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dc.contributor.authorHobbie, John E.
dc.contributor.authorHobbie, Erik A.
dc.contributor.authorDrossman, Howard
dc.contributor.authorConte, Maureen H.
dc.contributor.authorWeber, John C.
dc.contributor.authorShamhart, Julee
dc.contributor.authorWeinrobe, Melissa
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-05T13:39:43Z
dc.date.available2009-08-05T13:39:43Z
dc.date.issued2009-02-03
dc.identifier.citationCanadian Journal of Microbiology 55 (2009): 84-94en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/2902
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © NRC Research Press, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of NRC Research Press for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Canadian Journal of Microbiology 55 (2009): 84-94, doi:10.1139/W08-127.en
dc.description.abstractSymbiotic fungi’s role in providing nitrogen to host plants is well-studied in tundra at Toolik Lake, Alaska, but little-studied in the adjoining boreal forest ecosystem. Along a 570 km north–south transect from the Yukon River to the North Slope of Alaska, the 15N content was strongly reduced in ectomycorrhizal and ericoid mycorrhizal plants including Betula, Salix, Picea mariana (P. Mill.) B.S.P., Picea glauca Moench (Voss), and ericaceous plants. Compared with the 15N content of soil, the foliage of nonmycorrhizal plants (Carex and Eriophorum) was unchanged, whereas content of the ectomycorrhizal fungi was very much higher (e.g., Boletaceae, Leccinum and Cortinarius). It is hypothesized that similar processes operate in tundra and boreal forest, both nitrogen-limited ecosystems: (i) mycorrhizal fungi break down soil polymers and take up amino acids or other nitrogen compounds; (ii) mycorrhizal fungi fractionate against 15N during production of transfer compounds; (iii) host plants are accordingly depleted in 15N; and (iv) mycorrhizal fungi are enriched in 15N. Increased N availability for plant roots or decreased light availability to understory plants may have decreased N allocation to mycorrhizal partners and increased δ15N by 3‰–4‰ for southern populations of Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. and Salix. Fungal biomass, measured as ergosterol, correlated strongly with soil organic matter and attained amounts similar to those in temperate forest soils.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF OPP-0612598 and NSF DEB-0614266).en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/vnd.ms-excel
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNRC Research Pressen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1139/W08-127
dc.subjectMycorrhizal fungien
dc.subjectN-15en
dc.subjectNitrogen cyclingen
dc.subjectSymbiosisen
dc.subjectNitrogen isotopesen
dc.titleMycorrhizal fungi supply nitrogen to host plants in Arctic tundra and boreal forests : 15N is the key signalen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1139/W08-127


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