Registration and variability of side scan sonar imagery
Nicholson, John W.
MetadataShow full item record
LocationWoods Hole, MA
This thesis presents the results of several experiments performed on side scan sonar equipment and imagery with the aim of characterizing the acoustic variability of side scan sonar imagery and applying this information to image rectification and registration. A static test tank experiment is presented which analyzes the waveform, power spectral density, and temporal variability of the transmitted waveform. The results of a second static experiment conducted from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Pier in Woods Hole, Massachusetts permit determination of the distribution and moments of intensity fluctuations of echoes from objects imaged in side scan sonograms. This experiment also characterizes temporal and spatial coherence of intensity fluctuations. A third experiment is presented in which a side scan sonar towfish images the bottom adjacent to the pier while running along an underwater track which reduces towfish instability. Imagery from this experiment is used to develop a rectification and registration algorithm for side scan sonat images. Preliminary image processing is described and examples presented, followed by favorable results for automated image rectification and registration.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Ocean Engineer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution August 1988
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Biological-physical interactions on Georges Bank : plankton transport and population dynamics of the ocean quahog, Arctica islandica Lewis, Craig V. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-06)Advective losses of bank water during winter because of strong wind forcing were hypothesized to be a significant factor limiting recruitment of Georges Bank cormnunities. This hypothesis was examined using biological-physical ...
Evolution of oceanic margins : rifting in the Gulf of California and sediment diapirism and mantle hydration during subduction Miller, Nathamiel C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-06)This thesis investigates three processes that control the evolution of oceanic margins. Chapter 2 presents seismic images of a ~2-km-thick evaporite body in Guaymas Basin, central Gulf of California. In rifts, evaporites ...
Silverthorne, Katherine E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-06)Observational and modeling techniques are employed to investigate the thermal and inertial upper ocean response to wind and buoyancy forcing in the North Atlantic Ocean. First, the seasonal kinetic energy variability of ...