Estimation of sea surface wave spectra using acoustic tomography


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dc.contributor.author Miller, James H.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-10-13T20:08:29Z
dc.date.available 2010-10-13T20:08:29Z
dc.date.issued 1987-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/3944
dc.description Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution August 1987 en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis develops a new technique for estimating quasi-homogeneous and quasi-stationary sea surface wave frequency-direction spectra using acoustic tomography. The analysis of acoustic (mode and ray) phase and travel time perturbations due to a rough sea surface is presented. Two canonical waveguides (ideal shallow water and linear squared index of refraction) are used as examples for the mode perturbation. The analysis is used to explain high mode coherence measured in the FRAM N experiment. The forward problem of computing the acoustic phase and travel time perturbation spectra given the surface wave spectrum is solved to first order. An application of the technique to ray phase data taken during the MIZEX '84 experiment is shown. The inverse problems for the homogeneous and quasi-homogel1eous frequency-direction spectrum are introduced. The theory is applied to synthetic data which simulate a fetch-dependent sea. The estimates made agree well with the "actual" (synthetic data) spectrum. The effect of noise in the travel time estimates is studied. The sensitivity of the technique. to the number of rays used in the inversion is investigated and the resolution and variance of the inverse method are addressed. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Office of Naval Research, the General Electric Foundation, and the Ford Foundation. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Theses en_US
dc.subject Ocean waves en_US
dc.title Estimation of sea surface wave spectra using acoustic tomography en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/3944

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