Now showing items 295-314 of 806

  • Genomic impact of eukaryotic transposable elements 

    Arkhipova, Irina R.; Batzer, Mark A.; Brosius, Juergen; Feschotte, Cedric; Moran, John V.; Schmitz, Jurgen; Jurka, Jerzy (BioMed Central, 2012-11-21)
    The third international conference on the genomic impact of eukaryotic transposable elements (TEs) was held 24 to 28 February 2012 at the Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. Sponsored in part by the National ...
  • The Genomic Standards Consortium 

    Field, Dawn; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Cochrane, Guy R.; Cole, James R.; Dawyndt, Peter; Garrity, George M.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Glockner, Frank Oliver; Hirschman, Lynette; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Knight, Rob; Kottmann, Renzo; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Meyer, Folker; San Gil, Inigo; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sterk, Peter; Tatusova, Tatiana; Ussery, David W.; White, Owen; Wooley, John (Public Library of Science, 2011-06-21)
    A vast and rich body of information has grown up as a result of the world's enthusiasm for 'omics technologies. Finding ways to describe and make available this information that maximise its usefulness has become a major ...
  • The genomic standards consortium : bringing standards to life for microbial ecology 

    Yilmaz, Pelin; Gilbert, Jack A.; Knight, Rob; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Cochrane, Guy R.; Nakamura, Yasukazu; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Glockner, Frank Oliver; Field, Dawn (Nature Publishing Group, 2011-04-07)
    Interest in sampling of diverse environments, combined with advances in high-throughput sequencing, vastly accelerates the pace at which new genomes and metagenomes are generated. For example, as of January 2011, 12 ...
  • Genomic Standards Consortium projects 

    Field, Dawn; Sterk, Peter; Kottmann, Renzo; De Smet, Wim; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Cochrane, Guy R.; James, Cole R.; Davies, Neil; Dawyndt, Peter; Garrity, George M.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Glockner, Frank Oliver; Hirschman, Lynette; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Knight, Rob; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Meyer, Folker; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Morrison, Norman; Robbins, Robert J.; San Gil, Inigo; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Schriml, Lynn M.; Tatusova, Tatiana; Ussery, David W.; Yilmaz, Pelin; White, Owen; Wooley, John; Caporaso, Gregory (Genomic Standards Consortium, 2014)
    The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) is an open-membership community working towards the development, implementation and harmonization of standards in the field of genomics. The mission of the GSC is to improve digital ...
  • Genomic survey of the non-cultivatable opportunistic human pathogen, Enterocytozoon bieneusi 

    Akiyoshi, Donna E.; Morrison, Hilary G.; Lei, Shi; Feng, Xiaochuan; Zhang, Quanshun; Corradi, Nicolas; Mayanja, Harriet; Tumwine, James K.; Keeling, Patrick J.; Weiss, Louis M.; Tzipori, Saul (Public Library of Science, 2009-01-09)
    Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common microsporidian associated with human disease, particularly in the immunocompromised population. In the setting of HIV infection, it is associated with diarrhea and wasting syndrome. ...
  • Genomics of an extreme psychrophile, Psychromonas ingrahamii 

    Riley, Monica; Staley, James T.; Danchin, Antoine; Wang, Ting Zhang; Brettin, Thomas S.; Hauser, Loren J.; Land, Miriam L.; Thompson, Linda S. (BioMed Central, 2008-05-06)
    The genome sequence of the sea-ice bacterium Psychromonas ingrahamii 37, which grows exponentially at -12C, may reveal features that help to explain how this extreme psychrophile is able to grow at such low temperatures. ...
  • Giant axonal neuropathy–associated gigaxonin mutations impair intermediate filament protein degradation 

    Mahammad, Saleemulla; Prasanna Murthy, S. N.; Didonna, Alessandro; Grin, Boris; Israeli, Eitan; Perrot, Rodolphe; Bomont, Pascale; Julien, Jean-Pierre; Kuczmarski, Edward; Opal, Puneet; Goldman, Robert D. (American Society for Clinical Investigation, 2013-04-15)
    Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is an early-onset neurological disorder caused by mutations in the GAN gene (encoding for gigaxonin), which is predicted to be an E3 ligase adaptor. In GAN, aggregates of intermediate filaments ...
  • The giant eyes of giant squid are indeed unexpectedly large, but not if used for spotting sperm whales 

    Nilsson, Dan-E; Warrant, Eric J.; Johnsen, Sonke; Hanlon, Roger T.; Shashar, Nadav (BioMed Central, 2013-09-08)
    We recently reported (Curr Biol 22:683–688, 2012) that the eyes of giant and colossal squid can grow to three times the diameter of the eyes of any other animal, including large fishes and whales. As an explanation to this ...
  • GiardiaDB and TrichDB : integrated genomic resources for the eukaryotic protist pathogens Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis 

    Aurrecoechea, Cristina; Brestelli, John; Brunk, Brian P.; Carlton, Jane M.; Dommer, Jennifer; Fischer, Steve; Gajria, Bindu; Gao, Xin; Gingle, Alan; Grant, Greg; Harb, Omar S.; Heiges, Mark; Innamorato, Frank; Iodice, John; Kissinger, Jessica C.; Kraemer, Eileen; Li, Wei; Miller, John A.; Morrison, Hilary G.; Nayak, Vishal; Pennington, Cary; Pinney, Deborah F.; Roos, David S.; Ross, Chris; Stoeckert, Christian J.; Sullivan, Steven; Treatman, Charles; Wang, Haiming (Oxford University Press, 2008-09-29)
    GiardiaDB (http://GiardiaDB.org) and TrichDB (http://TrichDB.org) house the genome databases for Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis, respectively, and represent the latest additions to the EuPathDB (http://EuPathDB.org) ...
  • Global distribution and diversity of marine Verrucomicrobia 

    Freitas, Sara; Hatosy, Stephen; Fuhrman, Jed A.; Huse, Susan M.; Mark Welch, David B.; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Martiny, Adam C. (2011-12-08)
    Verrucomicrobia is a bacterial phylum that is commonly detected in soil but little is known about the distribution and diversity of this phylum in the marine environment. To address this, we analyzed the marine microbial ...
  • Global economic effects of changes in crops, pasture, and forests due to changing climate, carbon dioxide, and ozone 

    Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, S.; Felzer, Benjamin S.; Wang, X.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Wang, C. (2006-01)
    Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...
  • Global N removal by freshwater aquatic systems using a spatially distributed, within-basin approach 

    Wollheim, Wilfred M.; Vorosmarty, Charles J.; Bouwman, A. F.; Green, Pamela; Harrison, John A.; Linder, Ernst; Peterson, Bruce J.; Seitzinger, Sybil P.; Syvitski, James P. M. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-06-20)
    We explored the role of aquatic systems in the global N cycle using a spatially distributed, within-basin, aquatic nitrogen (N) removal model, implemented within the Framework for Aquatic Modeling in the Earth System ...
  • Glycinergic feedback enhances synaptic gain in the distal retina 

    Jiang, Zheng; Yang, Jinnan; Purpura, Lauren A.; Liu, Yufei; Ripps, Harris; Shen, Wen (2013-09)
    Glycine input originates with interplexiform cells, a group of neurons situated within the inner retina that transmit signals centrifugally to the distal retina. The effect on visual function of this novel mechanism is ...
  • Golgi cells operate as state-specific temporal filters at the input stage of the cerebellar cortex 

    Heine, Shane A.; Highstein, Stephen M.; Blazquez, Pablo M. (Society for Neuroscience, 2010-12-15)
    Cerebellar processing of incoming information begins at the synapse between mossy fibers and granule cells, a synapse that is strongly controlled through Golgi cell inhibition. Thus, Golgi cells are uniquely positioned to ...
  • Grand challenges in biodiversity informatics 

    Sarkar, Indra Neil (2007-01)
    The exponentially growing array of biological data has necessitated the development of a new information management domain, biodiversity informatics. It is one of the newest members of the ‘informatics’ sub-disciplines, ...
  • Green algal infection of American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) exoskeletal structures 

    Braverman, Hillary; Leibovitz, Louis; Lewbart, Gregory A. (2012-06)
    Degenerative lesions in the dorsum of the horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) exoskeleton, eyes, arthrodial membrane, and base of the telson were documented in a population of wild caught laboratory animals. The disease ...
  • The green algal underground : evolutionary secrets of desert cells 

    Cardon, Zoe G.; Gray, Dennis W.; Lewis, Louise A. (American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2008-02)
    Microscopic, unicellular, free-living green algae are found in desert microbiotic crusts worldwide. Although morphologically simple, green algae in desert crusts have recently been found to be extraordinarily diverse, with ...
  • Greening China naturally 

    Cao, Shixiong; Sun, Ge; Zhang, Zhiqiang; Chen, Liding; Feng, Qi; Fu, Bojie; McNulty, Steve; Shankman, David; Tang, Jianwu; Wang, Yanhui; Wei, Xiaohua (2011-04)
    China leads the world in afforestation, and is one of the few countries whose forested area is increasing. However, this massive ‘‘greening’’ effort has been less effective than expected; afforestation has sometimes produced ...
  • GRIPseq data for S. Purpuratus 24 hpf 

    Tulin, Sarah; Barsi, Julius; Bocconcelli, Carlo; Smith, Joel (2015-01-19)
    This dataset is the result of a new method for identifying putative cis-regulatory elements genome wide, termed GRIPseq for Genome-wide Regulatory element Immunoprecipitation. Our protocol combines elements of chromatin ...
  • The gut microbiota of rural Papua New Guineans : composition, diversity patterns, and ecological processes 

    Martinez, Ines; Stegen, James C.; Maldonado-Gomez, Maria X.; Eren, A. Murat; Siba, Peter M.; Greenhill, Andrew R.; Walter, Jens (Cell Press, 2015-04-16)
    Although recent research revealed an impact of westernization on diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota, the exact consequences on metacommunity characteristics are insufficiently understood, and the underlying ...