Now showing items 452-471 of 811

  • Microbial services : challenges for microbial ecologists in a changing world 

    Ducklow, Hugh W. (Inter-Research, 2008-09-18)
    Bacteria, archaea and other microbes have dominated most biogeochemical processes on Earth for >99% of the history of life, but within the past few decades anthropogenic activity has usurped their dominance. Human activity ...
  • Microbiological characterization of post-eruption “snowblower” vents at Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge 

    Meyer, Julie L.; Akerman, Nancy H.; Proskurowski, Giora; Huber, Julie A. (Frontiers Media, 2013-06-17)
    Microbial processes within the subseafloor can be examined during the ephemeral and uncommonly observed phenomena known as snowblower venting. Snowblowers are characterized by the large quantity of white floc that is ...
  • The microbiome in pediatric cystic fibrosis patients : the role of shared environment suggests a window of intervention 

    Hampton, Thomas H.; Green, Deanna M.; Cutting, Garry R.; Morrison, Hilary G.; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Gifford, Alex H.; Stanton, Bruce A.; O’Toole, George A. (BioMed Central, 2014-04-28)
    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CFTR gene that predispose the airway to infection. Chronic infection by pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa leads to inflammation that gradually degrades lung function, ...
  • Microstructural and biochemical characterization of the nanoporous sucker rings from Dosidicus gigas 

    Miserez, Ali; Weaver, James C.; Pedersen, Peter B.; Schneeberk, Todd; Hanlon, Roger T.; Kisailus, David; Birkedal, Henrik (2008-11-24)
    Recent interest in the development of environmentally benign routes to the synthesis of novel multifunctional materials has resulted in numerous investigations into structure-function relationships of a wide range of ...
  • Microtransplantation of cellular membranes from squid stellate ganglion reveals ionotropic GABA receptors 

    Conti, Luca; Limon, Agenor; Palma, Eleonora; Miledi, Ricardo (Marine Biological Laboratory, 2013-02-01)
    The squid has been the most studied cephalopod, and it has served as a very useful model for investigating the events associated with nerve impulse generation and synaptic transmission. While the physiology of squid giant ...
  • Microtubule dynamics in cell division : exploring living cells with polarized light microscopy 

    Inoue, Shinya (2008-04-11)
    This Perspective is an account of my early experience while I studied the dynamic organization and behavior of the mitotic spindle and its submicroscopic filaments using polarized light microscopy. The birefringence of ...
  • Microtubule plus-end dynamics in Xenopus egg extract spindles 

    Tirnauer, Jennifer S.; Salmon, Edward D.; Mitchison, Timothy J. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2004-02-06)
    Microtubule dynamics underlie spindle assembly, yet we do not know how the spindle environment affects these dynamics. We developed methods for measuring two key parameters of microtubule plus-end dynamic instability in ...
  • Microtubules do not promote mitotic slippage when the spindle assembly checkpoint cannot be satisfied 

    Brito, Daniela A.; Yang, Zhenye; Rieder, Conly L. (Rockefeller University Press, 2008-08-18)
    When the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) cannot be satisfied, cells exit mitosis via mitotic slippage. In microtubule (MT) poisons, slippage requires cyclin B proteolysis, and it appears to be accelerated in drug ...
  • Migration and actin protrusion in melanoma cells are regulated by EB1 protein 

    Schober, Joseph M.; Cain, Jeanine M.; Komarova, Yulia A.; Borisy, Gary G. (2009-04)
    Remodeling of actin and microtubule cytoskeletons is thought to be coupled; however, the interplay between these two systems is not fully understood. We show a microtubule end-binding protein, EB1, is required for formation ...
  • A “mimic octopus” in the Atlantic : flatfish mimicry and camouflage by Macrotritopus defilippi 

    Hanlon, Roger T.; Watson, Anya C.; Barbosa, Alexandra (Marine Biological Laboratory, 2010-02)
    The sand-dwelling octopus Macrotritopus defilippi was filmed or photographed in five Caribbean locations mimicking the swimming behavior (posture, style, speed, duration) and coloration of the common, sand-dwelling flounder ...
  • Minimum entropy decomposition : unsupervised oligotyping for sensitive partitioning of high-throughput marker gene sequences 

    Eren, A. Murat; Morrison, Hilary G.; Lescault, Pamela J.; Reveillaud, Julie; Vineis, Joseph H.; Sogin, Mitchell L. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-10-17)
    Molecular microbial ecology investigations often employ large marker gene datasets, for example, ribosomal RNAs, to represent the occurrence of single-cell genomes in microbial communities. Massively parallel DNA sequencing ...
  • Minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS) and minimum information about any (x) sequence (MIxS) specifications 

    Yilmaz, Pelin; Kottmann, Renzo; Field, Dawn; Knight, Rob; Cole, James R.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Johnston, Anjanette; Cochrane, Guy R.; Vaughan, Robert; Hunter, Christopher; Park, Joonhong; Morrison, Norman; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sterk, Peter; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan; Bailey, Mark; Baumgartner, Laura; Birren, Bruce W.; Blaser, Martin J.; Bonazzi, Vivien; Booth, Tim; Bork, Peer; Bushman, Frederic D.; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Chain, Patrick S. G.; Charlson, Emily; Costello, Elizabeth K.; Huot-Creasy, Heather; Dawyndt, Peter; DeSantis, Todd; Fierer, Noah; Fuhrman, Jed A.; Gallery, Rachel E.; Gevers, Dirk; Gibbs, Richard A.; San Gil, Inigo; Gonzalez, Antonio; Gordon, Jeffrey I.; Guralnick, Robert P.; Hankeln, Wolfgang; Highlander, Sarah; Hugenholtz, Philip; Jansson, Janet; Kau, Andrew L.; Kelley, Scott T.; Kennedy, Jerry; Knights, Dan; Koren, Omry; Kuczynski, Justin; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Larsen, Robert; Lauber, Christian L.; Legg, Teresa; Ley, Ruth E.; Lozupone, Catherine A.; Ludwig, Wolfgang; Lyons, Donna; Maguire, Eamonn; Methe, Barbara A.; Meyer, Folker; Muegge, Brian; Nakielny, Sara; Nelson, Karen E.; Nemergut, Diana; Neufeld, Josh D.; Newbold, Lindsay K.; Oliver, Anna E.; Pace, Norman R.; Palanisamy, Giriprakash; Peplies, Jorg; Petrosino, Joseph; Proctor, Lita; Pruesse, Elmar; Quast, Christian; Raes, Jeroen; Ratnasingham, Sujeevan; Ravel, Jacques; Relman, David A.; Assunta-Sansone, Susanna; Schloss, Patrick D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sinha, Rohini; Smith, Michelle I.; Sodergren, Erica; Spor, Ayme; Stombaugh, Jesse; Tiedje, James M.; Ward, Doyle V.; Weinstock, George M.; Wendel, Doug; White, Owen; Whiteley, Andrew; Wilke, Andreas; Wortman, Jennifer R.; Yatsunenko, Tanya; Glockner, Frank Oliver (2011-01-04)
    Here we present a standard developed by the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) to describe marker gene sequences—the minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS). We also introduce a system for describing the ...
  • Mitochondrial delivery is essential for synaptic potentiation 

    Tong, James Jiayuan (Marine Biological Laboratory, 2007-04)
    Mitochondria, as portable generators that power synaptic function, regulate the ATP supply and calcium homeostasis in the neuron. As molecular interactions within the synapses before and after the potentiation are beginning ...
  • Mitochondrial respiration and Ca2+ waves are linked during fertilization and meiosis completion 

    Dumollard, Remi; Hammar, Katherine M.; Porterfield, D. Marshall; Smith, Peter J. S.; Cibert, Christian; Rouviere, Christian; Sardet, Christian (Company of Biologists Limited, 2003)
    Fertilization increases both cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and oxygen consumption in the egg but the relationship between these two phenomena remains largely obscure. We have measured mitochondrial oxygen consumption and ...
  • MIxS-BE : a MIxS extension defining a minimum information standard for sequence data from the built environment 

    Glass, Elizabeth M.; Dribinsky, Yekaterina; Yilmaz, Pelin; Levin, Hal; Van Pelt, Robert; Wendel, Doug; Wilke, Andreas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Huse, Susan M.; Shipanova, Anna; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Stajich, Jason; Knight, Rob; Meyer, Folker; Schriml, Lynn M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-10-24)
    The need for metadata standards for microbe sampling in the built environment.
  • A model for Bioinformatics training : the Marine Biological Laboratory 

    Yamashita, Grant; Miller, Holly; Goddard, Anthony; Norton, Cathy N. (2010-08-04)
    Many areas of science such as biology, medicine, and oceanography are becoming increasingly data-rich and most programs that train scientists do not address informatics techniques or technologies that are necessary for ...
  • A model of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle 

    Manizza, Manfredi; Follows, Michael J.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Menemenlis, Dimitris; McClelland, James W.; Hill, C. N.; Peterson, Bruce J.; Key, Robert M. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-12-15)
    A three dimensional model of Arctic Ocean circulation and mixing, with a horizontal resolution of 18 km, is overlain by a biogeochemical model resolving the physical, chemical and biological transport and transformations ...
  • Modeling coupled biogeochemical cycles 

    Rastetter, Edward B. (Ecological Society of America, 2011-02)
    Organisms require about 30 essential elements to sustain life. The cycles of these elements are coupled to one another through the specific physiological requirements of the organisms. Here, I contrast several approaches ...
  • Modeling denitrification in aquatic sediments 

    Fennel, Katja; Brady, Damian; DiToro, Dominic; Fulweiler, Robinson W.; Gardner, Wayne S.; Giblin, Anne E.; McCarthy, Mark J.; Rao, Alexandra; Seitzinger, Sybil P.; Thouvenot-Korppoo, Marie; Tobias, Craig R. (2008-10-10)
    Sediment denitrification is a major pathway of fixed nitrogen loss from aquatic systems. Due to technical difficulties in measuring this process and its spatial and temporal variability, estimates of local, regional and ...
  • Modeling transport and fate of riverine dissolved organic carbon in the Arctic Ocean 

    Manizza, Manfredi; Follows, Michael J.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; McClelland, James W.; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Hill, C. N.; Townsend-Small, Amy; Peterson, Bruce J. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-10-07)
    The spatial distribution and fate of riverine dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the Arctic may be significant for the regional carbon cycle but are difficult to fully characterize using the sparse observations alone. ...