Now showing items 246-265 of 6251

    • Anatomy of an oil spill : long-term effects from the grounding of the barge Florida off West Falmouth, Massachusetts 

      Sanders, Howard L.; Grassle, J. Frederick; Hampson, George R.; Morse, Linda S.; Garner-Price, Susan; Jones, Carol C. (Yale University, 1980-05)
      To determine carefully the effects on the marine and estuarine benthos of Number 2 fuel oil spilled by the barge FLORIDA off West Falmouth, Massachusetts, we sampled for many months along an onshore-offshore gradient of ...
    • Anchovy data of Chesapeake Bay 

      Pierson, James J.; Houde, Edward (Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact: bco-dmo-data@whoi.edu, 2017-04-20)
      These data represent a merging of electronic data collected from the MOCNESS sensor systems and the bay anchovy counts and abundance from the samples collected with the MOCNESS net tows. For a complete list of measurements, ...
    • Ancient DNA derived from alkenone-biosynthesizing haptophytes and other algae in Holocene sediments from the Black Sea 

      Coolen, Marco J. L.; Boere, Arjan C.; Abbas, Ben; Baas, Marianne; Wakeham, Stuart G.; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-02-18)
      Holocene sea surface temperatures (SST) of the Black Sea have been reconstructed using sedimentary C37 unsaturated alkenones assumed to be derived from the coccolithophorid haptophyte Emiliania huxleyi, whose fossil ...
    • Ancient DNA techniques : applications for deep-water corals 

      Waller, Rhian G.; Adkins, Jess F.; Robinson, Laura F.; Shank, Timothy M. (University of Miami - Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, 2007-11-01)
      The potential applications of ancient DNA (aDNA) techniques have been realized relatively recently, and have been revolutionized by the advent of pCR techniques in the mid 1980s. Although these techniques have been proven ...
    • And on top of all that… coping with ocean acidification in the midst of many stressors 

      Breitburg, Denise L.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Bernhard, Joan M.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Dupont, Sam; Doney, Scott C.; Kroeker, Kristy J.; Levin, Lisa A.; Long, W. Christopher; Milke, Lisa M.; Miller, Seth H.; Phelan, Beth; Passow, Uta; Seibel, Brad A.; Todgham, Anne E.; Tarrant, Ann M. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
      Oceanic and coastal waters are acidifying due to processes dominated in the open ocean by increasing atmospheric CO2 and dominated in estuaries and some coastal waters by nutrient-fueled respiration. The patterns and ...
    • Animating the carbon cycle 

      Schmitz, Oswald J.; Raymond, Peter A.; Estes, James A.; Kurz, Werner A.; Holtgrieve, Gordon W.; Ritchie, Mark E.; Schindler, Daniel E.; Spivak, Amanda C.; Wilson, Rod W.; Bradford, Mark A.; Christensen, Villy; Deegan, Linda A.; Smetacek, Victor; Vanni, Michael J.; Wilmers, Christopher C. (2013-08)
      Understanding the biogeochemical processes regulating carbon cycling is central to mitigating atmospheric CO2 emissions. The role of living organisms has been accounted for, but the focus has traditionally been on ...
    • Anisotropic material transport by eddies and eddy-driven currents in a model of the North Atlantic 

      Kamenkovich, Igor V.; Berloff, Pavel S.; Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2009-12)
      This study analyzes anisotropic properties of the material transport by eddies and eddy-driven zonal jets in a general circulation model of the North Atlantic through the analysis of Lagrangian particle trajectories. ...
    • Anisotropy and the structural evolution of the oceanic upper mantle 

      Forsyth, Donald W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1973-09)
      The dispersion of Love and Rayleigh waves in the period range 17-167 sec. is used to detect the change in the structure of the upper mantle as the age of the sea-floor increases away from the mid-ocean ridge. Using the ...
    • Anisotropy in high-frequency broadband acoustic backscattering in the presence of turbulent microstructure and zooplankton 

      Leong, Doris; Ross, Tetjana; Lavery, Andone C. (Acoustical Society of America, 2012-08)
      High-frequency broadband (120–600 kHz) acoustic backscattering measurements have been made in the vicinity of energetic internal waves. The transducers on the backscattering system could be adjusted so as to insonify the ...
    • Anisotropy in seafloor flange, slab, and crust samples from measurements of permeability and porosity : implications for fluid flow and deposit evolution 

      Gribbin, Jill L.; Zhu, Wenlu; Tivey, Margaret K. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-03-21)
      Seafloor hydrothermal vents accommodate the convective transfer of fluids from subsurface environments to the oceans. In addition to black smoker chimneys, a variety of other deposit-types form. Flanges protrude from the ...
    • Annual and semiannual cycle of equatorial Atlantic circulation associated with basin-mode resonance 

      Brandt, Peter; Claus, Martin; Greatbatch, Richard J.; Kopte, Robert; Toole, John M.; Johns, William E.; Böning, Claus W. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-10-05)
      Seasonal variability of the tropical Atlantic circulation is dominated by the annual cycle, but semiannual variability is also pronounced, despite weak forcing at that period. This study uses multiyear, full-depth velocity ...
    • The annual cycle of gross primary production, net community production, and export efficiency across the North Pacific Ocean 

      Palevsky, Hilary I.; Quay, Paul D.; Lockwood, Deirdre E.; Nicholson, David P. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-02-27)
      We measured triple oxygen isotopes and oxygen/argon dissolved gas ratios as nonincubation-based geochemical tracers of gross oxygen production (GOP) and net community production (NCP) on 16 container ship transects across ...
    • The annual cycle of the Japan Sea throughflow 

      Kida, Shinichiro; Qiu, Bo; Yang, Jiayan; Lin, Xiaopei (American Meteorological Society, 2016-01)
      The mechanism responsible for the annual cycle of the flow through the straits of the Japan Sea is investigated using a two-layer model. Observations show maximum throughflow from summer to fall and minimum in winter, ...
    • Annual cycles of ecological disturbance and recovery underlying the subarctic Atlantic spring plankton bloom 

      Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Doney, Scott C.; Lima, Ivan D.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Siegel, David A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-06-20)
      Satellite measurements allow global assessments of phytoplankton concentrations and, from observed temporal changes in biomass, direct access to net biomass accumulation rates (r). For the subarctic Atlantic basin, analysis ...
    • Annual report of the Coastal Research Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

      Farrington, John W. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-01)
      Coastal research at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution was the subject of a special series of seminars and discussions in 1978-1979 which led to the identification of three important issues: (1) The need for more ...
    • Annual, seasonal, and interannual variability of air-sea heat fluxes in the Indian Ocean 

      Yu, Lisan; Jin, Xiangze; Weller, Robert A. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-07-01)
      This study investigated the accuracy and physical representation of air–sea surface heat flux estimates for the Indian Ocean on annual, seasonal, and interannual time scales. Six heat flux products were analyzed, including ...
    • Anomalous chlorofluorocarbon uptake by mesoscale eddies in the Drake Passage region 

      Song, Hajoon; Marshall, John C.; Gaube, Peter; McGillicuddy, Dennis J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-02-23)
      The role of mesoscale eddies in the uptake of anthropogenic chlorofluorocarbon-11 (CFC-11) gas is investigated with a 1/20° eddy-resolving numerical ocean model of a region of the Southern Ocean. With a relatively fast ...
    • Anomalous porosity preservation and preferential accumulation of gas hydrate in the Andaman accretionary wedge, NGHP-01 site 17A 

      Rose, Kelly K.; Johnson, Joel E.; Torres, Marta E.; Hong, Wei-Li; Giosan, Liviu; Solomon, Evan A.; Kastner, Miriam; Cawthern, Thomas; Long, Philip E.; Schaef, H. Todd (Elsevier, 2014-06-06)
      In addition to well established properties that control the presence or absence of the hydrate stability zone, such as pressure, temperature, and salinity, additional parameters appear to influence the concentration of gas ...
    • Antarctic bottom and lower circumpolar deep water circulation in the eastern Indian Ocean 

      Sloyan, Bernadette M. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-02-15)
      Net northward transport below γn > 28.1 kgm−3 (≈3200 m) into the Perth Basin of between 4.4 and 5.8 Sv is estimated from a year-long current meter mooring array between the Broken and Naturaliste Plateaus. Northward ...
    • Antarctic glacial chronology : new constraints from surface exposure dating 

      Ackert, Robert P. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-06)
      Surface exposure dating, using the concentration of cosmogenic nuclides (3He, 21Ne, and 36Cl) in moraine boulders, combined with mapping of glacial moraines from three key locations, is used to provide new constraints ...