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Barnacle larvae in ice : survival, reproduction, and time to post settlement metamorphosis

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dc.contributor.author Pineda, Jesus
dc.contributor.author DiBacco, Claudio
dc.contributor.author Starczak, Victoria R.
dc.date.accessioned 2005-12-27T14:00:34Z
dc.date.available 2005-12-27T14:00:34Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/346
dc.description Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2005. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of American Society of Limnology and Oceanography for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Limnology and Oceanography 50 (2005): 1520-1528.
dc.description.abstract Late stage larvae (cyprids) of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides frequently encounter freezing conditions along the northwest Atlantic coast. S. balanoides cyprids survived for more than 4 weeks embedded in sea ice, and a significant fraction of larvae held in ice up to 2 weeks successfully settled and metamorphosed after thawing. Larvae that completed metamorphosis continued to develop and reproduce. In settlement experiments with cyprids of known age and where settled cyprids were removed every other day from the experimental containers, cyprids held in ice for 2 weeks settled and metamorphosed more than nonfrozen larvae. Mean time to metamorphosis was longer for frozen cyprids than for nonfrozen ones, and maximum time to metamorphosis was 38 d for cyprids held in sea ice for 2 weeks and 26 d for cyprids in nonfrozen treatments. Larval tolerance to freezing conditions greatly expands the environmental tolerance repertoire of marine invertebrates and may help explain the ecological success of this widespread intertidal species. en
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (OCE-9986627 and OCE-0083976). en
dc.format.extent 506617 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.subject Semibalanus balanoides en
dc.subject Larval tolerance en
dc.subject Freezing conditions en
dc.title Barnacle larvae in ice : survival, reproduction, and time to post settlement metamorphosis en
dc.type Preprint en


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