Morphology of late Quaternary submarine landslides along the U.S. Atlantic continental margin
Twichell, David C.
Chaytor, Jason D.
ten Brink, Uri S.
MetadataShow full item record
The nearly complete coverage of the U.S. Atlantic continental slope and rise by multibeam bathymetry and backscatter imagery provides an opportunity to reevaluate the distribution of submarine landslides along the margin and reassess the controls on their formation. Landslides can be divided into two categories based on their source areas: those sourced in submarine canyons and those sourced on the open continental slope and rise. Landslide distribution is in part controlled by the Quaternary history of the margin. They cover 33% of the continental slope and rise of the glacially influenced New England margin, 16% of the sea floor offshore of the fluvially dominated Middle Atlantic margin, and 13% of the sea floor south of Cape Hatteras. The headwall scarps of open-slope sourced landslides occur mostly on the lower slope and upper rise while they occur mostly on the upper slope in the canyon-sourced ones. The deposits from both landslide categories are generally thin (mostly 20–40 m thick) and comprised primarily of Quaternary material, but the volumes of the open-slope sourced landslide deposits can be larger (1–392 km3) than the canyon-sourced ones (1–10 km3). The largest failures are located seaward of shelf-edge deltas along the southern New England margin and near salt domes that breach the sea floor south of Cape Hatteras. The spatial distribution of landslides indicates that earthquakes associated with rebound of the glaciated part of the margin or earthquakes associated with salt domes were probably the primary triggering mechanism although other processes may have pre-conditioned sediments for failure. The largest failures and those that have the potential to generate the largest tsunamis are the open-slope sourced landslides.
This paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. The definitive version was published in Marine Geology 264 (2009): 4-15, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.01.009.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Data file : continental margin program : Atlantic coast of the United States: vol. 1: sample collection data; supplement 1 Hathaway, John C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1967-07)This supplement to Volume I of the Data File, Continental Margin, Atlantic Coast of the United States (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Ref. No. 66-8) consists of three parts: 1. Errata for Volume I, 2. New station ...
Seabed fluid expulsion along the upper slope and outer shelf of the U.S. Atlantic continental margin Brothers, Daniel S.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Kluesner, J. W.; ten Brink, Uri S.; Chaytor, Jason D.; Hill, Jenna C.; Andrews, Brian D.; Flores, Claudia H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-01-08)Identifying the spatial distribution of seabed fluid expulsion features is crucial for understanding the substrate plumbing system of any continental margin. A 1100 km stretch of the U.S. Atlantic margin contains more than ...
Data file, Continental Margin Program, Atlantic Coast of the United States : vol. 2 sample collection and analytical data Hathaway, John C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1971-02)The purpose of the data file presented below is twofold: the first purpose is to make available in printed form the basic data relating to the samples collected as part of the joint U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole ...