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Fluctuations in export productivity over the last century from sediments of a southern Chilean fjord (44°S)

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dc.contributor.author Sepulveda, Julio
dc.contributor.author Pantoja, Silvio
dc.contributor.author Hughen, Konrad A.
dc.contributor.author Lange, Carina B.
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez, Fidelina
dc.contributor.author Munoz, Praxedes
dc.contributor.author Rebolledo, Lorena
dc.contributor.author Castro, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.author Contreras, Sergio
dc.contributor.author Avila, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Rossel, Pamela
dc.contributor.author Lorca, Gisella
dc.contributor.author Salamanca, Marco
dc.contributor.author Silva, Nelson
dc.date.accessioned 2006-01-09T14:00:22Z
dc.date.available 2006-01-09T14:00:22Z
dc.date.issued 2005-07-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/397
dc.description Author Posting. © The Authors, 2005. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B. V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 65 (2005): 587-600, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2005.07.005.
dc.description.abstract Here we present the first reconstruction of changes in surface primary production during the last century from the Puyuhuapi fjord in southern Chile, using a variety of parameters (diatoms, biogenic silica, total organic carbon, chlorins, and proteins) as productivity proxies. Two sediment cores from the head and the center of the fjord were analyzed and compared to gain insights on past changes in productivity in these two different depositional environments. Higher sedimentation rates found at the head of the fjord result from the combination of a shallower water column and a restricted circulation by the occurrence of a sill. Additionally, sediment mixing depths estimated from 210Pb data suggest that suboxic conditions may dominate the bottom water and the sediment-water interface in this location. Productivity of the Puyuhuapi fjord during the last century was characterized by a constant increase from the late 19th century to the early 1980s, then decreased until the late-1990s, and then rose again to present-day values. The influence of rainfall on productivity was most noticeable during periods of low rainfall, which coincided with decreased overall productivity within the Puyuhuapi fjord. Simultaneous variations in productivity and rainfall in the study area suggest that marine productivity could respond to atmospheric-oceanic interactions at a local scale. At a regional scale, marine productivity of the area may be related to other large-scale processes such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation. en
dc.description.sponsorship We are grateful to the Ministerio de Hacienda de Chile (Chilean Ministry of Treasury) and the National Oceanographic Committee (CONA) for financial support to carry out the Cimar-7 Fiordo Program (Grant C7F 01-10 to Silvio Pantoja), the FONDAP-COPAS Center, and Grant 200.031.085-1 (UdeC) for financial support. Sepúlveda was funded by a scholarship from the Graduate School of the University of Concepción and by the FONDAP-COPAS Center. Additional support was given by Fundación Andes through the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution/University of Concepción agreement. en
dc.format.extent 603977 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2005.07.005
dc.subject Paleoproductivity en
dc.subject Organic matter en
dc.subject Fjords en
dc.subject Chile en
dc.title Fluctuations in export productivity over the last century from sediments of a southern Chilean fjord (44°S) en
dc.type Preprint en


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