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dc.contributor.authorMoore, C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBarnard, Andrew H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFietzek, P.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Marlon R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSosik, Heidi M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Sheri N.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZielinski, Oliver  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationOcean Science 5 (2009):661-684en_US
dc.description© 2009 The Authors. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. The definitive version was published in Ocean Science 5 (2009): 661-684, doi: 10.5194/os-5-661-2009en_US
dc.description.abstractRequirements for understanding the relationships between ocean color and suspended and dissolved materials within the water column, and a rapidly emerging photonics and materials technology base for performing optical based analytical techniques have generated a diverse offering of commercial sensors and research prototypes that perform optical measurements in water. Through inversion, these tools are now being used to determine a diverse set of related biogeochemical and physical parameters. Techniques engaged include measurement of the solar radiance distribution, absorption, scattering, stimulated fluorescence, flow cytometry, and various spectroscopy methods. Selective membranes and other techniques for material isolation further enhance specificity, leading to sensors for measurement of dissolved oxygen, methane, carbon dioxide, common nutrients and a variety of other parameters. Scientists are using these measurements to infer information related to an increasing set of parameters and wide range of applications over relevant scales in space and time.en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Unionen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Unported*
dc.titleOptical tools for ocean monitoring and researchen_US

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Attribution 3.0 Unported
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 Unported