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dc.contributor.authorPiontek, J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLunau, M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHandel, N.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBorchard, C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWurst, M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorEngel, A.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationBiogeosciences 7 (2010): 1615–1624en_US
dc.description© The Authors, 2010. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. The definitive version was published in Biogeosciences 7 (2010): 1615–1624, doi:10.5194/bg-7-1615-2010.en_US
dc.description.abstractWith the accumulation of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2), a proceeding decline in seawater pH has been induced that is referred to as ocean acidification. The ocean's capacity for CO2 storage is strongly affected by biological processes, whose feedback potential is difficult to evaluate. The main source of CO2 in the ocean is the decomposition and subsequent respiration of organic molecules by heterotrophic bacteria. However, very little is known about potential effects of ocean acidification on bacterial degradation activity. This study reveals that the degradation of polysaccharides, a major component of marine organic matter, by bacterial extracellular enzymes was significantly accelerated during experimental simulation of ocean acidification. Results were obtained from pH perturbation experiments, where rates of extracellular α- and β-glucosidase were measured and the loss of neutral and acidic sugars from phytoplankton-derived polysaccharides was determined. Our study suggests that a faster bacterial turnover of polysaccharides at lowered ocean pH has the potential to reduce carbon export and to enhance the respiratory CO2 production in the future ocean.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the Helmholtz Association (HZ-NG-102) and the Belgian Science Policy (SD/CS/03).en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Unionen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Unported*
dc.titleAcidification increases microbial polysaccharide degradation in the oceanen_US

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Attribution 3.0 Unported
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 Unported