Physical exchanges at the air–sea interface : UK–SOLAS field measurements

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Brooks, Ian M.
Bloom, A. Anthony
Brooks, Barbara J.
Lingard, Justin J. N.
McQuaid, James B.
Norris, Sarah J.
Smith, Michael H.
Smith, Paul D.
Yelland, Margaret J.
Moat, Bengamin I.
Pascal, Robin W.
Prytherch, John
Srokosz, Meric
Taylor, Peter K.
Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.
Salter, Matt
Nightingale, Philip D.
Archer, Stephen D.
Beale, Rachael
Dixon, Jo
Goldson, Laura E.
Hardman-Mountford, Nick
Liddicoat, Malcolm
Moore, Gerald
Stephens, John A.
D'Asaro, Eric A.
McNeil, Craig L.
Beatty, Cory
DeGrandpre, Michael D.
Blomquist, Byron
Huebert, Barry
Cluderay, John
Zemmelink, Hendrik J.
Coles, David
Hsueh, Ping-Chang
Leighton, Timothy G.
Dacey, John W. H.
Drennan, William M.
Rebozo, Mike
Sahlee, Erik
Gabriele, Joseph
Hill, Martin K.
Horn, Matt
De Leeuw, Gerrit
Neill, Craig
Skjelvan, Ingunn
O'Doherty, Simon
Walsh, Roisin
Young, Dickon
Schuster, Ute
Telszewski, Maciej
Slagter, Hans
Ward, Brian
Woolf, David K.
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As part of the U.K. contribution to the international Surface Ocean–Lower Atmosphere Study, a series of three related projects—DOGEE, SEASAW, and HiWASE—undertook experimental studies of the processes controlling the physical exchange of gases and sea spray aerosol at the sea surface. The studies share a common goal: to reduce the high degree of uncertainty in current parameterization schemes. The wide variety of measurements made during the studies, which incorporated tracer and surfactant release experiments, included direct eddy correlation fluxes, detailed wave spectra, wind history, photographic retrievals of whitecap fraction, aerosol-size spectra and composition, surfactant concentration, and bubble populations in the ocean mixed layer. Measurements were made during three cruises in the northeast Atlantic on the RRS Discovery during 2006 and 2007; a fourth campaign has been making continuous measurements on the Norwegian weather ship Polarfront since September 2006. This paper provides an overview of the three projects and some of the highlights of the measurement campaigns.
Author Posting. © American Meteorological Society, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of The UK–SOLAS projects were funded by the Natural Environment Research Council Grants NE/C001826/1 (HiWASE), NE/C001842/1 (SEASAW), NE/C001702/1 (DOGEE), and NE/E011489/1 (DMS Fluxes); and by NSF Grants ATM05-26341 (Hawaii), OCE-0623450 (Miami), and NSF-OCE 0549887/0834340/0550000 (APL-UW). for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90 (2009): 629-644, doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1.
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Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90 (2009): 629-644
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