Impact of ocean carbon system variability on the detection of temporal increases in anthropogenic CO2
Figure S1: Time series of historical (1958–2004) ocean-only model output along the A16 transect at 190 m and (a) 54.9°N, (b) 2.2°S, and (c) 29.1°S, showing the transient run's dissolved inorganic carbon concentrations (light gray), the true Canthro estimates (black), and the low-pass filter estimates of Canthro (dark gray). (500.4Kb)
Levine, Naomi M.
Doney, Scott C.
Fung, Inez Y.
MetadataShow full item record
Estimates of temporal trends in oceanic anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) rely on the ability of empirical methods to remove the large natural variability of the ocean carbon system. A coupled carbon-climate model is used to evaluate these empirical methods. Both the ΔC* and multiple linear regression (MLR) techniques reproduce the predicted increase in dissolved inorganic carbon for the majority of the ocean and have similar average percent errors for decadal differences (24.1% and 25.5%, respectively). However, this study identifies several regions where these methods may introduce errors. Of particular note are mode and deep water formation regions, where changes in air-sea disequilibrium and structure in the MLR residuals introduce errors. These results have significant implications for decadal repeat hydrography programs, indicating the need for subannual sampling in certain regions of the oceans in order to better constrain the natural variability in the system and to robustly estimate the intrusion of anthropogenic CO2.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2008. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (2008): C03019, doi:10.1029/2007JC004153.
Suggested CitationArticle: Levine, Naomi M., Doney, Scott C., Wanninkhof, Rik, Lindsay, Keith, Fung, Inez Y., "Impact of ocean carbon system variability on the detection of temporal increases in anthropogenic CO2", Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (2008): C03019, DOI:10.1029/2007JC004153, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/3625
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Understanding the ocean carbon and sulfur cycles in the context of a variable ocean : a study of anthropogenic carbon storage and dimethylsulfide production in the Atlantic Ocean Levine, Naomi M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-02)Anthropogenic activity is rapidly changing the global climate through the emission of carbon dioxide. Ocean carbon and sulfur cycles have the potential to impact global climate directly and through feedback loops. Numerical ...
Influence of biological carbon export on ocean carbon uptake over the annual cycle across the North Pacific Ocean Palevsky, Hilary I.; Quay, Paul D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-21)We evaluate the influences of biological carbon export, physical circulation, and temperature-driven solubility changes on air-sea CO2 flux across the North Pacific basin (35°N–50°N, 142°E–125°W) throughout the full annual ...
Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks : results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model Thornton, Peter E.; Doney, Scott C.; Lindsay, Keith; Moore, J. Keith; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Randerson, James T.; Fung, Inez Y.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Feddema, J. J.; Lee, Y.-H. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2009-10-08)Inclusion of fundamental ecological interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles in the land component of an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) leads to decreased carbon uptake associated with CO2 ...