The 1995 Georges Bank Stratification Study and moored array measurements
Alessi, Carol A.
Beardsley, Robert C.
Caruso, Michael J.
Churchill, James H.
Irish, James D.
Lentz, Steven J.
Weller, Robert A.
Williams, Albert J.
Manning, James P.
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KeywordU.S. GLOBEC; Moored array; Parizeau (Ship) Cruise PAR94-018; Parizeau (Ship) Cruise PAR95-010; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN256; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN259; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN260; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN262; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN269; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN271; Endeavor (Ship: 1976-) Cruise EN274; Seward Johnson (Ship) Cruise SJ95-04; Seward Johnson (Ship) Cruise SJ95-06; Seward Johnson (Ship) Cruise SJ95-08
The 1995 Geoges Bank Stratification Study (GBSS) was the first intensive process study conducted as part of the U.S. GLOBEC Northwest Atlantic/Georges Bank field program. The GBSS was designed to investigate the physical processes which control the seasonal development of stratification along the southern flank of Georges Bank during spring and summer. Past work suggested that during this period, larval cod and haddock tended to aggregate to the thermocline on the southern flank where higher concentrations of their copepod prey were found. A moored array was deployed as part of GBSS to observe the onset and evolution of sesonal stratification over the southern flank with sufficient vertical and horizontal resolution that key physical processes could be identified and quantified. Moored current, temperature, and conductivity (salinity) measurements were made at three sites along the southern flank, one on the crest, and one on the northeast peak of the bank. Moored surface meteorological measurements were also made at one southern flank site to determine the surface wind stress and heat and moisture fluxes. The oceanographic and meteorological data collected with the GBSS array during January-August 1995 are presented in this report. Meteorological data collected on National Data Buoy Center environmental buoys 44011 (Georges Bank), 44008 (Nantucket Shoals), and 44005 (Gulf of Maine) are included in this report for completeness and comparison with the GBSS southern flank meteorological measurements.
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