Browsing Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution by Title
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Modeling sea surface scattering by the timedomain finitedifference method
(Acoustical Society of America, 199610)A numerical scattering chamber based on the timedomain finitedifference solution of the twoway elastic wave equation is applied to a sea surface scattering problem, and excellent agreement is obtained in amplitude and ... 
Modeling seafloor geoacoustic interaction with a numerical scattering chamber
(Acoustical Society of America, 199408)A numerical scattering chamber (NSC) has been developed to compute backscatter functions for geologically realistic seafloor models. In the NSC, solutions are computed to the elastic (or anelastic) wave equation by the ... 
A modeling study of acoustic propagation through moving shallowwater solitary wave packets
(IEEE, 199901)Propagation of 400Hz sound through continentalshelf internal solitary wave packets is shown by numerical simulation to be strongly influenced by coupling of normal modes. Coupling in a packet is controlled by the mode ... 
A modeling study of the seasonal oxygen budget of the global ocean
(American Geophysical Union, 20070509)An ecosystem model embedded in a global ocean general circulation model is used to quantify roles of biological and physical processes on seasonal oxygen variations. We find that the thermally induced seasonal net outgassing ... 
Modeling surf zone tracer plumes : 1. Waves, mean currents, and lowfrequency eddies
(American Geophysical Union, 20111118)A model that accurately simulates surf zone waves, mean currents, and lowfrequency eddies is required to diagnose the mechanisms of surf zone tracer transport and dispersion. In this paper, a waveresolving timedependent ... 
Modeling surf zone tracer plumes : 2. Transport and dispersion
(American Geophysical Union, 20111118)Five surf zone dye tracer releases from the HB06 experiment are simulated with a tracer advection diffusion model coupled to a Boussinesq surf zone model (funwaveC). Model tracer is transported and stirred by currents and ... 
Modeling the global ocean iron cycle
(American Geophysical Union, 20040107)We describe a model of the ocean transport and biogeochemical cycling of iron and the subsequent control on export production and macronutrient distributions. Ocean transport of phosphorus and iron are represented by a ... 
Modeling the impact of declining sea ice on the Arctic marine planktonic ecosystem
(American Geophysical Union, 20101008)We have developed a coupled 3D panArctic biology/sea ice/ocean model to investigate the impact of declining Arctic sea ice on the marine planktonic ecosystem over 1988–2007. The biophysical model results agree with ... 
Modeling the processes affecting larval haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) survival on Georges Bank
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201102)The ultimate goal of early life studies of fish over the past century has been to better understand recruitment variability. Recruitment is the single most important natural event controlling yearclass strength and ... 
Modeling the Total Allowable Area for Coastal Reclamation : a case study of Xiamen, China
(201303)This paper presents an analytical framework to estimate the Total Allowable Area for Coastal Reclamation (TAACR) to provide scientific support for the implementation of a coastal reclamation restriction mechanism. The logic ... 
Modeling turbulent dispersion on the North Flank of Georges Bank using Lagrangian Particle Methods
(20040929)Circulation and transport at the North Flank of Georges Bank are studied using a dataassimilative 3D model of frontal dynamics under stratified, tidally energetic conditions over steep topography. The circulation model ... 
Modeling weak fluctuations of undersea telemetry signals
(IEEE, 199101)Numerical calculation of acoustic field perturbation expressions can be used to predict fluctuations after propagation through ocean soundspeed structures, but before the onset of multipath. The general form of the ... 
Modeling wind forcing in phase resolving simulation of nonlinear wind waves
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 201002)Wind waves in the ocean are a product of complex interaction of turbulent air flow with gravity driven water surface. The coupling is strong and the waves are nonstationary, irregular and highly nonlinear, which restricts ... 
Modeling winter circulation under landfast ice : the interaction of winds with landfast ice
(American Geophysical Union, 20120404)Idealized models and a simple vertically averaged vorticity equation illustrate the effects of an upwelling favorable wind and a spatially variable landfast ice cover on the circulation beneath landfast ice. For the case ... 
Modelling bottom stress in depthaveraged flows
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 198905)The relationship between depthaveraged velocity and bottom stress for winddriven flow in unstratified coastal waters is examined here. The adequacy of traditional linear and quadratic drag laws is addressed by comparison ... 
Modelling ecology from logic
(20071010)The thesis of this essay is that logically valid formulations guarantee correct and coherent summaries of scientific data. Several studies are presented that can be shown to be inadequate or simply wrong by logical procedures. ... 
Modelling interactions of acid–base balance and respiratory status in the toxicity of metal mixtures in the American oyster Crassostrea virginica
(20091112)Heavy metals, such as copper, zinc and cadmium, represent some of the most common and serious pollutants in coastal estuaries. In the present study, we used a combination of linear and artificial neural network (ANN) ... 
Models : tools for synthesis in international oceanographic research programs
(Oceanography Society, 201009)Through its promotion of coordinated international research programs, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has facilitated major progress on some of the most challenging problems in oceanography. Issues ... 
Models of harmful algal blooms : conceptual, empirical, and numerical approaches
(20101208)Now is an historic time in the field of harmful algal bloom (HAB) science. HAB problems are growing worldwide, and society’s need for understanding these phenomena is more pressing than ever. Technological advances have ... 
Models of hydrothermal circulation within 106 Ma seafloor : constraints on the vigor of fluid circulation and crustal properties, below the Madeira Abyssal Plain
(American Geophysical Union, 20051104)Heat flow measurements colocated with seismic data across 106 Ma seafloor of the Madeira Abyssal Plain (MAP) reveal variations in seafloor heat flow of ±10–20% that are positively correlated with basement relief buried ...