Now showing items 1-20 of 8751

    • Framework for sustained climate assessment in the United States 

      Moss, Richard H.; Avery, Susan K.; Baja, Kristin; Burkett, Maxine; Chischilly, Ann Marie; Dell, Janet; Fleming, P. A.; Geilf, Kerrie L.; Jacobs, Katharine L.; Jones, Alan H.; Knowlton, Kim; Koh, Jay; Lemos, Maria Carmen; Melillo, Jerry M.; Pandya, Rajul; Richmond, Terese; Scarlett, Lynn; Snyder, Jared; Stults, Melissa; Waple, Anne; Whitehead, Jessica; Zarrilli, Daniel; Fox, James; Ganguly, Auroop; Joppa, Lucas; Julius, Susan; Kirshen, Paul; Kreutter, Rebecca; McGovern, Amy; Meyer, Ryan; Neumann, James; Solecki, William; Smith, Joel; Tissot, Philippe; Yohe, Gary; Zimmerman, Rae (American Meteorological Society, 2019-06-04)
      As states, cities, tribes, and private interests cope with climate damages and seek to increase preparedness and resilience, they will need to navigate myriad choices and options available to them. Making these choices in ...
    • Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1 regulates ATP synthase protein components to increase neuronal process outgrowth 

      Chen, Rongmin; Park, Han-A; Mnatsakanyan, Nelli; Niu, Yulong; Licznerski, Pawel; Wu, Jing; Miranda, Paige; Graham, Morven; Tang, Jack; Boon, Agnita J. W.; Cossu, Giovanni; Mandemakers, Wim; Bonifati, Vincenzo; Smith, Peter J. S.; Alavian, Kambiz N.; Jonas, Elizabeth A. (Springer Nature, 2019-06-13)
      Familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) protein DJ-1 mutations are linked to early onset PD. We have found that DJ-1 binds directly to the F1FO ATP synthase β subunit. DJ-1’s interaction with the β subunit decreased mitochondrial ...
    • Single nucleosome imaging reveals loose genome chromatin networks via active RNA polymerase II. 

      Nagashima, Ryosuke; Hibino, Kayo; Ashwin, S. S.; Babokhov, Michael; Fujishiro, Shin; Imai, Ryosuke; Nozaki, Tadasu; Tamura, Sachiko; Tani, Tomomi; Kimura, Hiroshi; Shribak, Michael; Kanemaki, Masato T.; Sasai, Masaki; Maeshima, Kazuhiro (Rockefeller University Press, 2019-03-01)
      Although chromatin organization and dynamics play a critical role in gene transcription, how they interplay remains unclear. To approach this issue, we investigated genome-wide chromatin behavior under various transcriptional ...
    • Evaluating knowledge to support climate action: A framework for sustained assessment. report of an independent advisory committee on applied climate assessment. 

      Moss, Richard H.; Avery, Susan K.; Baja, Kristin; Burkett, Maxine; Chischilly, Ann Marie; Dell, Janet; Fleming, P. A.; Geil, Kerrie L.; Jacobs, Katharine L.; Jones, Alan H.; Knowlton, Kim; Koh, Jay; Lemos, Maria Carmen; Melillo, Jerry M.; Pandya, Rajul; Richmond, Terese; Scarlett, Lynn; Snyder, Jared; Stults, Melissa; Waple, Anne; Whitehead, Jessica; Zarrilli, Daniel; Ayyub, Bilal M.; Fox, James; Ganguly, Auroop; Joppa, Lucas; Julius, Susan; Kirshen, Paul; Kreutter, Rebecca; McGovern, Amy; Meyer, Ryan; Neumann, James; Solecki, William; Smith, Joel; Tissot, Philippe; Yohe, Gary; Zimmerman, Rae (American Meteorological Society, 2019-05-21)
      As states, cities, tribes, and private interests cope with climate damages and seek to increase preparedness and resilience, they will need to navigate myriad choices and options available to them. Making these choices in ...
    • Xenopus resources: Transgenic, inbred and mutant animals, training opportunities, and web-based support. 

      Horb, Marko E.; Wlizla, Marcin; Abu-Daya, Anita; McNamara, Sean; Gajdasik, Dominika; Igawa, Takeshi; Suzuki, Atsushi; Ogino, Hajime; Noble, Anna; Robert, Jacques; James-Zorn, Christina; Guille, Matthew; Nicolas, Morgane; Lafond, Thomas; Boujard, Daniel; Audic, Yann; Guillet, Brigitte; Centre de Ressource Biologique Xenope team in France (Frontiers Media, 2019-04-25)
      Two species of the clawed frog family, Xenopus laevis and X. tropicalis, are widely used as tools to investigate both normal and disease-state biochemistry, genetics, cell biology, and developmental biology. To support ...
    • A ctenophore (comb jelly) employs vortex rebound dynamics and outperforms other gelatinous swimmers 

      Gemmell, Brad J.; Colin, Sean P.; Costello, John H.; Sutherland, Kelly R. (The Royal Society, 2019-03-20)
      Gelatinous zooplankton exhibit a wide range of propulsive swimming modes. One of the most energetically efficient is the rowing behaviour exhibited by many species of schyphomedusae, which employ vortex interactions to ...
    • Seasonal and daily patterns of the mating calls of the oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau. 

      Van Wert, Jacey C.; Mensinger, Allen F. (University of Chicago Press, 2019-02-08)
      Acoustic communication is vital across many taxa for mating behavior, defense, and social interactions. Male oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau, produce courtship calls, or “boatwhistles,” characterized by an initial broadband ...
    • Climate and lawn management interact to control C4 plant distribution in residential lawns across seven U.S. cities. 

      Trammell, Tara; Pataki, Diane E.; Still, Christopher J.; Ehleringer, James R.; Avolio, Meghan L.; Bettez, Neil D.; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Groffman, Peter M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Hall, Sharon J.; Heffernan, James B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Larson, Kelli L.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Neill, Christopher; Nelson, Kristen; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pearse, William D.; Roy Chowdhury, Rinku; Steele, Meredith K.; Wheeler, Megan M. (Ecological Society of America, 2019-04-01)
      In natural grasslands, C4 plant dominance increases with growing season temperatures and reflects distinct differences in plant growth rates and water use efficiencies of C3 vs. C4 photosynthetic pathways. However, in ...
    • Water salinity and inundation control soil carbon decomposition during salt marsh restoration: An incubation experiment. 

      Wang, Faming; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Gonneea, Meagan E.; Pohlman, John W.; Tang, Jianwu (Wiley Open Access, 2019-02-10)
      Coastal wetlands are a significant carbon (C) sink since they store carbon in anoxic soils. This ecosystem service is impacted by hydrologic alteration and management of these coastal habitats. Efforts to restore tidal ...
    • AP-1cFos/JunB/miR-200a regulate the pro-regenerative glial cell response during axolotl spinal cord regeneration 

      Sabin, Keith Z.; Jiang, Peng; Gearhart, Micah D.; Stewart, Ron; Echeverri, Karen (Nature Research, 2019-03-06)
      Salamanders have the remarkable ability to functionally regenerate after spinal cord transection. In response to injury, GFAP+ glial cells in the axolotl spinal cord proliferate and migrate to replace the missing neural ...
    • Understanding regeneration at different scales. 

      MacCord, Kate; Maienschein, Jane (eLife Sciences Publications, 2019-03-13)
      Regeneration occurs at many different levels in nature, from individual organisms (notably earthworms and hydra), through communities of microbes, to ecosystems such as forests. Researchers in the life sciences and the ...
    • Dynamic pigmentary and structural coloration within cephalopod chromatophore organs 

      Williams, Thomas L.; Senft, Stephen L.; Yeo, Jingjie; Martín-Martínez, Francisco J.; Kuzirian, Alan M.; Martin, Camille A.; DiBona, Christopher W.; Chen, Chun-Teh; Dinneen, Sean R.; Nguyen, Hieu T.; Gomes, Conor M.; Rosenthal, Joshua J. C.; MacManes, Matthew D.; Chu, Feixia; Buehler, Markus J.; Hanlon, Roger T.; Deravi, Leila F. (Nature Research, 2019-03-01)
      Chromatophore organs in cephalopod skin are known to produce ultra-fast changes in appearance for camouflage and communication. Light-scattering pigment granules within chromatocytes have been presumed to be the sole source ...
    • Fungi in the Marine Environment: Open Questions and Unsolved Problems 

      Amend, Anthony; Burgaud, Gaëtan; Cunliffe, Michael; Edgcomb, Virginia P.; Ettinger, Cassandra L.; Gutiérrez, M. H.; Heitman, Joseph; Hom, Erik F. Y.; Ianiri, Giuseppe; Jones, Adam C.; Kagami, Maiko; Picard, Kathryn T.; Quandt, C. Alisha; Raghukumar, Seshagiri; Riquelme, Mertixell; Stajich, Jason; Vargas-Muñiz, José; Walker, Allison K.; Yarden, Oded; Gladfelter, Amy S. (American Society for Microbiology, 2019-03-05)
      Terrestrial fungi play critical roles in nutrient cycling and food webs and can shape macroorganism communities as parasites and mutualists. Although estimates for the number of fungal species on the planet range from 1.5 ...
    • Colloid osmotic parameterization and measurement of subcellular crowding 

      Mitchison, Timothy J. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2019-01-14)
      Crowding of the subcellular environment by macromolecules is thought to promote protein aggregation and phase separation. A challenge is how to parameterize the degree of crowding of the cell interior or artificial solutions ...
    • Localizing individual soniferous fish using passive acoustic monitoring 

      Putland, Rosalyn L.; Mackiewicz, A. G.; Mensinger, Allen F. (Elsevier, 2018-08-13)
      Identifying where fish inhabit is a fundamentally important topic in ecology and management allowing acoustically sensitive times and areas to be prioritized. Passive acoustic localization has the benefit of being a ...
    • Propulsive design principles in a multi-jet siphonophore. 

      Sutherland, Kelly R.; Gemmell, Brad J.; Colin, Sean P.; Costello, John H. (Company of Biologists, 2019-02-27)
      Coordination of multiple propulsors can provide performance benefits in swimming organisms. Siphonophores are marine colonial organisms that orchestrate the motion of multiple swimming zooids for effective swimming. However, ...
    • Drosophila kinesin-8 stabilizes the kinetochore–microtubule interaction 

      Edzuka, Tomoya; Goshima, Gohta (Rockefeller University Press, 2018-12-11)
      Kinesin-8 is required for proper chromosome alignment in a variety of animal and yeast cell types. However, it is unclear how this motor protein family controls chromosome alignment, as multiple biochemical activities, ...
    • Elaborate pupils in skates may help camouflage the eye 

      Youn, Sean; Okinaka, Corey; Mäthger, Lydia M. (Company of Biologists, 2019-01-21)
      The skate Leucoraja erinacea is a bottom-dweller that buries into the substrate with its eyes protruding, revealing elaborately shaped pupils. It has been suggested that such pupil shapes may camouflage the eye, yet this ...
    • An amphipathic helix enables septins to sense micrometer-scale membrane curvature 

      Cannon, Kevin S.; Woods, Benjamin L.; Crutchley, John M.; Gladfelter, Amy S. (Rockefeller University Press, 2019-01-18)
      Cell shape is well described by membrane curvature. Septins are filament-forming, GTP-binding proteins that assemble on positive, micrometer-scale curvatures. Here, we examine the molecular basis of curvature sensing by ...
    • A versatile and open-source rapid LED switching system for one-photon imaging and photo-activation 

      Battefeld, Arne; Popovic, Marko; van der Werf, Dirk; Kole, Maarten H. P. (Frontiers Media, 2019-01-17)
      Combining fluorescence and transmitted light sources for microscopy is an invaluable method in cellular neuroscience to probe the molecular and cellular mechanisms of cells. This approach enables the targeted recording ...