Generation and propagation of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay


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dc.contributor.author Scotti, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Beardsley, Robert C.
dc.contributor.author Butman, Bradford
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-12T17:38:30Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-12T17:38:30Z
dc.date.issued 2007-10-02
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (2207): C10001 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/3731
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2007. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (2007): C10001, doi:10.1029/2007JC004313. en_US
dc.description.abstract During the summer, nonlinear internal waves (NLIWs) are commonly observed propagating in Massachusetts Bay. The topography of the area is unique in the sense that the generation area (over Stellwagen Bank) is only 25 km away from the shoaling area, and thus it represents an excellent natural laboratory to study the life cycle of NLIWs. To assist in the interpretation of the data collected during the 1998 Massachusetts Bay Internal Wave Experiment (MBIWE98), a fully nonlinear and nonhydrostatic model covering the generation/shoaling region was developed, to investigate the response of the system to the range of background and driving conditions observed. Simplified models were also used to elucidate the role of nonlinearity and dispersion in shaping the NLIW field. This paper concentrates on the generation process and the subsequent evolution in the basin. The model was found to reproduce well the range of propagation characteristics observed (arrival time, propagation speed, amplitude), and provided a coherent framework to interpret the observations. Comparison with a fully nonlinear hydrostatic model shows that during the generation and initial evolution of the waves as they move away from Stellwagen Bank, dispersive effects play a negligible role. Thus the problem can be well understood considering the geometry of the characteristics along which the Riemann invariants of the hydrostatic problem propagate. Dispersion plays a role only during the evolution of the undular bore in the middle of Stellwagen Basin. The consequences for modeling NLIWs within hydrostatic models are briefly discussed at the end. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship A. Scotti began this project as a Postdoctoral Scholar at theWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, with support from the Johnson Foundation and the USGS. Further support was provided to Scotti by the Office of Naval Research under grants N00014-01-1-0172, N00014- 03-1-0553, and N00014-05-1-0361, and to Beardsley under grants N00014- 98-1-0059, N00014-00-1-0210, and the Smith Chair in Coastal Physical Oceanography. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004313
dc.subject Nonlinear internal waves en_US
dc.subject Generation and propagation en_US
dc.subject Modeling en_US
dc.title Generation and propagation of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1029/2007JC004313

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