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dc.contributor.authorDrake, Henri F.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRivest, Ronald L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorEdelman, Alan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDeutch, John  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-22T22:02:19Z
dc.date.available2021-11-22T22:02:19Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-21
dc.identifier.citationDrake, H. F., Rivest, R. L., Edelman, A., & Deutch, J. (2021). A simple model for assessing climate control trade-offs and responding to unanticipated climate outcomes. Environmental Research Letters, 16(10), 104012.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/27774
dc.description© The Author(s), 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Drake, H. F., Rivest, R. L., Edelman, A., & Deutch, J. A simple model for assessing climate control trade-offs and responding to unanticipated climate outcomes. Environmental Research Letters, 16(10), (2021): 104012, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac243e.en_US
dc.description.abstractPersistent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions threaten global climate goals and have prompted consideration of climate controls supplementary to emissions mitigation. We present MARGO, an idealized model of optimally-controlled climate change, which is complementary to both simpler conceptual models and more complicated Integrated Assessment Models. The four methods of controlling climate damage—mitigation, carbon dioxide removal (CDR), adaptation, and solar radiation modification (SRM)—are not interchangeable, as they enter at different stages of the causal chain that connects GHG emissions to climate damages. Early and aggressive mitigation is necessary to stabilize GHG concentrations below a tolerable level. While the most cost-beneficial and cost-effective pathways to reducing climate suffering include deployments of all four controls, the quantitative trade-offs between the different controls are sensitive to value-driven parameters and poorly-known future costs and damages. Static policy optimization assumes perfect foresight and obscures the active role decision-makers have in shaping a climate trajectory. We propose an explicit policy response process wherein climate control policies are re-adjusted over time in response to unanticipated outcomes. We illustrate this process in two 'storyline' scenarios: (a) near-term increases in mitigation and CDR are deficient, such that climate goals are expected to slip out of reach; (b) SRM is abruptly terminated after 40 years of successful deployment, causing an extremely rapid warming which is amplified by an excess of GHGs due to deterred mitigation. In both cases, an optimized policy response yields substantial benefits relative to continuing the original policy. The MARGO model is intentionally designed to be as simple, transparent, customizable, and accessible as possible, addressing concerns about previous climate-economic modelling approaches and enabling a more diverse set of stakeholders to engage with these essential and timely topics.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program under Grant No. 174530.en_US
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac243e
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleA simple model for assessing climate control trade-offs and responding to unanticipated climate outcomesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/1748-9326/ac243e


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International