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dc.contributor.authorGroen, Aaron C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMaresca, Thomas J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGatlin, Jesse C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSalmon, Edward D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMitchison, Timothy J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2009-06-04T19:05:18Z
dc.date.available2009-06-04T19:05:18Z
dc.date.issued2009-04-15
dc.identifier.citationMolecular Biology of the Cell 20 (2009): 2766-2773en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/2847
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Society for Cell Biology, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of American Society for Cell Biology for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Molecular Biology of the Cell 20 (2009): 2766-2773, doi:10.1091/mbc.E09-01-0043.en
dc.description.abstractDistinct pathways from centrosomes and chromatin are thought to contribute in parallel to microtubule nucleation and stabilization during animal cell mitotic spindle assembly, but their full mechanisms are not known. We investigated the function of three proposed nucleation/stabilization factors, TPX2, {gamma}-tubulin and XMAP215, in chromatin-promoted assembly of anastral spindles in Xenopus laevis egg extract. In addition to conventional depletion-add back experiments, we tested whether factors could substitute for each other, indicative of functional redundancy. All three factors were required for microtubule polymerization and bipolar spindle assembly around chromatin beads. Depletion of TPX2 was partially rescued by the addition of excess XMAP215 or EB1, or inhibiting MCAK (a Kinesin-13). Depletion of either {gamma}-tubulin or XMAP215 was partially rescued by adding back XMAP215, but not by adding any of the other factors. These data reveal functional redundancy between specific assembly factors in the chromatin pathway, suggesting individual proteins or pathways commonly viewed to be essential may not have entirely unique functions.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the American Cancer Society (grant PF0711401 to T. J. Maresca), the National Cancer Institute (grant CA078048-09 to T. J. Mitchison) and the National Institutes of Health (grant F32GM080049 to J. C. Gatlin and grant GM24364 to E. D. Salmon).en
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dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Cell Biologyen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E09-01-0043
dc.titleFunctional overlap of microtubule assembly factors in chromatin-promoted spindle assemblyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1091/mbc.E09-01-0043


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