Now showing items 1900-1919 of 5530

    • Fluid mechanical measurements within the boundary layer over the northern California Continental Shelf during STRESS 

      Fredericks, Janet J.; Trowbridge, John H.; Williams, Albert J.; Lentz, Steven J.; Butman, Bradford; Gross, Thomas F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-09)
      In studying the processes controlling particle distrbution of fine sediments over the continental shelf, the height, structure and dynamics of the bottom boundary layer must be better understood. The Sediment Transport ...
    • Fluid mechanics applied to the study of atmospheric circulations. I. A study of flow patterns with the aid of isentropic analysis. 

      Rossby, Carl-Gustaf; Namias, Jerome; Simmers, Ritchie G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1938-12)
      This paper constitutes Part I of a report on certain investigations which have been in progress at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during the past few years and which have been supported in part with funds ...
    • Flux and size fractionation of He-3 in interplanetary dust from Antarctic ice core samples 

      Brook, Edward J.; Kurz, Mark D.; Curtice, Joshua (2009-07-12)
      Accretion of extraterrestrial material to earth is of interest for a variety of reasons, including as a possible driver of long or short-term climate change, and as a record of solar system events preserved in the ...
    • Flux measurements of explosive degassing using a yearlong hydroacoustic record at an erupting submarine volcano 

      Dziak, Robert P.; Baker, Edward T.; Shaw, Alison M.; Bohnenstiehl, DelWayne R.; Chadwick, William W.; Haxel, Joseph H.; Matsumoto, Haru; Walker, Sharon L. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-11-29)
      The output of gas and tephra from volcanoes is an inherently disorganized process that makes reliable flux estimates challenging to obtain. Continuous monitoring of gas flux has been achieved in only a few instances at ...
    • Fluxes and gas transfer rates of the biogenic trace gas DMS derived from atmospheric gradients 

      Zemmelink, Hendrik J.; Dacey, John W. H.; Hintsa, Eric J.; McGillis, Wade R.; Gieskes, Winfried W. C.; Klaassen, Wim; de Groot, Henk W.; Baar, Hein J. W. de (American Geophysical Union, 2004-06-30)
      Gas transfer rates were determined from vertical profile measurements of atmospheric dimethylsulfide (DMS) gradients over the equatorial Pacific Ocean obtained during the GasEx-2001 cruise. A quadratic relationship between ...
    • Fluxes, dynamics and chemistry of particulates in the ocean 

      Gardner, Wilford D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1977-10)
      Sediment traps designed to yield quantitative data of particulate fluxes have been deployed and successfully recovered on four moorings in the deep sea. The traps were designed after extensive calibration of different ...
    • The Flying Fish, an untethered oceanographic sensor platform with acoustic homing capability 

      Hoyt, Joshua King (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-05)
      The Flying Fish is an autonomous, streamlined, gravity driven underwater vehicle of high speed (15 knots) vertical excursions to depths of 6000 meters. This prototype uses short baseline acoustic interferometry to guide ...
    • Focus detection from digital in-line holograms based on spectral l1 norms 

      Li, Weichang; Loomis, Nicholas C.; Hu, Qiao; Davis, Cabell S. (2007-05-16)
      In this paper a rapid focus detection technique is developed for objects imaged using digital in-line holograms. It differs from previous approaches in that it is based directly on the spectral content of the object ...
    • Focusing of upward fluid migration beneath volcanic arcs : effect of mineral grain size variation in the mantle wedge 

      Wada, Ikuko; Behn, Mark D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-13)
      We use numerical models to investigate the effects of mineral grain size variation on fluid migration in the mantle wedge at subduction zones and on the location of the volcanic arc. Previous coupled thermal-grain size ...
    • Foehn winds link climate-driven warming to ice shelf evolution in Antarctica 

      Cape, Mattias R.; Vernet, Maria; Skvarca, Pedro; Marinsek, Sebastian; Scambos, Ted; Domack, Eugene (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-03)
      Rapid warming of the Antarctic Peninsula over the past several decades has led to extensive surface melting on its eastern side, and the disintegration of the Prince Gustav, Larsen A, and Larsen B ice shelves. The warming ...
    • Following a foraging fish-finder : diel habitat use of Blainville's beaked whales revealed by echolocation 

      Arranz, Patricia; Aguilar De Soto, Natacha; Madsen, Peter T.; Brito, Alberto; Bordes, Fernando; Johnson, Mark P. (Public Library of Science, 2011-12-07)
      Simultaneous high resolution sampling of predator behavior and habitat characteristics is often difficult to achieve despite its importance in understanding the foraging decisions and habitat use of predators. Here we tap ...
    • Food habits of Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) off the coast of New England 

      Craddock, James E.; Polloni, Pamela T.; Hayward, Brett; Wenzel, Frederick W. (U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA NMFS, 2009-07)
      Although the Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) is one of the most common dolphins off New England, little has been documented about its diet in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Current federal ...
    • Food habits of Sowerby’s beaked whales (Mesoplodon bidens) taken in the pelagic drift gillnet fishery of the western North Atlantic 

      Wenzel, Frederick W.; Polloni, Pamela T.; Craddock, James E.; Gannon, Damon P.; Nicolas, John R.; Read, Andrew J.; Rosel, Patricia E. (National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2013-08)
      We describe the food habits of the Sowerby’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bidens) from observations of 10 individuals taken as bycatch in the pelagic drift gillnet fishery for Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the western ...
    • Forcing of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures during the mid-Pleistocene transition 

      Schefuß, Enno; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S.; Jansen, J. H. Fred (American Geophysical Union, 2004-12-28)
      We compare a new mid-Pleistocene sea surface temperature (SST) record from the eastern tropical Atlantic to changes in continental ice volume, orbital insolation, Atlantic deepwater ventilation, and Southern Ocean front ...
    • The forgotten whale : a bibliometric analysis and literature review of the North Atlantic sei whale Balaenoptera borealis 

      Prieto, Rui; Janiger, David; Silva, Monica A.; Waring, Gordon T.; Goncalves, Joao M. A. (2012-07)
      1. A bibliometric analysis of the literature on the sei whale Balaenoptera borealis is presented. Research output on the species is quantified and compared with research on four other whale species. The results show a ...
    • Form, function and flow in the plankton : jet propulsion and filtration by pelagic tunicates 

      Sutherland, Kelly R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-02)
      Trade-offs between filtration rate and swimming performance among several salp species with distinct morphologies and swimming styles were compared. Small-scale particle encounter at the salp filtering apparatus was also ...
    • Formation and erosion of the seasonal thermocline in the Kuroshio Extension Recirculation Gyre 

      Cronin, Meghan F.; Bond, Nicholas A.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Jayne, Steven R.; Kawai, Yoshimi; Konda, Masanori; Qiu, Bo; Rainville, Luc; Tomita, Hiroyuki (Elsevier Ltd., 2012-07-21)
      Data from the Kuroshio Extension Observatory (KEO) surface mooring are used to analyze the balance of processes affecting the upper ocean heat content and surface mixed layer temperature variations in the Recirculation ...
    • Formation and export of deep water in the Labrador and Irminger Seas in a GCM 

      Deshayes, Julie; Frankignoul, Claude; Drange, Helge (2006-12-13)
      The influence of changes in the rate of deep water formation in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre on the variability of the transport in the Deep Western Boundary Current is investigated in a realistic hind cast simulation ...
    • The formation and fate of internal waves in the South China Sea 

      Alford, Matthew H.; Peacock, Thomas; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Buijsman, Maarten C.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Chao, Shenn-Yu; Chang, Ming-Huei; Farmer, David M.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Fu, Ke-Hsien; Gallacher, Patrick C.; Graber, Hans C.; Helfrich, Karl R.; Jachec, Steven M.; Jackson, Christopher R.; Klymak, Jody M.; Ko, Dong S.; Jan, Sen; Johnston, T. M. Shaun; Legg, Sonya; Lee, I-Huan; Lien, Ren-Chieh; Mercier, Matthieu J.; Moum, James N.; Musgrave, Ruth; Park, Jae-Hun; Pickering, Andrew I.; Pinkel, Robert; Rainville, Luc; Ramp, Steven R.; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Sarkar, Sutanu; Scotti, Alberto; Simmons, Harper L.; St Laurent, Louis C.; Venayagamoorthy, Subhas K.; Wang, Yu-Huai; Wang, Joe; Yang, Yiing-Jang; Paluszkiewicz, Theresa; Tang, Tswen Yung (2015-03)
      Internal gravity waves, the subsurface analogue of the familiar surface gravity waves that break on beaches, are ubiquitous in the ocean. Because of their strong vertical and horizontal currents, and the turbulent mixing ...
    • Formation and spreading of Red Sea Outflow Water in the Red Sea 

      Zhai, Ping; Bower, Amy S.; Smethie, William M.; Pratt, Lawrence J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-29)
      Hydrographic data, chlorofluorocarbon-12 (CFC-12) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) measurements collected in March 2010 and September–October 2011 in the Red Sea, as well as an idealized numerical experiment are used to study ...