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dc.contributor.authorZhu, Jian  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLin, Jian  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yongshun J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTao, Chunhui  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGerman, Christopher R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorYoerger, Dana R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTivey, Maurice A.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-18T16:02:25Z
dc.date.available2011-03-21T08:23:40Z
dc.date.issued2010-09-21
dc.identifier.citationGeophysical Research Letters 37 (2010): L18303en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/3950
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2010. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 37 (2010): L18303, doi:10.1029/2010GL043542.en_US
dc.description.abstractInversion of near-bottom magnetic data reveals a well-defined low crustal magnetization zone (LMZ) near a local topographic high (37°47′S, 49°39′E) on the ultraslow-spreading Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR). The magnetic data were collected by the autonomous underwater vehicle ABE on board R/V DaYangYiHao in February-March 2007. The first active hydrothermal vent field observed on the SWIR is located in Area A within and adjacent to the LMZ at the local topographic high, implying that this LMZ may be the result of hydrothermal alteration of magnetic minerals. The maximum reduction in crustal magnetization is 3 A/M. The spatial extent of the LMZ is estimated to be at least 6.7 × 104 m2, which is larger than that of the LMZs at the TAG vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR), as well as the Relict Field, Bastille, Dante-Grotto, and New Field vent-sites on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (JdF). The calculated magnetic moment, i.e., the product of the spatial extent and amplitude of crustal magnetization reduction is at least −3 × 107 Am2 for the LMZ on the SWIR, while that for the TAG field on the MAR is −8 × 107 Am2 and that for the four individual vent fields on the JdF range from −5 × 107 to −3 × 107 Am2. Together these results indicate that crustal demagnetization is a common feature of basalt-hosted hydrothermal vent fields at mid-ocean ridges of all spreading rates. Furthermore, the crustal demagnetization of the Area A on the ultraslow-spreading SWIR is comparable in strength to that of the TAG area on the slow-spreading MAR.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by NSF‐China and COMRA Projects 40676023 and DYXM‐115‐02‐03‐02 (JZ and YJC), the Charles D. Hollister Endowed Fund for Support of Innovative Research at WHOI (JL), and the ChEss Program of the Census of Marine Life (CRG).en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL043542
dc.subjectReduced magnetization zoneen_US
dc.subjectSouthwest Indian Ridgeen_US
dc.subjectHydrothermal venten_US
dc.titleA reduced crustal magnetization zone near the first observed active hydrothermal vent field on the Southwest Indian Ridgeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2010GL043542


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