Biological consumption of carbon monoxide in Delaware Bay, NW Atlantic and Beaufort Sea
Zafiriou, Oliver C.
Umile, Thomas P.
Kieber, David J.
MetadataShow full item record
Microbial consumption is the dominant sink of oceanic carbon monoxide (CO), one of the major carbon-containing photoproducts of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in marine waters. This study presents first-order microbial CO consumption rate constants (kCO) determined using whole-water dark incubations in summer and fall in diverse marine ecosystems covering the Delaware Bay, NW Atlantic, and Beaufort Sea. The microbial CO consumption rate constant, kCO (mean ± SD) was 1.11 ± 0.76 h–1 in the Delaware Bay, 0.33 ± 0.26 h–1 in the coastal Atlantic, 0.099 ± 0.054 h–1 in the open Atlantic, 0.040 ± 0.012 h–1 in the coastal Beaufort Sea and 0.020 ± 0.0060 h–1 in the offshore Beaufort Sea. The kCO in the Delaware Bay covaried with chlorophyll a concentration ([chl a]), rising with increasing salinity in the range 0 to 19 and diminishing with further increasing salinity. The kCO in the Beaufort Sea is significantly positively correlated with [chl a]. Both the Atlantic and cross-system data sets showed significant positive correlations between kCO and the product of [chl a] and water temperature, suggesting that [chl a] can be used as an indicator of CO-consuming bacterial activity in the areas and seasons sampled in this study. Microbial CO consumption was shown to follow Wright-Hobbie kinetics, with variable but low half-saturation concentrations: ~1 nM in the Beaufort Sea and Gulf Stream and 2 to 18 nM in the coastal NW Atlantic. These low half-saturation concentrations suggest that microbial CO consumption in seawater is at times partly saturated, and that some previous microbial CO consumption rates determined with the commonly used 14CO method could be underestimates due to the addition of 14CO as a tracer substrate. The present study provides valuable data for coastal and Arctic waters whose kCO values are poorly or not constrained, including extensive data on the dependence of kCO on the concentration of CO.
Author Posting. © Inter-Research, 2005. This article is posted here by permission of Inter-Research for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Marine Ecology Progress Series 290 (2005): 1-14, doi:10.3354/meps290001.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dilling, Lisa; Doney, Scott C.; Edmonds, Jae; Gurney, Kevin R.; Harriss, Robert; Schimel, David S.; Stephens, Britton B.; Stokes, Gerald (Annual Reviews, 2003-08-14)Agriculture and industrial development have led to inadvertent changes in the natural carbon cycle. As a consequence, concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have increased in the atmosphere and may ...
McNichol, Ann P. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-09)A study of the remineralization of organic carbon was conducted in the organic-rich sediments of Buzzards Bay, MA. Major processes affecting the carbon chemistry in sediments are reflected by changes in the stable carbon ...
Consequences of considering carbon–nitrogen interactions on the feedbacks between climate and the terrestrial carbon cycle Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Felzer, Benjamin S.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Cronin, Timothy W. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-08-01)The impact of carbon–nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems on the interaction between the carbon cycle and climate is studied using an earth system model of intermediate complexity, the MIT Integrated Global Systems ...