A modeling study of the seasonal oxygen budget of the global ocean
Najjar, Raymond G.
Doney, Scott C.
MetadataShow full item record
An ecosystem model embedded in a global ocean general circulation model is used to quantify roles of biological and physical processes on seasonal oxygen variations. We find that the thermally induced seasonal net outgassing (SNO) of oxygen is overestimated by about 30% if gas phase equilibrium is assumed, and we find that seasonal variations in thermocline oxygen due to biology are approximated well using the oxygen anomaly. Outside the tropics and the north Indian Ocean, biological SNO is, on average, 56% of net community production (defined as net oxygen production above 76 m) during the outgassing period and 35% of annual net community production. In the same region the seasonal drawdown of the oxygen anomaly within the upper thermocline (76–500 m) is 76% of the remineralization during the drawdown and 48% of annual remineralization. Applying model-derived relationships to observed O2 climatologies and using independent estimates for tropical and monsoonal systems, we estimate global net community production to be 14.9 ± 2.5 Pg C yr−1.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2007. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (2007): C05017, doi:10.1029/2006JC003731.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Shanklin, D. Radford (2010-05)Oxygen is central to the development of neonatal lung injury. The increase in oxygen exposure of the neonatal lung during the onset of extrauterine air breathing is an order of magnitude, from a range of 10-12 to 110-120 ...
On the pulmonary toxicity of oxygen. 5. Electronic structure and the paramagnetic property of oxygen Shanklin, D. Radford (2012-06-01)Oxygen uptake by the pulmonary circulation is a chemical reaction. The physicochemical attributesof oxygen are critical when studying pulmonary oxygen toxicity. Extent of lung injury depends onthe percentage of oxygen in ...
French, Katherine L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-02)Tracing the evolution of Earth’s redox history is one of the great challenges of geobiology and geochemistry. The accumulation of photosynthetically derived oxygen transformed the redox state of Earth’s surface environments, ...