_US
dc.description.abstractIt might seem obvious that a camouflaged animal must generally match its background whereas to be conspicuous an organism must differ from the background. However, the image parameters (or statistics) that evaluate the conspicuousness of patterns and textures are seldom well defined, and animal coloration patterns are rarely compared quantitatively with their respective backgrounds. Here we examine this issue in the Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia apama. We confine our analysis to the best-known and simplest image statistic, the correlation in intensity between neighboring pixels. Sepia apama can rapidly change their body patterns from assumed conspicuous signaling to assumed camouflage, thus providing an excellent and unique opportunity to investigate how such patterns differ in a single visual habitat. We describe the intensity variance and spatial frequency power spectra of these differing body patterns and compare these patterns with the backgrounds against which they are viewed. The measured image statistics of camouflaged animals closely resemble their backgrounds, while signaling animals differ significantly from their backgrounds. Our findings may provide the basis for a set of general rules for crypsis and signals. Furthermore, our methods may be widely applicable to the quantitative study of animal coloration.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipS.Z. was supported by a Case award from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and QinetiQ and is currently supported by Office of Naval Research (ONR) grant N00014-09-1-1053. R.T.H. received partial support from ONR grant N0001406-1- 0202.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Chicagoen_US
dc.relation.hasparthttps://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.8527
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1086/659626
dc.subjectCamouflageen_US
dc.subjectCommunicationen_US
dc.subjectSignalingen_US
dc.subjectImage structureen_US
dc.subjectCephalopodsen_US
dc.subjectVisionen_US
dc.titleTo be seen or to hide : visual characteristics of body patterns for camouflage and communication in the Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia apamaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1086/659626


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