Now showing items 694-713 of 921

    • Rapid recovery of genetic diversity of stomatopod populations on Krakatau : temporal and spatial scales of marine larval dispersal 

      Barber, Paul H.; Moosa, M. K.; Palumbi, S. R. (Royal Society, 2002-07-09)
      Although the recovery of terrestrial communities shattered by the massive eruption of Krakatau in 1883 has been well chronicled, the fate of marine populations has been largely ignored. We examined patterns of genetic ...
    • Rapid screening for freshwater bacterial groups by using reverse line blot hybridization 

      Zwart, Gabriel; van Hannen, Erik J.; Kamst-van Agterveld, Miranda P.; Van der Gucht, Katleen; Lindstrom, Eva S.; Van Wichelen, Jeroen; Lauridsen, Torben; Crump, Byron C.; Han, Suk-Kyun; Declerck, Steven (American Society for Microbiology, 2003-10)
      The identification of phylogenetic clusters of bacteria that are common in freshwater has provided a basis for probe design to target important freshwater groups. We present a set of 16S ribosomal RNA gene-based oligonucleotide ...
    • Rapid, low-input, low-bias construction of shotgun fragment libraries by high-density in vitro transposition 

      Adey, Andrew; Morrison, Hilary G.; Asan; Xun, Xu; Kitzman, Jacob O.; Turner, Emily H.; Stackhouse, Bethany; MacKenzie, Alexandra P.; Caruccio, Nicholas C.; Zhang, Xiuqing; Shendure, Jay (BioMed Central Ltd, 2010-12-08)
      We characterize and extend a highly efficient method for constructing shotgun fragment libraries in which transposase catalyzes in vitro DNA fragmentation and adaptor incorporation simultaneously. We apply this method to ...
    • RCC1-dependent activation of Ran accelerates cell cycle and DNA repair, inhibiting DNA damage–induced cell senescence 

      Cekan, Pavol; Hasegawa, Keisuke; Pan, Yu; Tubman, Emily; Odde, David; Chen, Jin-Qiu; Herrmann, Michelle A.; Kumar, Sheetal; Kalab, Petr (American Society for Cell Biology, 2016-02-10)
      The coordination of cell cycle progression with the repair of DNA damage supports the genomic integrity of dividing cells. The function of many factors involved in DNA damage response (DDR) and the cell cycle depends on ...
    • RCN4GSC Workshop Report : managing data at the interface of biodiversity and (meta)genomics, March 2011 

      Robbins, Robert J.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Bik, Holly; Blum, Stan D.; Edwards, James; Field, Dawn; Garrity, George M.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Kottmann, Renzo; Krishtalka, Leonard; Lapp, Hilmar; Lawrence, Carolyn; Morrison, Norman; O Tuama, Eamonn; Parr, Cynthia Sims; San Gil, Inigo; Schindel, David; Schriml, Lynn M.; Vieglas, David; Wooley, John (Genomic Standards Consortium, 2012-07-28)
      Building on the planning efforts of the RCN4GSC project, a workshop was convened in San Diego to bring together experts from genomics and metagenomics, biodiversity, ecology, and bioinformatics with the charge to identify ...
    • Recent changes in nitrate and dissolved organic carbon export from the upper Kuparuk River, North Slope, Alaska 

      McClelland, James W.; Stieglitz, Marc; Pan, Feifei; Holmes, Robert M.; Peterson, Bruce J. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-11-08)
      Export of nitrate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the upper Kuparuk River between the late 1970s and early 2000s was evaluated using long-term ecological research (LTER) data in combination with solute flux and ...
    • Reconciling carbon-cycle concepts, terminology, and methods 

      Chapin, F. Stuart; Woodwell, G. M.; Randerson, James T.; Rastetter, Edward B.; Lovett, G. M.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Clark, D. A.; Harmon, Mark E.; Schimel, David S.; Valentini, R.; Wirth, C.; Aber, J. D.; Cole, Jonathan J.; Goulden, Michael L.; Harden, J. W.; Heimann, M.; Howarth, Robert W.; Matson, P. A.; McGuire, A. David; Melillo, Jerry M.; Mooney, H. A.; Neff, Jason C.; Houghton, Richard A.; Pace, Michael L.; Ryan, M. G.; Running, Steven W.; Sala, Osvaldo E.; Schlesinger, William H.; Schulze, E.-D. (2006-01-06)
      Recent patterns and projections of climatic change have focused increased scientific and public attention on patterns of carbon (C) cycling and its controls, particularly the factors that determine whether an ecosystem is ...
    • Reconfigurable self-assembly through chiral control of interfacial tension 

      Gibaud, Thomas; Barry, Edward; Zakhary, Mark J.; Henglin, Mir; Ward, Andrew; Yang, Yasheng; Berciu, Cristina; Oldenbourg, Rudolf; Hagan, Michael F.; Nicastro, Daniela; Meyer, Robert B.; Dogic, Zvonimir (2011-12-01)
      From determining optical properties of simple molecular crystals to establishing preferred handedness in highly complex vertebrates, molecular chirality profoundly influences the structural, mechanical, and optical properties ...
    • Reconstitution of amoeboid motility in vitro identifies a motor-independent mechanism for cell body retraction 

      Shimabukuro, Katsuya; Noda, Naoki; Stewart, Murray; Roberts, Thomas M. (2011-08)
      Crawling movement in eukaryotic cells requires coordination of leading edge protrusion with cell body retraction [1-3]. Protrusion is driven by actin polymerization along the leading edge [4]. The mechanism of retraction ...
    • Reconstitution of dynamic microtubules with Drosophila XMAP215, EB1, and Sentin 

      Li, Wenjing; Moriwaki, Takashi; Tani, Tomomi; Watanabe, Takashi; Kaibuchi, Kozo; Goshima, Gohta (Rockefeller University Press, 2012-11-26)
      Dynamic microtubules (MTs) are essential for various intracellular events, such as mitosis. In Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells, three MT tip-localizing proteins, Msps/XMAP215, EB1, and Sentin (an EB1 cargo protein), have ...
    • Reconstructing rare soil microbial genomes using in situ enrichments and metagenomics 

      Delmont, Tom O.; Eren, A. Murat; Maccario, Lorrie; Prestat, Emmanuel; Esen, Ozcan C.; Pelletier, Eric; Le Paslier, Denis; Simonet, Pascal; Vogel, Timothy M. (Frontiers Media, 2015-04-30)
      Despite extensive direct sequencing efforts and advanced analytical tools, reconstructing microbial genomes from soil using metagenomics have been challenging due to the tremendous diversity and relatively uniform distribution ...
    • Recovering complete and draft population genomes from metagenome datasets 

      Sangwan, Naseer; Xia, Fangfang; Gilbert, Jack A. (BioMed Central, 2016-03-08)
      Assembly of metagenomic sequence data into microbial genomes is of fundamental value to improving our understanding of microbial ecology and metabolism by elucidating the functional potential of hard-to-culture microorganisms. ...
    • Recovery from disturbance requires resynchronization of ecosystem nutrient cycles 

      Rastetter, Edward B.; Yanai, Ruth D.; Thomas, R. Q.; Vadeboncoeur, M. A.; Fahey, Timothy J.; Fisk, M. C.; Kwiatkowski, Bonnie L.; Hamburg, S. P. (Ecological Society of America, 2013-04)
      Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are tightly cycled in most terrestrial ecosystems, with plant uptake more than 10 times higher than the rate of supply from deposition and weathering. This near-total dependence on recycled ...
    • Rediscovery of the nucleolinus, a dynamic RNA-rich organelle associated with the nucleolus, spindle, and centrosomes 

      Alliegro, Mary Anne; Henry, Jonathan J.; Alliegro, Mark C. (2010-06)
      The nucleolinus is an RNA-rich compartment, closely apposed to or embedded within the nucleolus. Discovered over 150 years ago, fewer than two dozen articles have been published on the nucleolinus, probably because complex ...
    • The reduced genome of the parasitic microsporidian Enterocytozoon bieneusi lacks genes for core carbon metabolism 

      Keeling, Patrick J.; Corradi, Nicolas; Morrison, Hilary G.; Haag, Karen L.; Ebert, Dieter; Weiss, Louis M.; Akiyoshi, Donna E.; Tzipori, Saul (Oxford University Press, 2010-05-13)
      Reduction of various biological processes is a hallmark of the parasitic lifestyle. Generally, the more intimate the association between parasites and hosts the stronger the parasite relies on its host's physiology for ...
    • Regeneration in the era of functional genomics and gene network analysis 

      Smith, Joel; Morgan, Jennifer R.; Zottoli, Steven J.; Smith, Peter J. S.; Buxbaum, Joseph D.; Bloom, Ona E. (Marine Biological Laboratory, 2011-08)
      What gives an organism the ability to regrow tissues and to recover function where another organism fails is the central problem of regenerative biology. The challenge is to describe the mechanisms of regeneration at the ...
    • Regeneration of oral siphon pigment organs in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis 

      Auger, Helene; Sasakura, Yasunori; Joly, Jean-Stephane; Jeffery, William R. (2009-12-06)
      Ascidians have powerful capacities for regeneration but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we examine oral siphon regeneration in the solitary ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Following amputation, the ...
    • Regeneration, stem cells, and aging in the tunicate Ciona : insights from the oral siphon 

      Jeffery, William R. (2015-04)
      Regeneration studies in the tunicate Ciona intestinalis have recently been focused on the potential of adult stem cells to replace injured tissues and organs during the adult life cycle using the oral siphon (OS) as a ...
    • The regional and global significance of nitrogen removal in lakes and reservoirs 

      Harrison, John A.; Maranger, Roxane J.; Alexander, Richard B.; Giblin, Anne E.; Jacinthe, Pierre-Andre; Mayorga, Emilio; Seitzinger, Sybil P.; Sobota, Daniel J.; Wollheim, Wilfred M. (2008-06-25)
      Human activities have greatly increased the transport of biologically available N through watersheds to potentially sensitive coastal ecosystems. Lentic water bodies (lakes and reservoirs) have the potential to act as ...
    • Regional differences in phosphorus budgets in intensive soybean agriculture 

      Riskin, Shelby H.; Porder, Stephen; Schipanski, Meagan E.; Bennett, Elena M.; Neill, Christopher (University of California Press, 2013-01)
      Fertilizer-intensive agriculture has been integral to increasing food production over the past half century but has been accompanied by environmental costs. We use case studies of phosphorus fertilizer use in the world’s ...