Mixing in a coastal environment : 1. A view from dye dispersion
Ledwell, James R.
Duda, Timothy F.
Sundermeyer, Miles A.
Seim, Harvey E.
MetadataShow full item record
Dye release experiments were performed together with microstructure profiling to compare the two methods of estimating diapycnal diffusivity during summer and fall stratification on the continental shelf south of New England. The experiments were done in 1996 and 1997 as part of the Coastal Mixing and Optics Experiment. During the 100 hours or so of the experiments the area of the dye patches grew from less than 1 km2 to more than 50 km2 [ Sundermeyer and Ledwell, 2001 ]. Diapycnal diffusivities inferred from dye dispersion range from 10−6 to 10−5 m2/s at buoyancy frequencies from 9 to 28 cycles/hour. Diffusivities estimated from the dye and those estimated from dissipation rates in the companion paper by Oakey and Greenan  agree closely in most cases. Estimates of diffusivities from towed conductivity microstructure measurements made during the cruises by Duda and Rehmann  and Rehmann and Duda  are fairly consistent with the dye diffusivities. The dye diffusivities would be predicted well by an empirical formula involving shear and stratification statistics developed by MacKinnon and Gregg  from profiling microstructure measurements obtained at the same site in August 1996. All of the measurements support the general conclusion that the diffusivity, averaged over several days, is seldom greater than 10−5 m2/s in the stratified waters at the site, and usually not much greater than 10−6 m2/s. Severe storms, such as a hurricane that passed over the CMO site in 1996, can dramatically increase the mixing at the site, however.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (2004): C10013, doi:10.1029/2003JC002194.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Short-term dispersal of Fukushima-derived radionuclides off Japan : modeling efforts and model-data intercomparison Rypina, Irina I.; Jayne, Steven R.; Yoshida, Sachiko; Macdonald, Alison M.; Douglass, Elizabeth M.; Buesseler, Ken O. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2013-07-24)The Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami that caused a loss of power at the Fukushima nuclear power plants (FNPP) resulted in emission of radioactive isotopes into the atmosphere and the ocean. In June of 2011, an ...
Larval responses to turbulence and temperature in a tidal inlet: Habitat selection by dispersing gastropods? Fuchs, Heidi L.; Solow, Andrew R.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2010-06)Marine larval dispersal is affected by hydrodynamic transport and larval behavior, but little is known about how behavior affects large-scale patterns of dispersal and recruitment. Intertidal habitats are characterized by ...
Sullivan, Lauren L.; Li, Bingtuan; Miller, Tom E. X.; Neubert, Michael G.; Shaw, Allison K. (2017-04)Mitigating the spread of invasive species remains difficult—substantial variability in invasion speed is increasingly well-documented, but the sources of this variability are poorly understood. We report a mechanism for ...