Now showing items 1940-1959 of 5526

    • Freshwater composition of the waters off southeast Greenland and their link to the Arctic Ocean 

      Sutherland, David A.; Pickart, Robert S.; Jones, E. Peter; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Eert, A. Jane; Olafsson, Jon (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05-27)
      The freshwater composition of waters on the southeast Greenland shelf and slope are described using a set of high-resolution transects occupied in summer 2004, which included hydrographic, velocity, nutrient, and chemical ...
    • Freshwater content variability in the Arctic Ocean 

      Hakkinen, Sirpa M. A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2004-03-31)
      Arctic Ocean model simulations have revealed that the Arctic Ocean has a basin-wide oscillation with cyclonic and anticyclonic circulation anomalies (Arctic Ocean Oscillation (AOO)) that has a prominent decadal variability ...
    • Freshwater export from the Labrador Current to the North Atlantic Current at the Tail of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland 

      Fratantoni, Paula S.; McCartney, Michael S. (2009-11)
      Historical hydrographic data, spanning the period 1896-2006, are used to examine the annual mean and seasonal variations in the distribution of freshwater along and across the shelf/slope boundary along the Labrador and ...
    • Friction, frontogenesis, and the stratification of the surface mixed layer 

      Thomas, Leif N.; Ferrari, Raffaele (American Meteorological Society, 2008-11)
      The generation and destruction of stratification in the surface mixed layer of the ocean is understood to result from vertical turbulent transport of buoyancy and momentum driven by air–sea fluxes and stresses. In this ...
    • Frictional behavior of oceanic transform faults and its influence on earthquake characteristics 

      Liu, Yajing; McGuire, Jeffrey J.; Behn, Mark D. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-04-26)
      We use a three-dimensional strike-slip fault model in the framework of rate and state-dependent friction to investigate earthquake behavior and scaling relations on oceanic transform faults (OTFs). Gabbro friction data ...
    • From salty to fresh—salinity processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study-2 (SPURS-2) : diagnosing the physics of a rainfall-dominated salinity minimum 

      Schmitt, Raymond W.; Asher, William; Bingham, Frederick; Carton, James A.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gordon, Arnold L.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Jessup, Andrew T.; Kessler, William S.; Rainville, Luc; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-03)
      One of the notable features of the global ocean is that the salinity of the North Atlantic is about 1 psu higher than that of the North Pacific. This contrast is thought to be due to one of the large asymmetries in the ...
    • From serpentinization to carbonation : new insights from a CO2 injection experiment 

      Klein, Frieder; McCollom, Thomas M. (2013-08)
      We injected a CO2-rich hydrous fluid of seawater chlorinity into an ongoing, mildly reducing (H2(aq) ≈ 3 mmol/kg) serpentinization experiment at 230°C and 35 MPa to examine the changes in fluid chemistry and mineralogy ...
    • Fronts and frontogenesis in relation to vorticity 

      Petterssen, Sverre; Austin, James Murdoch (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1942-01)
      Soon after the discovery of the polar front, it was realized that fronts were subject to processes which either increased or diminished their intensity. Thus, fronts may form in fields where the distributiori of the ...
    • Frozen magma lenses below the oceanic crust 

      Nedimovic, Mladen R.; Carbotte, Suzanne M.; Harding, Alistair J.; Detrick, Robert S.; Canales, J. Pablo; Diebold, John B.; Kent, Graham M.; Tischer, Michael; Babcock, Jeffrey M. (2005-06-15)
      The Earth's oceanic crust crystallizes from magmatic systems generated at mid-ocean ridges. Whereas a single magma body residing within the mid-crust is thought to be responsible for the generation of the upper oceanic ...
    • An FSK telemetry module for vector measuring current meters 

      Fucile, Paul D.; Valdes, James R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-12)
      The EG&G Vector Measuring Current Meter (VMCM) used in mooring work provides a 20 ma Serial ASCII Instrumentation Loop (SAIL) communication system. A projected application of the VMCM is to have a surface mooring ...
    • Fukushima 137Cs at the base of planktonic food webs off Japan 

      Baumann, Zofia; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Gobler, Christopher J.; Buesseler, Ken O.; George, J. A.; Breier, Crystaline F.; Nishikawa, Jun (2015-09-18)
      The potential bioaccumulation of 137Cs in marine food webs off Japan became a concern following the release of radioactive contaminants from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant into the coastal ocean. Previous ...
    • Fukushima and ocean radioactivity 

      Buesseler, Ken O. (The Oceanography Society, 2014-03)
      The triple disaster of the March 11, 2011, earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent radiation releases from Japan's Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant were unprecedented events for the ocean and society. In this article, ...
    • Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan 

      Buesseler, Ken O.; Jayne, Steven R.; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Rypina, Irina I.; Baumann, Hannes; Baumann, Zofia; Breier, Crystaline F.; Douglass, Elizabeth M.; George, Jennifer; Macdonald, Alison M.; Miyamoto, Hiroomi; Nishikawa, Jun; Pike, Steven M.; Yoshida, Sachiko (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-04-02)
    • Full circumpolar migration ensures evolutionary unity in the Emperor penguin 

      Cristofari, Robin; Bertorelle, Giorgio; ANCEL, André; Benazzo, Andrea; Le Maho, Yvon; Ponganis, Paul J.; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Trathan, Phil N.; Whittington, Jason D.; Zanetti, Enrico; Zitterbart, Daniel; Le Bohec, Céline; Trucchi, Emiliano (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-06-14)
      Defining reliable demographic models is essential to understand the threats of ongoing environmental change. Yet, in the most remote and threatened areas, models are often based on the survey of a single population, assuming ...
    • Functional anatomy of the Macrouridae (Teleostei, Gadiformes) 

      McLellan, Tracy (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1976-05)
      Osteology and myology of the head of 21 species of macrourids and two closely related species are described. A general model of the mechanics of the macrourid head during feeding has been developed based on the ...
    • Functional characterization and expression of molluscan detoxification enzymes and transporters involved in dietary allelochemical resistance 

      Whalen, Kristen E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2008-06)
      Understanding how organisms deal with potentially toxic or fitness-reducing allelochemicals is important for understanding patterns of predation and herbivory in the marine environment. The ability of marine consumers ...
    • Functional connectivity of coral reef fishes in a tropical seascape assessed by compound-specific stable isotope analyses 

      McMahon, Kelton W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2011-02)
      The ecological integrity of tropical habitats, including mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs, is coming under increasing pressure from human activities. Many coral reef fish species are thought to use mangroves and ...
    • Functional genomics of a non-toxic Alexandrium lusitanicum culture 

      Martins, Claudia A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-02)
      Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is a human intoxication associated with the consumption of shellfish contaminated with a family of neurotoxins called saxitoxins. Many species in the dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium ...
    • Functions of height and width dimensions in the intertidal mussel, Mytilus californianus 

      Blythe, Jonathan N.; Lea, David W. (National Shellfisheries Association, 2008-04)
      A mussel's shell records its history of growth. We investigated variability in the size and shape of mussel shells of Mytilus californianus Conrad (1837) to test the hypothesis that the mussel shell provides information ...
    • Fundulus as the premier teleost model in environmental biology : opportunities for new insights using genomics 

      Burnett, Karen G.; Bain, Lisa J.; Baldwin, William S.; Callard, Gloria V.; Cohen, Sarah; Di Giulio, Richard T.; Evans, David H.; Gomez-Chiarri, Marta; Hahn, Mark E.; Hoover, Cindi A.; Karchner, Sibel I.; Katoh, Fumi; MacLatchy, Deborah L.; Marshall, William S.; Meyer, Joel N.; Nacci, Diane E.; Oleksiak, Marjorie F.; Rees, Bernard B.; Singer, Thomas D.; Stegeman, John J.; Towle, David W.; Van Veld, Peter A.; Vogelbein, Wolfgang K.; Whitehead, Andrew; Winn, Richard N.; Crawford, Douglas L. (2007-09-01)
      A strong foundation of basic and applied research documents that the estuarine fish Fundulus heteroclitus and related species are unique laboratory and field models for understanding how individuals and populations interact ...