Low reservoir ages for the surface ocean from mid-Holocene Florida corals
Druffel, Ellen R. M.
Robinson, Laura F.
Halley, Robert B.
Southon, John R.
Adkins, Jess F.
MetadataShow full item record
The 14C reservoir age of the surface ocean was determined for two Holocene periods (4908–4955 and 3008–3066 calendar (cal) B.P.) using U/Th-dated corals from Biscayne National Park, Florida, United States. We found that the average reservoir ages for these two time periods (294 ± 33 and 291 ± 27 years, respectively) were lower than the average value between A.D. 1600 and 1900 (390 ± 60 years) from corals. It appears that the surface ocean was closer to isotopic equilibrium with CO2 in the atmosphere during these two time periods than it was during recent times. Seasonal δ 18O measurements from the younger coral are similar to modern values, suggesting that mixing with open ocean waters was indeed occurring during this coral's lifetime. Likely explanations for the lower reservoir age include increased stratification of the surface ocean or increased Δ14C values of subsurface waters that mix into the surface. Our results imply that a more correct reservoir age correction for radiocarbon measurements of marine samples in this location from the time periods ∼3040 and ∼4930 cal years B.P. is ∼292 ± 30 years, less than the canonical value of 404 ± 20 years.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2008. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 23 (2008): PA2209, doi:10.1029/2007PA001527.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Soulet, Guillaume; Skinner, Luke C.; Beaupre, Steven R.; Galy, valier (2016-01)Reservoir age offsets are widely used to correct marine and speleothem radiocarbon age measurements for various calibration purposes. They also serve as a powerful tracer for carbon cycle dynamics. However, a clear terminology ...
On the effective capacity of the dense-water reservoir for the Nordic Seas overflow : some effects of topography and wind stress Yang, Jiayan; Pratt, Lawrence J. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-02)The overflow of the dense water mass across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge (GSR) from the Nordic Seas drives the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). The Nordic Seas is a large basin with an enormous reservoir ...
Follett, Christopher L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2014-06)Understanding the fate of primary production in the ocean is a challenging task because once produced, organic material is oxidized over timescales which range from minutes, to millions of years. This timescale diversity ...