Compound-specific radiocarbon dating of the varved Holocene sedimentary record of Saanich Inlet, Canada
Smittenberg, R. H.
Hopmans, Ellen C.
Hayes, John M.
Eglinton, Timothy I.
Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S.
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KeywordCompound-specific radiocarbon dating; Crenarchaeol; Reservoir age; NE Pacific; Saanich Inlet
The radiocarbon contents of various biomarkers extracted from the varve-counted sediments of Saanich Inlet, Canada, were determined to assess their applicability for dating purposes. Calibrated ages obtained from the marine planktonic archaeal biomarker crenarchaeol compared favorably with varve-count ages. The same conclusion could be drawn for a more general archaeal biomarker (GDGT-0), although this biomarker proved to be less reliable due to its less-specific origin. The results also lend support to earlier indications that marine crenarchaeota use dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) as their carbon source. The average reservoir age offset ΔR of 430 years, determined using the crenarchaeol radiocarbon ages, varied by ±110 years. This may be caused by natural variations in ocean-atmosphere mixing or upwelling at the NE Pacific coast but variability may also be due to an inconsistency in the marine calibration curve when used at sites with high reservoir ages.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 19 (2004): PA2012, doi:10.1029/2003PA000927.
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