Relaxed eddy accumulation measurements of the sea-to-air transfer of dimethylsulfide over the northeastern Pacific
Zemmelink, Hendrik J.
Gieskes, Winfried W. C.
Beukema, Wim J.
de Groot, Henk W.
Baar, Hein J. W. de
Hintsa, Eric J.
McGillis, Wade R.
Dacey, John W. H.
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Gas transfer rates were determined from relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) measurements of the flux of dimethylsulfide (DMS) over the northeastern Pacific Ocean. This first application of the REA technique for the measurement of DMS fluxes over the open ocean produced estimates of the gas transfer rate that are on average higher than those calculated from commonly used parameterizations. The relationship between the total gas transfer rate and wind speed was found to be gas kgas = 0.53 (±0.05) U102. Because of the effect of the airside resistance, the waterside transfer rate was up to 16% higher than kgas. Removal of the airside transfer component from the total transfer rate resulted in a relation between wind speed and waterside transfer of k660 = 0.61 (±0.06) U102. However, DMS fluxes showed a high degree of scatter that could not readily be accounted for by wind speed and atmospheric stability. It has to be concluded that these measurements do not permit an accurate parameterization of gas transfer as a function of wind speed.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (2004): C01025, doi:10.1029/2002JC001616.
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