Acoustic playback experiments to study behavioral responses of free-ranging marine animals to anthropogenic sound
Tyack, Peter L.
MetadataShow full item record
Growing concern about the effects of anthropogenic sound on marine life has highlighted the need for empirical methods to study behavioral responses of marine animals to specific acoustic exposures. Some effects have been discovered by observing coincidence of effects with sound exposure, e.g. beaked whales such as Ziphius cavirostris and Mesoplodon densirostris may mass strand during sonar exercises. Sometimes new activities trigger precautionary concern, such as the potential effects of deep water seismic surveys on deep-diving endangered species, e.g. sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus. In both cases, the best way to prove that a particular sound stimulus causes a behavioral response involves experiments whereby a specific dose of sound is broadcast to an animal and the acoustic exposure and behavioral responses of the animal are measured. The present paper argues for a balance of experimental and observational studies of effects of sound on marine life, designed so that each kind of study complements the other.
Author Posting. © Inter-Research, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of Inter-Research for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Marine Ecology Progress Series 395 (2009): 187-200, doi:10.3354/meps08363.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Duda, Timothy F.; Lynch, James F.; Newhall, Arthur E.; Wu, Lixin; Chiu, Ching-Sang (IEEE, 2004-10)We present analyses of fluctuations seen in acoustic signals transmitted by two 400-Hz sources moored as part of the ASIAEX 2001 South China Sea (SCS) experiment. One source was near the bottom in 350-m deep water 31.3 km ...
Aubrey, David G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-08)A month-long field experiment was conducted during June and July, 1985 at King's Bay/Cumberland Sound, Georgia, under the combined auspices of the Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory and the Woods Hole Oceanographic ...
Observing system simulation experiments with ensemble Kalman filters in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard (American Geophysical Union, 2011-01-20)Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed for Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, as a pilot study for the design of optimal monitoring networks in the coastal ocean. Experiments were carried out using the ...