N budgets and aquatic uptake in the Ipswich River basin, northeastern Massachusetts
Hopkinson, Charles S.
Rastetter, Edward B.
Vallino, Joseph J.
MetadataShow full item record
We calculated N budgets and conducted nutrient uptake experiments to evaluate the fate of N in the aquatic environment of the Ipswich River basin, northeastern Massachusetts. A mass balance indicates that the basin retains about 50% of gross N inputs, mostly in terrestrial components of the landscape, and the loss and retention of total nitrogen (TN) in the aquatic environment was about 9% of stream loading. Uptake lengths of PO4 and NH4 were measurable in headwater streams, but NO3 uptake was below detection (minimum detection limit = 0.05 μM). Retention or loss of NO3 was observed in a main stem reach bordered by wetland habitat. Nitrate removal in urban headwater tributaries was because of water withdrawals and denitrification during hypoxic events and in ponded wetlands with long water residence times. A mass balance using an entire river network indicates that basin-wide losses due to aquatic denitrification are considerably lower than estimates from several recent studies and range from 4 to 16% of TDN in stream loading. Withdrawals for domestic use restrict the runoff of headwater catchments from reaching the main stem during low base flow periods, thereby contributing to the spatial and temporal regulation of N export from headwater tributaries.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Water Resources Research 40 (2004): W11201, doi:10.1029/2004WR003172.
Suggested CitationArticle: Williams, Michael, Hopkinson, Charles S., Rastetter, Edward B., Vallino, Joseph J., "N budgets and aquatic uptake in the Ipswich River basin, northeastern Massachusetts", Water Resources Research 40 (2004): W11201, DOI:10.1029/2004WR003172, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/3470
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Mecking, Sabine; Warner, Mark J.; Greene, Catherine E.; Hautala, Susan L.; Sonnerup, Rolf E. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-07-17)A diagnostic, isopycnal advection-diffusion model based on a climatological, geostrophic flow field is used to study the uptake of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) into the portion of the thermocline that outcrops in the open ...
Changes in the North Atlantic Oscillation influence CO2 uptake in the North Atlantic over the past 2 decades Thomas, Helmuth; Prowe, A. E. Friederike; Lima, Ivan D.; Doney, Scott C.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Greatbatch, Richard J.; Schuster, Ute; Corbiere, Antoine (American Geophysical Union, 2008-12-31)Observational studies report a rapid decline of ocean CO2 uptake in the temperate North Atlantic during the last decade. We analyze these findings using ocean physical-biological numerical simulations forced with interannually ...
Potter, Jody D.; McDowell, William H.; Merriam, J. L.; Peterson, Bruce J.; Thomas, Suzanne M. (Ecological Society of America, 2010-12)Rapid increases in nitrogen (N) loading are occurring in many tropical watersheds, but the fate of N in tropical streams is not well documented. Rates of nitrate uptake and denitrification were measured in nine tropical ...