Now showing items 1554-1573 of 6221

    • Dynamics of the direct intrusion of Gulf Stream ring water onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf 

      Zhang, Weifeng G.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-30)
      Onshore intrusions of offshore waters onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf can greatly affect shelf circulation, biogeochemistry, and fisheries. Previous studies have concentrated on onshore intrusions of slope water. Here ...
    • Dynamics of the equatorial undercurrent and its termination 

      Wacongne, Sophie H. C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-01)
      This study focuses on the zonal weakening, eastern termination and seasonal variations of the Atlantic equatorial undercurrent (EUC). The main and most original contribution of the dissertation is a detailed analysis ...
    • Dynamics of the outer planets : 1992 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 

      Flierl, Glenn R.; Ingersoll, Andrew P.; Yano, Jun-Ichi; Ewing-DeRemer, Barbara (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992)
      The topic this summer was "The Dynamics of the Outer Planets." Andrew Ingersoll gave an excellent review of the current understanding of the strcture of the atmospheres of Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, and Uranus. He presented ...
    • The dynamics of unsteady strait and sill flow 

      Pratt, Lawrence J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-04)
      The dynamics of steady and unsteady channel flow over large obstacles is studied analytically and numerically in an attempt to determine the applicability of classical hydraulic concepts to such flows. The study is motivated ...
    • Early anthropogenic transformation of the Danube-Black Sea system 

      Giosan, Liviu; Coolen, Marco J. L.; Kaplan, Jed O.; Constantinescu, Stefan; Filip, Florin; Filipova-Marinova, Mariana; Kettner, Albert J.; Thom, Nick (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-08-30)
      Over the last century humans have altered the export of fluvial materials leading to significant changes in morphology, chemistry, and biology of the coastal ocean. Here we present sedimentary, paleoenvironmental and ...
    • Early assessment of seasonal forage availability for mitigating the impact of drought on East African pastoralists 

      Vrieling, Anton; Meroni, Michele; Mude, Andrew G.; Chantarat, Sommarat; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; de Bie, Kees (C.A.J.M.) (2015-11)
      Pastoralist households across East Africa face major livestock losses during drought periods that can cause persistent poverty. For Kenya and southern Ethiopia, an existing index insurance scheme aims to reduce the adverse ...
    • Early exposure of bay scallops (Argopecten irradians) to high CO2 causes a decrease in larval shell growth 

      White, Meredith M.; McCorkle, Daniel C.; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Cohen, Anne L. (Public Library of Science, 2013-04-15)
      Ocean acidification, characterized by elevated pCO2 and the associated decreases in seawater pH and calcium carbonate saturation state (Ω), has a variable impact on the growth and survival of marine invertebrates. Larval ...
    • Early ice retreat and ocean warming may induce copepod biogeographic boundary shifts in the Arctic Ocean 

      Feng, Zhixuan; Ji, Rubao; Campbell, Robert G.; Ashjian, Carin J.; Zhang, Jinlun (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-08-20)
      Early ice retreat and ocean warming are changing various facets of the Arctic marine ecosystem, including the biogeographic distribution of marine organisms. Here an endemic copepod species, Calanus glacialis, was used as ...
    • Early life history and fisheries oceanography : new questions in a changing world 

      Llopiz, Joel K.; Cowen, Robert K.; Hauff, Martha J.; Ji, Rubao; Munday, Philip L.; Muhling, Barbara A.; Peck, Myron A.; Richardson, David E.; Sogard, Susan M.; Sponaugle, Su (The Oceanography Society, 2014-12)
      In the past 100 years since the birth of fisheries oceanography, research on the early life history of fishes, particularly the larval stage, has been extensive, and much progress has been made in identifying the mechanisms ...
    • Early Miocene Mollusca from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica (ANDRILL 2A drill core), with a review of Antarctic Oligocene and Neogene Pectinidae (Bivalvia) 

      Beu, Alan; Taviani, Marco (2013-06)
      Retrotapes andrillorum n. sp., Hiatella cf. arctica (Linnaeus, 1767), ?Yoldia sp. (internal mould), and six taxa of Pectinidae are reported from the Burdigalian section of the ANDRILL 2A core, drilled in McMurdo Sound, ...
    • Early Pliocene increase in thermohaline overturning : a precondition for the development of the modern equatorial Pacific cold tongue 

      Steph, Silke; Tiedemann, Ralf; Prange, Matthias; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Schulz, Michael; Timmermann, Axel; Nurnberg, Dirk; Ruhlemann, Carsten; Saukel, Cornelia; Haug, Gerald H. (American Geophysical Union, 2010-04-15)
      Unraveling the processes responsible for Earth's climate transition from an “El Niño–like state” during the warm early Pliocene into a modern-like “La Niña–dominated state” currently challenges the scientific community. ...
    • Early season depletion of dissolved iron in the Ross Sea polynya : implications for iron dynamics on the Antarctic continental shelf 

      Sedwick, Peter N.; Marsay, Christopher M.; Sohst, Bettina M.; Aguilar-Islas, Ana M.; Lohan, M. C.; Long, Matthew C.; Arrigo, Kevin R.; Dunbar, Robert B.; Saito, Mak A.; Smith, Walker O.; DiTullio, Giacomo R. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-12-15)
      The Ross Sea polynya is among the most productive regions in the Southern Ocean and may constitute a significant oceanic CO2 sink. Based on results from several field studies, this region has been considered seasonally ...
    • Earthquake behavior and structure of oceanic transform faults 

      Roland, Emily C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-02)
      Oceanic transform faults that accommodate strain at mid-ocean ridge offsets represent a unique environment for studying fault mechanics. Here, I use seismic observations and models to explore how fault structure affects ...
    • Earthquake scaling relations for mid-ocean ridge transform faults 

      Boettcher, Margaret S.; Jordan, T. H. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-12-09)
      A mid-ocean ridge transform fault (RTF) of length L, slip rate V, and moment release rate dot above M can be characterized by a seismic coupling coefficient χ = A E/A T, where A E ∼ dot above M/V is an effective seismic ...
    • Earthquake swarms driven by aseismic creep in the Salton Trough, California 

      Lohman, Rowena B.; McGuire, Jeffrey J. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-04-10)
      In late August 2005, a swarm of more than a thousand earthquakes between magnitudes 1 and 5.1 occurred at the Obsidian Buttes, near the southern San Andreas Fault. This swarm provides the best opportunity to date to assess ...
    • Earthquake swarms on transform faults 

      Roland, Emily C.; McGuire, Jeffrey J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2009-06-04)
      Swarm-like earthquake sequences are commonly observed in a diverse range of geological settings including volcanic and geothermal regions as well as along transform plate boundaries. They typically lack a clear mainshock, ...
    • The East Greenland Coastal Current : its structure variability, and large-scale impact 

      Sutherland, David A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2008-02)
      The subtidal circulation of the southeast Greenland shelf is described using a set of highresolution hydrographic and velocity transects occupied in summer 2004. The main feature present is the East Greenland Coastal ...
    • The East Greenland Coastal Current : structure, variability, and forcing 

      Sutherland, David A.; Pickart, Robert S. (2008-03-12)
      The subtidal circulation of the southeast Greenland shelf is described using a set of high-resolution hydrographic and velocity transects occupied in summer 2004. The main feature is the East Greenland Coastal Current ...
    • The East Greenland Spill Jet 

      Pickart, Robert S.; Torres, Daniel J.; Fratantoni, Paula S. (American Meteorological Society, 2005-06)
      High-resolution hydrographic and velocity measurements across the East Greenland shelf break south of Denmark Strait have revealed an intense, narrow current banked against the upper continental slope. This is believed to ...
    • The East Greenland Spill Jet as an important component of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 

      von Appen, Wilken-Jon; Koszalka, Inga M.; Pickart, Robert S.; Haine, Thomas W. N.; Mastropole, Dana; Magaldi, Marcello G.; Valdimarsson, Hedinn; Girton, James B.; Jochumsen, Kerstin; Krahmann, Gerd (2014-06-03)
      The recently discovered East Greenland Spill Jet is a bottom-intensified current on the upper continental slope south of Denmark Strait, transporting intermediate density water equatorward. Until now the Spill Jet has ...