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Browsing Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution by Title

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Browsing Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution by Title

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  • Buesseler, Ken O.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Burd, Adrian B.; Charette, Matthew A.; Cochran, J. Kirk; Coppola, L.; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Fowler, S. W.; Gardner, Wilford D.; Guo, L. D.; Gustafsson, Orjan; Lamborg, Carl H.; Masque, Pere; Miquel, J. C.; Passow, U.; Santschi, P. H.; Savoye, Nicolas; Stewart, G.; Trull, Thomas W. (2005-06-18)
    Thorium-234 is increasingly used as a tracer of ocean particle flux, primarily as a means to estimate particulate organic carbon export from the surface ocean. This requires determination of both the 234Th activity ...
  • Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Dusenberry, Jeffrey A.; Anderson, Laurence A.; Armstrong, Robert A.; Chai, Fei; Christian, James R.; Doney, Scott C.; Dunne, John P.; Fujii, Masahiko; Hood, Raleigh; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Moore, J. Keith; Schartau, Markus; Spitz, Yvette H.; Wiggert, Jerry D. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-08-02)
    Application of biogeochemical models to the study of marine ecosystems is pervasive, yet objective quantification of these models' performance is rare. Here, 12 lower trophic level models of varying complexity are objectively ...
  • Schuster, Ute; McKinley, Galen A.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Chevallier, F.; Doney, Scott C.; Fay, A. R.; Gonzalez-Davila, M.; Gruber, Nicolas; Jones, S.; Krijnen, J.; Landschutzer, P.; Lefevre, N.; Manizza, Manfredi; Mathis, J.; Metzl, Nicolas; Olsen, A.; Rios, Aida F.; Rodenbeck, C.; Santana-Casiano, J. M.; Takahashi, Taro; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew J. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2013-01-29)
    The Atlantic and Arctic Oceans are critical components of the global carbon cycle. Here we quantify the net sea–air CO2 flux, for the first time, across different methodologies for consistent time and space scales for the ...
  • Buesseler, Ken O.; Antia, Avan N.; Chen, Min; Fowler, Scott W.; Gardner, Wilford D.; Gustafsson, Orjan; Harada, Koh; Michaels, Anthony F.; Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M.; Sarin, Manmohan M.; Steinberg, Deborah K.; Trull, Thomas W. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2007-05)
    This review provides an assessment of sediment trap accuracy issues by gathering data to address trap hydrodynamics, the problem of zooplankton "swimmers," and the solubilization of material after collection. For each ...
  • Warren, Jessica M.; Shimizu, Nobumichi; Sakaguchi, C.; Dick, Henry J. B.; Nakamura, E. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-12-17)
    Abyssal peridotites, the depleted solid residues of ocean ridge melting, are the most direct samples available to assess upper oceanic mantle composition. We present detailed isotope and trace element analyses of pyroxene ...
  • Capontondi, Antonietta (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-02)
    The dynamical aspects involved in the assimilation of altimeter data in a numerical ocean model have been investigated. The model used for this study is a quasi-geostrophic model of the Gulf Stream region. The data that ...
  • Cuhel, Russell Lee (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-12)
    The reductive assimilation of sulfate into cellular organic sulfur compounds was studied in aerobic marine bacteria, with emphasis on the relationship between sulfur metabolism and protein synthesis. The goal of the ...
  • Baumgartner, Mark F.; Lysiak, Nadine S. J.; Esch, H. Carter; Zerbini, Alexandre N.; Berchok, Catherine L.; Clapham, Phillip J. (Inter-Research, 2013-09-17)
    Due to the seriously endangered status of North Pacific right whales Eubalaena japonica, an improved understanding of the environmental factors that influence the species’ distribution and occurrence is needed to better ...
  • Schmitz, Birger; Harper, David A. T.; Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Bernhard; Stouge, Svend; Alwmark, Carl; Cronholm, Anders; Bergstrom, Stig M.; Tassinari, Mario; Xiaofeng, Wang (2007-09-26)
    The rise and diversification of shelled invertebrate life in the early Phanerozoic took place in two major steps. During the Cambrian Explosion at ca. 540 Ma a large number of new phyla appeared over a short time interval. ...
  • Balmforth, Neil J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-01)
    The theme of the 1998 Geophyscial Fluid Dynamics (GFD) summer program at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution was Astrophysical and Geophysical Flows as Dynamical Systems. Antonello Provenzale of the Institute of ...
  • Laske, Gabi; Markee, Amanda; Orcutt, John A.; Wolfe, Cecily J.; Collins, John A.; Solomon, Sean C.; Detrick, Robert S.; Bercovici, David; Hauri, Erik H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2011-10-31)
    We present models of the 3-D shear velocity structure of the lithosphere and asthenosphere beneath the Hawaiian hotspot and surrounding region. The models are derived from long-period Rayleigh-wave phase velocities that ...
  • Li, Ming; Trowbridge, John H.; Geyer, W. Rockwell (American Meteorological Society, 2008-02)
    Stratification and turbulent mixing exhibit a flood–ebb tidal asymmetry in estuaries and continental shelf regions affected by horizontal density gradients. The authors use a large-eddy simulation (LES) model to investigate ...
  • Lin, Xiaopei; Yang, Jiayan; Guo, Jingsong; Zhang, Zhixin; Yin, Yuqi; Song, Xiangzhou; Zhang, Xiaohui (American Geophysical Union, 2011-04-29)
    The winter water mass along the Yellow Sea Trough (YST), especially on the western side of the trough, is considerably warmer and saltier than the ambient shelf water mass. This observed tongue-shape hydrographic feature ...
  • Lin, Xiaopei; Yang, Jiayan (American Geophysical Union, 2011-04-29)
    A warm and salty water mass exists along the Yellow Sea Trough (YST) in winter. This oceanic water mass is distinct from the ambient shelf water and is distributed on the western side of the YST. It has long been reasoned ...
  • Benthuysen, Jessica A.; Thomas, Leif N. (2012-05-21)
    During the spindown of a uni-directional, geostrophic current in a homogeneous fluid, asymmetry arises in the vertical velocity and vertical relative vorticity fields. A closed-form, time-dependent solution valid to order ...
  • Taylor, Nathan G.; McAllister, Murdoch K.; Lawson, Gareth L.; Carruthers, Tom; Block, Barbara A. (Public Library of Science, 2011-12-09)
    Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is considered to be overfished, but the status of its populations has been debated, partly because of uncertainties regarding the effects of mixing on fishing grounds. A better ...
  • Hurrell, James W.; Visbeck, Martin; Busalacchi, Antonio J.; Clarke, R. A.; Delworth, T. L.; Dickson, R. R.; Johns, William E.; Koltermann, K. P.; Kushnir, Yochanan; Marshall, D.; Mauritzen, Cecilie; McCartney, Michael S.; Piola, A.; Reason, C.; Reverdin, Gilles; Schott, F.; Sutton, R.; Wainer, I.; Wright, D. (American Meteorological Society, 2006-10-15)
    Three interrelated climate phenomena are at the center of the Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) Atlantic research: tropical Atlantic variability (TAV), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and the Atlantic ...
  • Mann, Michael E.; Woodruff, Jonathan D.; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.; Zhang, Zhihua (2009-06)
    Atlantic Tropical Cyclone (TC) activity, as measured by annual storm counts, reached anomalous levels over the past decade. The short nature of the historical record and potential issues with its reliability in earlier ...
  • Frye, Daniel E.; Merriam, Steve; Eastwood, Robert L.; Kemp, John N.; McPhee, Neil M.; Liberatore, Stephen P.; Hobart, Edward; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Tarbell, Susan A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-03)
    The Atlantic Long-Term Oceanogrphic Mooring (ALTOMOOR) has been maintained offshore Bermuda since 1993 as a testbed for the evaluation of new data telemetry technologies and new oceanographic instrumentation. It is currently ...
  • Dail, Holly J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-09)
    This thesis focuses on ocean circulation and atmospheric forcing in the Atlantic Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 18-21 thousand years before present). Relative to the pre-industrial climate, LGM atmospheric CO2 ...

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