Now showing items 2686-2705 of 5887

    • An interlaboratory study of TEX86 and BIT analysis of sediments, extracts, and standard mixtures 

      Schouten, Stefan; Hopmans, Ellen C.; Rosell-Mele, Antoni; Pearson, Ann; Adam, Pierre; Bauersachs, Thorsten; Bard, Edouard; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Brocks, Jochen J.; Carlson, Laura Truxal; Castaneda, Isla S.; Derenne, Sylvie; Selver, Ayca Dogrul; Dutta, Koushik; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Fosse, Celine; Galy, Valier; Grice, Kliti; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Huang, Yongsong; Huguet, Arnaud; Huguet, Carme; Hurley, Sarah; Ingalls, Anitra; Jia, Guodong; Keely, Brendan; Knappy, Chris; Kondo, Miyuki; Krishnan, Srinath; Lincoln, Sara; Lipp, Julius; Mangelsdorf, Kai; Martínez-Garcia, Alfredo; Menot, Guillemette; Mets, Anchelique; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Ossebaar, Jort; Pagani, Mark; Pancost, Richard D.; Pearson, Emma J.; Peterse, Francien; Reichart, Gert-Jan; Schaeffer, Philippe; Schmitt, Gaby; Schwark, Lorenz; Shah, Sunita R.; Smith, Richard W.; Smittenberg, Rienk H.; Summons, Roger E.; Takano, Yoshinori; Talbot, Helen M.; Taylor, Kyle W. R.; Tarozo, Rafael; Uchida, Masao; van Dongen, Bart E.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Wang, Jinxiang; Warren, Courtney; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Werne, Josef P.; Woltering, Martijn; Xie, Shucheng; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yang, Huan; Zhang, Chuanlun L.; Zhang, Yige; Zhao, Meixun; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-12-20)
      Two commonly used proxies based on the distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) are the TEX86 (TetraEther indeX of 86 carbon atoms) paleothermometer for sea surface temperature reconstructions and the ...
    • An interlaboratory study of TEX86 and BIT analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry 

      Schouten, Stefan; Hopmans, Ellen C.; van der Meer, Jaap; Mets, Anchelique; Bard, Edouard; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Diefendorf, Aaron; Escala, Marina; Freeman, Katharine H.; Furukawa, Yoshihiro; Huguet, Carme; Ingalls, Anitra; Menot-Combes, Guillemette; Nederbragt, Alexandra J.; Oba, Masahiro; Pearson, Ann; Pearson, Emma J.; Rosell-Mele, Antoni; Schaeffer, Philippe; Shah, Sunita R.; Shanahan, Timothy M.; Smith, Richard W.; Smittenberg, Rienk; Talbot, Helen M.; Uchida, Masao; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Zhang, Zhaohui; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-03-20)
      Recently, two new proxies based on the distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) were proposed, i.e., the TEX86 proxy for sea surface temperature reconstructions and the BIT index for reconstructing ...
    • Intermediate to felsic middle crust in the accreted Talkeetna arc, the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island, Alaska : an analogue for low-velocity middle crust in modern arcs 

      Rioux, Matthew; Mattinson, James; Hacker, Bradley R.; Kelemen, Peter B.; Blusztajn, Jerzy S.; Hanghoj, Karen; Gehrels, George (American Geophysical Union, 2010-05-08)
      Seismic profiles of several modern arcs have identified thick, low-velocity midcrustal layers (Vp = 6.0–6.5 km/s) that are interpreted to represent intermediate to felsic plutonic crust. The presence of this silicic crust ...
    • Intermediate water links to Deep Western Boundary Current variability in the subtropical NW Atlantic during marine isotope stages 5 and 4 

      Evans, H. K.; Hall, Ian R.; Bianchi, G. G.; Oppo, Delia W. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-08-02)
      Records from Ocean Drilling Program Sites 1057 and 1059 (2584 m and 2985 m water depth, respectively) have been used to reconstruct the behavior of the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) on the Blake Outer Ridge (BOR) ...
    • Internal hydraulic jumps in two-layer flows with upstream shear 

      Ogden, Kelly A.; Helfrich, Karl R. (2015-12-04)
      Internal hydraulic jumps in ows with upstream shear are investigated using two-layer shock-joining theories and numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. The role of upstream shear has not previously been ...
    • Internal lee wave closures : parameter sensitivity and comparison to observations 

      Trossman, David S.; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Polzin, Kurt L.; Arbic, Brian K.; Garner, Stephen T.; Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C.; Sheen, Katy L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-12-17)
      This paper examines two internal lee wave closures that have been used together with ocean models to predict the time-averaged global energy conversion rate into lee waves and dissipation rate associated with lee waves and ...
    • Internal solitary waves in the Red Sea : an unfolding mystery 

      da Silva, Jose C. B.; Magalhaes, Jorge M.; Gerkema, Theo; Maas, Leo R. M. (The Oceanography Society, 2012-06)
      The off-shelf region between 16.0° and 16.5°N in the southern Red Sea is identified as a new hotspot for the occurrence of oceanic internal solitary waves. Satellite observations reveal trains of solitons that, surprisingly, ...
    • Internal solitons in the northeastern south China Sea. Part I: sources and deep water propagation 

      Ramp, Steven R.; Tang, Tswen Yung; Duda, Timothy F.; Lynch, James F.; Liu, Antony K.; Chiu, Ching-Sang; Bahr, Frederick L.; Kim, Hyoung-Rok; Yang, Yiing-Jang (IEEE, 2004-10)
      A moored array of current, temperature, conductivity, and pressure sensors was deployed across the Chinese continental shelf and slope in support of the Asian Seas International Acoustics Experiment. The goal of the ...
    • Internal solitons in the ocean 

      Apel, J. R.; Ostrovsky, L. A.; Stepanyants, Y. A.; Lynch, James F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-01)
      Nonlinear internal waves in the ocean are discussed (a) from the standpoint of soliton theory and (b) from the viewpoint of experimental measurements. First, theoretical models for internal solitary waves in the ocean are ...
    • Internal tide and nonlinear internal wave behavior at the continental slope in the northern south China Sea 

      Duda, Timothy F.; Lynch, James F.; Irish, James D.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Ramp, Steven R.; Chiu, Ching-Sang; Tang, Tswen Yung; Yang, Yiing-Jang (IEEE, 2004-10)
      A field program to measure acoustic propagation characteristics and physical oceanography was undertaken in April and May 2001 in the northern South China Sea. Fluctuating ocean properties were measured with 21 moorings ...
    • Internal tide generation by tall ocean ridges 

      Echeverri Mondragon, Paula (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-09)
      Internal tides are internal waves of tidal period generated by tidal currents flowing over submarine topography. Tall ridges that are nominally two-dimensional (2-D) are sites of particularly strong generation. The ...
    • Internal wave effects on acoustic propagation 

      Duda, Timothy F. (Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, 2005-06)
      Internal gravity wave induced acoustic fluctuations are reviewed. It is well known that internal waves cause temporal and spatial variability above and beyond that caused by mesoscale and larger ocean heterogeneity. ...
    • Internal waves and mixing near the Kerguelen Plateau 

      Meyer, Amelie; Polzin, Kurt L.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Phillips, Helen E. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-12-07)
      In the stratified ocean, turbulent mixing is primarily attributed to the breaking of internal waves. As such, internal waves provide a link between large-scale forcing and small-scale mixing. The internal wave field north ...
    • Internal waves and turbulence in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current 

      Waterman, Stephanie N.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Polzin, Kurt L. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-02)
      This study reports on observations of turbulent dissipation and internal wave-scale flow properties in a standing meander of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) north of the Kerguelen Plateau. The authors characterize ...
    • The International Indian Ocean Expedition 

      Fye, Paul M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1965-01-27)
      Tonight, I want to tell you about another great oceanographic expedition; one which has been done in the tradition of the past great expeditions, but with all the tools available to modern oceanography. This is the ...
    • International marine science research projects : inventory and analysis of selected projects at Sea Grant institutions, 1985 

      Ross, David A.; Fenwick, Judith (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-07)
      The U.S. marine scientific community continues to show an interest in marine research within foreign Exclusive Economic Zones and with foreign scientists and institutions, in spite of the problems, regulations, and increased ...
    • International marine science research projects : second inventory of international projects at Sea Grant institutions, 1990 

      Fenwick, Judith; Ross, David A.; Schramm, Cynthia T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-03)
      This inventory of marine science projects at Sea Grant institutions was completed in order to gauge the level and enhance a database of U.S./foreign collaboration in international marine research initiated at U.S. Sea ...
    • An International Quiet Ocean Experiment 

      Boyd, Ian L.; Frisk, George V.; Urban, Ed; Tyack, Peter L.; Ausubel, Jesse; Seeyave, Sphie; Cato, Doug; Southall, Brandon L.; Weise, Michael; Andrew, Rex K.; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Dekeling, Rene; Erbe, Christine; Farmer, David M.; Gentry, Roger; Gross, Thomas F.; Hawkins, Anthony D.; Li, Fenghua; Metcalf, Kathy; Miller, James H.; Moretti, David J.; Rodrigo, Cristian; Shinke, Tomio (Oceanography Society, 2011-06)
      The effect of noise on marine life is one of the big unknowns of current marine science. Considerable evidence exists that the human contribution to ocean noise has increased during the past few decades: human noise has ...
    • Interplay between detrital and diagenetic processes since the last glacial maximum on the northwest Iberian continental shelf 

      Mohamed, Kais Jacob; Rey, Daniel; Rubio, Belen; Vilas, Federico; Frederichs, Thomas (2010-02)
      Integrated analyses of magnetic, geochemical and textural data on six cores from the northwestern Iberian continental shelf allowed the reconstruction of the paleoenvironmental evolution of this area since the last glacial ...
    • Interplay between faults and lava flows in construction of the upper oceanic crust : the East Pacific Rise crest 9°25′–9°58′N 

      Escartin, Javier E.; Soule, Samuel A.; Fornari, Daniel J.; Tivey, Maurice A.; Schouten, Hans A.; Perfit, Michael R. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-06-07)
      The distribution of faults and fault characteristics along the East Pacific Rise (EPR) crest between 9°25′N and 9°58′N were studied using high-resolution side-scan sonar data and near-bottom bathymetric profiles. The ...