Now showing items 727-746 of 5578

    • Climate impacts on zooplankton population dynamics in coastal marine ecosystems 

      Batchelder, Harold P.; Daly, Kendra L.; Davis, Cabell S.; Ji, Rubao; Ohman, Mark D.; Peterson, William T.; Runge, Jeffrey A. (The Oceanography Society, 2013-12)
      The 20-year US GLOBEC (Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics) program examined zooplankton populations and their predators in four coastal marine ecosystems. Program scientists learned that environmental controls on zooplankton ...
    • Climate modulates internal wave activity in the Northern South China Sea 

      DeCarlo, Thomas M.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Davis, Kristen A.; Wong, George T. F. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-02-10)
      Internal waves (IWs) generated in the Luzon Strait propagate into the Northern South China Sea (NSCS), enhancing biological productivity and affecting coral reefs by modulating nutrient concentrations and temperature. Here ...
    • Climate related sea-level variations over the past two millennia 

      Kemp, Andrew C.; Horton, Benjamin P.; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.; Mann, Michael E.; Vermeer, Martin; Rahmstorf, Stefan (2011-03)
      We present new sea-level reconstructions for the past 2100 years based on salt-marsh sedimentary sequences from the US Atlantic coast. The data from North Carolina reveal four phases of persistent sea-level change after ...
    • Climate variability in the equatorial Pacific Ocean induced by decadal variability of mixing coefficient 

      Huang, Chuan Jiang; Wang, Wei; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2007-05)
      The circulation in the equatorial Pacific Ocean is studied in a series of numerical experiments based on an isopycnal coordinate model. The model is subject to monthly mean climatology of wind stress and surface thermohaline ...
    • Climate variability of southern Chile since the Last Glacial Maximum : a continuous sedimentological record from Lago Puyehue (40°S) 

      Bertrand, Sebastien; Charlet, Francois; Charlier, Bernard; Renson, Virginie; Fagel, Nathalie (2007-04-29)
      This paper presents a multi-proxy climate record of an 11 m long core collected in Lago Puyehue (southern Chile, 40°S) and extending back to 18,000 cal yr BP. The multi-proxy analyses include sedimentology, mineralogy, ...
    • Climate variability, oceanography, bowhead whale distribution, and Iñupiat subsistence whaling near Barrow, Alaska 

      Ashjian, Carin J.; Braund, Stephen R.; Campbell, Robert G.; George, John C.; Kruse, Jack; Maslowski, Wieslaw; Moore, Sue E.; Nicolson, Craig R.; Okkonen, Stephen R.; Sherr, Barry F.; Sherr, Evelyn B.; Spitz, Yvette H. (Arctic Institute of North America, 2010-06)
      The annual migration of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) past Barrow, Alaska, has provided subsistence hunting to Iñupiat for centuries. Bowheads recurrently feed on aggregations of zooplankton prey near Barrow in autumn. ...
    • Climate-driven range extension of Amphistegina (protista, foraminiferida) : models of current and predicted future ranges 

      Langer, Martin R.; Weinmann, Anna E.; Lotters, Stefan; Bernhard, Joan M.; Rodder, Dennis (Public Library of Science, 2013-02-06)
      Species-range expansions are a predicted and realized consequence of global climate change. Climate warming and the poleward widening of the tropical belt have induced range shifts in a variety of marine and terrestrial ...
    • Climate-driven sea level anomalies modulate coastal groundwater dynamics and discharge 

      Gonneea, Meagan E.; Mulligan, Ann E.; Charette, Matthew A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-06-03)
      To better understand the physical drivers of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) in the coastal ocean, we conducted a detailed field and modeling study within an unconfined coastal aquifer system. We monitored the hydraulic ...
    • Climate-induced interannual variability of marine primary and export production in three global coupled climate carbon cycle models 

      Schneider, B.; Bopp, Laurent; Gehlen, M.; Segschneider, J.; Frolicher, T. L.; Cadule, P.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Doney, Scott C.; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Joos, Fortunat (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2008-04-23)
      Fully coupled climate carbon cycle models are sophisticated tools that are used to predict future climate change and its impact on the land and ocean carbon cycles. These models should be able to adequately represent natural ...
    • Climate-mediated changes to mixed-layer properties in the Southern Ocean : assessing the phytoplankton response 

      Boyd, Philip W.; Doney, Scott C.; Strzepek, R.; Dusenberry, Jeffrey A.; Lindsay, Keith; Fung, Inez Y. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2008-05-19)
      Concurrent changes in ocean chemical and physical properties influence phytoplankton dynamics via alterations in carbonate chemistry, nutrient and trace metal inventories and upper ocean light environment. Using a fully ...
    • Climate–carbon cycle feedback analysis : results from the C4MIP model intercomparison 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; Cox, P.; Betts, R.; Bopp, Laurent; von Bloh, W.; Brovkin, V.; Cadule, P.; Doney, Scott C.; Eby, Michael; Fung, Inez Y.; Bala, G.; John, Jasmin G.; Jones, C. D.; Joos, Fortunat; Kato, T.; Kawamiya, M.; Knorr, W.; Lindsay, Keith; Matthews, H. D.; Raddatz, T.; Rayner, Peter; Reick, C.; Roeckner, E.; Schnitzler, K.-G.; Schnur, R.; Strassmann, K.; Weaver, Andrew J.; Yoshikawa, C.; Zeng, Ning (American Meteorological Society, 2006-07-15)
      Eleven coupled climate–carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...
    • Climatically driven emissions of hydrocarbons from marine sediments during deglaciation 

      Hill, T. M.; Kennett, J. P.; Valentine, David L.; Yang, Z.; Reddy, Christopher M.; Nelson, Robert K.; Behl, R. J.; Robert, C.; Beaufort, L. (2006-07-31)
      Marine hydrocarbon seepage emits oil and gas, including methane (~30 Tg CH4/year), to the ocean and atmosphere. Sediments from the California margin contain preserved tar, primarily formed via hydrocarbon weathering at ...
    • Climatological mean circulation at the New England shelf break 

      Zhang, Weifeng G.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J. (American Meteorological Society, 2011-10)
      A two-dimensional cross-shelf model of the New England continental shelf and slope is used to investigate the mean cross-shelf and vertical circulation at the shelf break and their seasonal variation. The model temperature ...
    • Climatology of surface meteorology, surface fluxes, cloud fraction, and radiative forcing over the southeast Pacific from buoy observations 

      Ghate, Virendra P.; Albrecht, Bruce A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Weller, Robert A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-10-15)
      A 5-yr climatology of the meteorology, including boundary layer cloudiness, for the southeast Pacific region is presented using observations from a buoy located at 20°S, 85°W. The sea surface temperature and surface air ...
    • A climatology of the Middle Atlantic Bight shelfbreak front 

      Linder, Christopher A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-09)
      Description of the shelfbreak front in the Middle Atlantic Bight is hampered by the extreme variability of the front. In order to gain more insight into the mean frontal structure and associated baroclinic jet, historical ...
    • CLIMODE bobber data report : July 2005 - May 2009 

      Fratantoni, David M.; McKee, Theresa K.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Furey, Heather H.; Lund, John M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-03)
      This report summarizes direct observations of Eighteen Degree Water (EDW) subduction and dispersal within the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean. Forty acoustically-tracked bobbing, profiling floats (“bobbers”) ...
    • The CLIMODE field campaign : observing the cycle of convection and restratification over the Gulf Stream 

      Marshall, John C.; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, G.; Maze, G.; Andersson, A.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Dewar, William K.; Doney, Scott C.; Fratantoni, David M.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Straneo, Fiamma; Toole, John M.; Weller, Robert A.; Edson, James B.; Gregg, M. C.; Kelly, Kathryn A.; Lozier, M. Susan; Palter, Jaime B.; Lumpkin, Rick; Samelson, Roger M.; Skyllingstad, Eric D.; Silverthorne, Katherine E.; Talley, Lynne D.; Thomas, Leif N. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-09)
      A major oceanographic field experiment is described, which is designed to observe, quantify, and understand the creation and dispersal of weakly stratified fluid known as “mode water” in the region of the Gulf Stream. ...
    • CLIMODE Subsurface Mooring Report : November 2005 - November 2007 

      Lund, John M.; Davis, Xujing Jia; Ramsey, Andree L.; Straneo, Fiamma; Torres, Daniel J.; Palter, Jaime B.; Gary, Stefan F.; Fratantoni, David M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-03)
      Two years of temperature, salinity, current, and nutrient data were collected on four subsurface moorings as part of the 2 year field component of the CLIMODE experiment. The moorings were located in North Atlantic’s ...
    • CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamics Experiment (CLIMODE) fall 2005, R/V Oceanus voyage 419, November 9, 2005–November 27, 2005 

      Hutto, Lara; Weller, Robert A.; Fratantoni, David M.; Lord, Jeffrey; Kemp, John N.; Lund, John M.; Brambilla, Elena; Bigorre, Sebastien P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-02)
      CLIMODE (CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamic Experiment) is a program designed to understand and quantify the processes responsible for the formation and dissipation of North Atlantic subtropical mode water, also called Eighteen ...
    • CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamics Experiment (CLIMODE) fall 2006 R/V Oceanus voyage 434 November 16, 2006–December 3, 2006 

      Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Weller, Robert A.; Lord, Jeffrey; Lund, John M.; Palter, Jaime B.; Tupper, George H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-12)
      CLIMODE (CLIVAR Mode Water Dynamic Experiment) is a research program designed to understand and quantify the processes responsible for the formation and dissipation of North Atlantic subtropical mode water, also called ...