Deep ocean nutrients during the Last Glacial Maximum deduced from sponge silicon isotopic compositions
Hendry, Katharine R.
Georg, R. Bastian
Rickaby, Rosalind E. M.
Robinson, Laura F.
Halliday, Alex N.
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The relative importance of biological and physical processes within the Southern Ocean for the storage of carbon and atmospheric pCO2 on glacial-interglacial timescales remains uncertain. Understanding the impact of surface biological production on carbon export in the past relies on the reconstruction of the nutrient supply from upwelling deep-waters. In particular, the upwelling of silicic acid (Si(OH)4) is tightly coupled to carbon export in the Southern Ocean via diatom productivity. Here, we address how changes in deep-water Si(OH)4 concentrations can be reconstructed using the silicon isotopic composition of deep-sea sponges. We report δ30Si of modern deep-sea sponge spicules and show that they reflect seawater Si(OH)4 concentration. The fractionation factor of sponge δ30Si compared to seawater δ30Si shows a positive relationship with Si(OH)4, which may be a growth rate effect. Application of this proxy in two down-core records from the Scotia Sea reveals that Si(OH)4 concentrations in the deep Southern Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) were no different than today. Our result does not support a coupling of carbon and nutrient build up in an isolated deep-ocean reservoir during the LGM. Our data, combined with records of stable isotopes from diatoms, are only consistent with enhanced LGM Southern Ocean nutrient utilization if there was also a concur rent reduction in diatom silicification or a shift from siliceous to organic walled phytoplankton.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2010. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters 292 (2010): 290-300, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.005.
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Erratum to “Deep ocean nutrients during the Last Glacial Maximum deduced from sponge silicon isotopic compositions” [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 292 (2010) 290–300] Hendry, Katharine R.; Georg, R. Bastian; Rickaby, Rosalind E. M.; Robinson, Laura F.; Halliday, Alex N. (2010-12)The relative importance of biological and physical processes within the Southern Ocean for the storage of carbon and atmospheric pCO2 on glacial-interglacial timescales remains uncertain. Understanding the impact of surface ...
Silicon isotopes indicate enhanced carbon export efficiency in the North Atlantic during deglaciation Hendry, Katharine R.; Robinson, Laura F.; McManus, Jerry F.; Hays, James D. (2013-11-11)Today's Sargasso Sea is nutrient-starved, except for episodic upwelling events caused by wind-driven winter mixing and eddies. Enhanced diatom opal burial in Sargasso Sea sediments indicates that silicic acid, a limiting ...
Diatom silicon isotopes as a proxy for silicic acid utilisation : a Southern Ocean core top calibration Egan, Katherine E.; Rickaby, Rosalind E. M.; Leng, Melanie J.; Hendry, Katharine R.; Hermoso, Michael; Sloane, Hilary J.; Bostock, Helen; Halliday, Alex N. (Elsevier, 2012-08-11)Despite a growing body of work that uses diatom δ30Si to reconstruct past changes in silicic acid utilisation, few studies have focused on calibrating core top data with modern oceanographic conditions. In this study, a ...