Eddys in the Arctic Ocean from IOEB ADCP data
Krishfield, Richard A.
Plueddemann, Albert J.
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Filtered and Earth-referenced ADCP data from the B92, B97 and S97 IOEBs were demodulated to remove inertial and near-inertial tidal frequencies, in order to highlight the low frequency components for examination of Arctic submesoscale eddys. This report describes the raw data, processing scheme, and numerical and graphical results of this analysis, which are also available at http://ioeb.whoi.edu/ioebeddys.htm. Using the demodulated timeseries of current profiles from each buoy, characteristics of 95 possible eddy encounters are quantified by (1) identifying anomalously large velocities associated with subsurface vortices, (2) determining the vortex centers and their drift, and (3) determining vortex properties as a function of radius and depth. Out of 44 total months of observations, 81 of the encounters were determined to be subsurface eddies, and 29 were eddy core encounters. Only 14 of the confirmed subsurface encounters were cyclonic, versus 66 anticyclonic, and one indeterminate. Within the southern and central Canadian basin portion of the Beaufort Gyre, halocline eddys with maximum velocities between 10 and 45 cm/s, centered around 140 m depth, and over 100 m thick were prevalent. Over the Northwind Ridge, eddy encounters were absent from any timeseries. Farther north and west over the Chukchi Cap, encounters resumed, but were generally smaller, more shallow and less intense (although these observations were mostly derived from a lower resolution transmitted data subset).
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