Using a composite grid approach in a complex coastal domain to estimate estuarine residence time
Warner, John C.
Geyer, W. Rockwell
Arango, Hernan G.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordResidence time; Estuary; Three-dimensional model; Hudson river estuary; ROMS; Composite grid
We investigate the processes that influence residence time in a partially mixed estuary using a three-dimensional circulation model. The complex geometry of the study region is not optimal for a structured grid model and so we developed a new method of grid connectivity. This involves a novel approach that allows an unlimited number of individual grids to be combined in an efficient manner to produce a composite grid. We then implemented this new method into the numerical Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and developed a composite grid of the Hudson River estuary region to investigate the residence time of a passive tracer. Results show that the residence time is a strong function of the time of release (spring vs. neap tide), the along-channel location, and the initial vertical placement. During neap tides there is a maximum in residence time near the bottom of the estuary at the mid-salt intrusion length. During spring tides the residence time is primarily a function of along-channel location and does not exhibit a strong vertical variability. This model study of residence time illustrates the utility of the grid connectivity method for circulation and dispersion studies in regions of complex geometry.
This paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. The definitive version was published in Computers & Geosciences 36 (2010): 921-935, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2009.11.008.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Temperature and residence time controls on an estuarine harmful algal bloom : modeling hydrodynamics and Alexandrium fundyense in Nauset estuary Ralston, David K.; Brosnahan, Michael L.; Fox, Sophia E.; Lee, Krista D.; Anderson, Donald M. (2015-01)A highly resolved, 3-d model of hydrodynamics and Alexandrium fundyense in an estuarine embayment has been developed to investigate the physical and biological controls on a recurrent harmful algal bloom. Nauset estuary ...
Quantifying the residence time and flushing characteristics of a shallow, back-barrier estuary : application of hydrodynamic and particle tracking models Defne, Zafer; Ganju, Neil K. (Springer, 2014-09-23)Estuarine residence time is a major driver of eutrophication and water quality. Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor (BB-LEH), New Jersey, is a lagoonal back-barrier estuary that is subject to anthropogenic pressures including ...
Sholkovitz, Edward R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-11)This technical report serves as an appendix to a recent article by Byrne and Sholkovitz (1996) in the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths (vol. 23, chapter 158, pg. 497-592) edited by K. A. Gschneidner ...