Rapid change in freshwater content of the Arctic Ocean
McPhee, M. G.
Morison, James H.
MetadataShow full item record
The dramatic reduction in minimum Arctic sea ice extent in recent years has been accompanied by surprising changes in the thermohaline structure of the Arctic Ocean, with potentially important impact on convection in the North Atlantic and the meridional overturning circulation of the world ocean. Extensive aerial hydrographic surveys carried out in March–April, 2008, indicate major shifts in the amount and distribution of fresh-water content (FWC) when compared with winter climatological values, including substantial freshening on the Pacific side of the Lomonosov Ridge. Measurements in the Canada and Makarov Basins suggest that total FWC there has increased by as much as 8,500 cubic kilometers in the area surveyed, effecting significant changes in the sea-surface dynamic topography, with an increase of about 75% in steric level difference from the Canada to Eurasian Basins, and a major shift in both surface geostrophic currents and freshwater transport in the Beaufort Gyre.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 36 (2009): L10602, doi:10.1029/2009GL037525.
Suggested CitationGeophysical Research Letters 36 (2009): L10602
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rabe, Benjamin; Karcher, Michael; Schauer, Ursula; Toole, John M.; Krishfield, Richard A.; Pisarev, Sergey; Kauker, Frank; Gerdes, Rudiger; Kikuchi, Takashi (2010-12-10)Unprecedented summer-season sampling of the Arctic Ocean during the period 2006−2008 makes possible a quasi-synoptic estimate of liquid freshwater (LFW) inventories in the Arctic Ocean basins. In comparison to observations ...
Hakkinen, Sirpa M. A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2004-03-31)Arctic Ocean model simulations have revealed that the Arctic Ocean has a basin-wide oscillation with cyclonic and anticyclonic circulation anomalies (Arctic Ocean Oscillation (AOO)) that has a prominent decadal variability ...
Short term changes in moisture content drive strong changes in Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and gross primary productivity in four Arctic moss communities May, Jeremy L.; Parker, Thomas C.; Unger, Steven; Oberbauer, Steven F. (2018-04)Climate change is currently altering temperature and precipitation totals and timing in Arctic regions. Moss communities constitute much of the understory in Arctic vegetation, and as poikilohydric plants moss are highly ...