Now showing items 1-20 of 8960

    • Farm-waste-derived recyclable photothermal evaporator 

      Tian, Yanpei; Liu, Xiaojie; Li, Jiansheng; Deng, Yichen; DeGiorgis, Joseph A.; Zhou, Shiyu; Caratenuto, Andrew; Minus, Marilyn L.; Wan, Yinsheng; Xiao, Gang; Zheng, Yi (Cell Press, 2021-08-20)
      Interfacial solar steam generation is emerging as a promising technique for efficient desalination. Although increasing efforts have been made, challenges exist for achieving a balance among a plethora of performance ...
    • Soil carbon consequences of historic hydrologic impairment and recent restoration in coastal wetlands 

      Eagle, Meagan; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Spivak, Amanda C.; Wang, Faming; Tang, Jianwu; Abdul-Aziz, Omar I.; Ishtiaq, Khandker S.; O'Keefe Suttles, Jennifer A.; Mann, Adrian G. (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2022-08-06)
      Coastal wetlands provide key ecosystem services, including substantial long-term storage of atmospheric CO2 in soil organic carbon pools. This accumulation of soil organic matter is a vital component of elevation gain in ...
    • The evolution of synaptic and cognitive capacity: insights from the nervous system transcriptome of Aplysia 

      Orvis, Joshua; Albertin, Carolin B.; Shrestha, Pragya; Chen, Shuangshuang; Zheng, Melanie; Rodriguez, Cheyenne J.; Tallon, Luke J.; Mahurkar, Anup; Zimin, Aleksey V.; Kim, Michelle; Liu, Kelvin; Kandel, Eric R.; Fraser, Claire M.; Sossin, Wayne; Abrams, Thomas W. (National Academy of Sciences, 2022-07-08)
      The gastropod mollusk Aplysia is an important model for cellular and molecular neurobiological studies, particularly for investigations of molecular mechanisms of learning and memory. We developed an optimized assembly ...
    • Normal table of Xenopus development: a new graphical resource 

      Zahn, Natalya; James-Zorn, Christina; Ponferrada, Virgilio G.; Adams, Dany S.; Grzymkowski, Julia; Buchholz, Daniel R.; Nascone-Yoder, Nanette M.; Horb, Marko E.; Moody, Sally A.; Vize, Peter D.; Zorn, Aaron M. (The Company of Biologists, 2022-07-14)
      Normal tables of development are essential for studies of embryogenesis, serving as an important resource for model organisms, including the frog Xenopus laevis. Xenopus has long been used to study developmental and cell ...
    • Diel light cycles affect phytoplankton competition in the global ocean 

      Tsakalakis, Ioannis; Follows, Michael J.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Follett, Christopher L.; Vallino, Joseph J. (Wiley, 2022-07-02)
      Aim Light, essential for photosynthesis, is present in two periodic cycles in nature: seasonal and diel. Although seasonality of light is typically resolved in ocean biogeochemical–ecosystem models because of its significance ...
    • Gill developmental program in the teleost mandibular arch 

      Thiruppathy, Mathi; Fabian, Peter; Gillis, J. Andrew; Crump, J. Gage (eLife Sciences Publications, 2022-06-28)
      Whereas no known living vertebrate possesses gills derived from the jaw-forming mandibular arch, it has been proposed that the jaw arose through modifications of an ancestral mandibular gill. Here, we show that the zebrafish ...
    • Sporadic P limitation constrains microbial growth and facilitates SOM accumulation in the stoichiometrically coupled, acclimating microbe-plant-soil model 

      Pold, Grace; Kwiatkowski, Bonnie L.; Rastetter, Edward B.; Sistla, Seeta A. (Elsevier, 2021-11-29)
      Requirements for biomass carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) constrain organism growth and are important agents for structuring ecosystems. Arctic tundra habitats are strongly nutrient limited as decomposition and ...
    • Developing immortal cell lines from Xenopus embryos, four novel cell lines derived from Xenopus tropicalis 

      Gorbsky, Gary J.; Daum, John R.; Sapkota, Hem; Summala, Katja; Yoshida, Hitoshi; Georgescu, Constantin; Wren, Jonathan D.; Peshkin, Leonid; Horb, Marko E. (The Royal Society, 2022-07-06)
      The diploid anuran Xenopus tropicalis has emerged as a key research model in cell and developmental biology. To enhance the usefulness of this species, we developed methods for generating immortal cell lines from Nigerian ...
    • Point spread function of the polarized light field microscope 

      Tran, Mai Thi; Oldenbourg, Rudolf (Optica, 2022-05-26)
      We examined the point spread function of the polarized light field microscope and established a computational framework to solve the forward problem in polarized light field imaging, for the purpose of furthering its use ...
    • An experimental method for evoking and characterizing dynamic color patterning of cuttlefish during prey capture 

      Kim, Danbee; Buresch, Kendra C.; Hanlon, Roger T.; Kampff, Adam R. (POL Scientific, 2022-06-14)
      Cuttlefish are active carnivores that possess a wide repertoire of body patterns that can be changed within milliseconds for many types of camouflage and communication. The forms and functions of many body patterns are ...
    • The pseudobranch of jawed vertebrates is a mandibular arch-derived gill 

      Hirschberger, Christine; Gillis, J. Andrew (The Company of Biologists, 2022-07-11)
      The pseudobranch is a gill-like epithelial elaboration that sits behind the jaw of most fishes. This structure was classically regarded as a vestige of the ancestral gill arch-like condition of the gnathostome jaw. However, ...
    • Deletion in chromosome 6 spanning alpha-synuclein and multimerin1 loci in the Rab27a/b double knockout mouse 

      Pattanayak, Rudradip; Underwood, Rachel; Crowley, Michael R.; Crossman, David K.; Morgan, Jennifer R.; Yacoubian, Talene A. (Nature Research, 2022-06-14)
      We report an incidental 358.5 kb deletion spanning the region encoding for alpha-synuclein (αsyn) and multimerin1 (Mmrn1) in the Rab27a/Rab27b double knockout (DKO) mouse line previously developed by Tolmachova and colleagues ...
    • N and P constrain C in ecosystems under climate change: role of nutrient redistribution, accumulation, and stoichiometry 

      Rastetter, Edward B.; Kwiatkowski, Bonnie L.; Kicklighter, David W.; Barker Plotkin, Audrey; Genet, Helene; Nippert, Jesse B.; O'Keefe, Kimberly; Perakis, Steven S.; Porder, Stephen; Roley, Sarah S.; Ruess, Roger W.; Thompson, Jonathan R.; Wieder, William R.; Wilcox, Kevin R.; Yanai, Ruth D. (Ecological Society of America, 2022-05-28)
      We use the Multiple Element Limitation (MEL) model to examine responses of 12 ecosystems to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2), warming, and 20% decreases or increases in precipitation. Ecosystems respond synergistically to ...
    • Spinal cord regeneration—the origins of progenitor cells for functional rebuilding 

      Walker, Sarah E.; Echeverri, Karen (Elsevier, 2022-05-24)
      The spinal cord is one of the most important structures for all vertebrate animals as it connects almost all parts of the body to the brain. Injury to the mammalian spinal cord has devastating consequences, resulting in ...
    • Impoundment increases methane emissions in Phragmites‐invaded coastal wetlands 

      Sanders-DeMott, Rebecca; Eagle, Meagan; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Wang, Faming; Brooks, Thomas W.; O'Keefe Suttles, Jennifer A.; Nick, Sydney K.; Mann, Adrian G.; Tang, Jianwu (Wiley, 2022-05-26)
      Saline tidal wetlands are important sites of carbon sequestration and produce negligible methane (CH4) emissions due to regular inundation with sulfate-rich seawater. Yet, widespread management of coastal hydrology has ...
    • Identification of LINE retrotransposons and long non-coding RNAs expressed in the octopus brain 

      Petrosino, Giuseppe; Ponte, Giovanna; Volpe, Massimiliano; Zarrella, Ilaria; Ansaloni, Federico; Langella, Concetta; Di Cristina, Giulia; Finaurini, Sara; Russo, Monia T.; Basu, Swaraj; Musacchia, Francesco; Ristoratore, Filomena; Pavlinic, Dinko; Benes, Vladimir; Ferrante, Maria I.; Albertin, Carolin B.; Simakov, Oleg; Gustincich, Stefano; Sanges, Remo (BMC, 2022-05-18)
      Background Transposable elements (TEs) widely contribute to the evolution of genomes allowing genomic innovations, generating germinal and somatic heterogeneity, and giving birth to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). These ...
    • Editorial: seagrasses under times of change 

      Winters, Gidon; Teichberg, Mirta; Reuter, Hauke; Viana, Ines G.; Willette, Demian A. (Frontiers Media, 2022-04-28)
      Awareness of the ecological importance of seagrasses is growing due to recent attention to their role in carbon sequestration as a potential blue carbon sink (Fourqurean et al., 2012; Bedulli et al.), as well as their role ...
    • Phytoplankton surveys in the Arctic Fram Strait demonstrate the tiny eukaryotic alga Micromonas and other picoprasinophytes contribute to deep sea export 

      Bachy, Charles; Sudek, Lisa; Choi, Chang Jae; Eckmann, Charlotte A.; Nöthig, Eva-Maria; Metfies, Katja; Worden, Alexandra Z. (MDPI, 2022-05-03)
      Critical questions exist regarding the abundance and, especially, the export of picophytoplankton (≤2 µm diameter) in the Arctic. These organisms can dominate chlorophyll concentrations in Arctic regions, which are subject ...
    • Endogenous retroviruses augment amphibian (Xenopus laevis) tadpole antiviral protection 

      Kalia, Namarta; Hauser, Kelsey A.; Burton, Sarah; Hossainey, Muhammad Riadul Haque; Zelle, Mira; Horb, Marko E.; Grayfer, Leon (American Society for Microbiology, 2022-05-16)
      The global amphibian declines are compounded by infections with members of the Ranavirus genus such as Frog Virus 3 (FV3). Premetamorphic anuran amphibians are believed to be significantly more susceptible to FV3 while ...
    • Inflammasome activation in neutrophils of patients with severe COVID-19 

      Aymonnier, Karen; Ng, Julie; Fredenburgh, Laura E.; Zambrano-Vera, Katherin; Münzer, Patrick; Gutch, Sarah; Fukui, Shoichi; Desjardins, Michael; Subramaniam, Meera; Baron, Rebecca M.; Raby, Benjamin A.; Perrella, Mark A.; Lederer, James A.; Wagner, Denisa D. (American Society of Hematology, 2022-04-12)
      Infection by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) engages the inflammasome in monocytes and macrophages and leads to the cytokine storm in COVID-19. Neutrophils, the most abundant leukocytes, ...