Effects of wave shape on sheet flow sediment transport
MetadataShow full item record
A two-phase model is implemented to study the effects of wave shape on the transport of coarse-grained sediment in the sheet flow regime. The model is based on balance equations for the average mass, momentum, and fluctuation energy for both the fluid and sediment phases. Model simulations indicate that the responses of the sheet flow, such as the velocity profiles, the instantaneous bed shear stress, the sediment flux, and the total amount of the mobilized sediment, cannot be fully parameterized by quasi-steady free-stream velocity and may be correlated with the magnitude of local horizontal pressure gradient (or free-stream acceleration). A net sediment flux in the direction of wave advance is obtained for both skewed and saw-tooth wave shapes typical of shoaled and breaking waves. The model further suggests that at critical values of the horizontal pressure gradient, there is a failure event within the bed that mobilizes more sediment into the mobile sheet and enhances the sediment flux. Preliminary attempts to parameterize the total bed shear stress and the total sediment flux appear promising.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (2004): C05025, doi:10.1029/2003JC002075.
Suggested CitationArticle: Hsu, Tian-Jian, Hanes, Daniel M., "Effects of wave shape on sheet flow sediment transport", Journal of Geophysical Research 109 (2004): C05025, DOI:10.1029/2003JC002075, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/3581
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Cheng, Zhen; Hsu, Tian-Jian; Chauchat, Julien (2017-11-08)A three-dimensional Eulerian two-phase flow model for sediment transport in sheet flow conditions is presented. To resolve turbulence and turbulence-sediment interactions, the large-eddy simulation approach is adopted. ...
Eddy interaction model for turbulent suspension in Reynolds-averaged Euler-Lagrange simulations of steady sheet flow Cheng, Zhen; Chauchat, Julien; Hsu, Tian-Jian; Calantoni, Joseph (2017-10-31)A Reynolds-averaged Euler–Lagrange sediment transport model (CFDEM-EIM) was developed for steady sheet flow, where the inter-granular interactions were resolved and the flow turbulence was modeled with a low Reynolds number ...
Report on Sediment Transport Events on Shelf and Slope (STRESS) field season 1 : Winter 1988-1989 Benthic Acoustic Stress Sensor (BASS) Montgomery, Ellyn T.; Dunn, Christopher V. R.; Williams, Albert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1989-12)Data on the effects of winter conditions on the transport of sediment on the continental shelf off Northern California were collected during the flrst year of the Sediment TRansport Events on Shelf and Slope (STRESS) ...