12 May 2008 M = 7.9 Wenchuan, China, earthquake calculated to increase failure stress and seismicity rate on three major fault systems


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dc.contributor.author Toda, Shinji
dc.contributor.author Lin, Jian
dc.contributor.author Meghraoui, Mustapha
dc.contributor.author Stein, Ross S.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-03T19:06:36Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-03T19:06:36Z
dc.date.issued 2008-09-09
dc.identifier.citation Geophysical Research Letters 35 (2008): L17305 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/3372
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2008. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 35 (2008): L17305, doi:10.1029/2008GL034903. en_US
dc.description.abstract The Wenchuan earthquake on the Longmen Shan fault zone devastated cities of Sichuan, claiming at least 69,000 lives. We calculate that the earthquake also brought the Xianshuihe, Kunlun and Min Jiang faults 150–400 km from the mainshock rupture in the eastern Tibetan Plateau 0.2–0.5 bars closer to Coulomb failure. Because some portions of these stressed faults have not ruptured in more than a century, the earthquake could trigger or hasten additional M > 7 earthquakes, potentially subjecting regions from Kangding to Daofu and Maqin to Rangtag to strong shaking. We use the calculated stress changes and the observed background seismicity to forecast the rate and distribution of damaging shocks. The earthquake probability in the region is estimated to be 57–71% for M ≥ 6 shocks during the next decade, and 8–12% for M ≥ 7 shocks. These are up to twice the probabilities for the decade before the Wenchuan earthquake struck. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship S. T. and R. S. are grateful for research fellowships at EOST- Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, France. J. L. was supported by the Charles D. Hollister Endowed Fund for Support of Innovative Research at WHOI. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/postscript
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dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034903
dc.subject Coulomb stress en_US
dc.subject Earthquake probability en_US
dc.subject Stress transfer en_US
dc.title 12 May 2008 M = 7.9 Wenchuan, China, earthquake calculated to increase failure stress and seismicity rate on three major fault systems en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1029/2008GL034903

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