Larvae of deep-sea invertebrates harbor low-diversity bacterial communities
Beaulieu, Stace E.
Mills, Susan W.
Mullineaux, Lauren S.
Reitzel, Adam M.
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Microbial symbionts are a common life-history character of marine invertebrates and their developmental stages. Communities of bacteria that associate with the eggs, embryos, and larvae of coastal marine invertebrates tend to be species specific and correlate with aspects of host biology and ecology. The richness of bacteria associated with the developmental stages of coastal marine invertebrates spans four orders of magnitude, from single mutualists to thousands of unique taxa. This understanding stems predominately from the developmental stages of coastal species. If they are broadly representative of marine invertebrates, then we may expect deep-sea species to associate with bacterial communities that are similar in diversity. To test this, we used amplicon sequencing to profile the bacterial communities of invertebrate larvae from multiple taxonomic groups (annelids, molluscs, crustaceans) collected from 2500 to 3670 m in depth in near-bottom waters near hydrothermal vents in 3 different regions of the Pacific Ocean (the East Pacific Rise, the Mariana Back-Arc, and the Pescadero Basin). We find that larvae of deep-sea invertebrates associate with low-diversity bacterial communities (~30 bacterial taxa) that lack specificity between taxonomic groups. The diversity of these communities is estimated to be ~7.9 times lower than that of coastal invertebrate larvae, but this result depends on the taxonomic group. Associating with a low-diversity community may imply that deep-sea invertebrate larvae do not have a strong reliance on a microbiome and that the hypothesized lack of symbiotic contributions would differ from expectations for larvae of coastal marine invertebrates.
© The Author(s), 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Carrier, T. J., Beaulieu, S. E., Mills, S. W., Mullineaux, L. S., & Reitzel, A. M. Larvae of deep-sea invertebrates harbor low-diversity bacterial communities. Biological Bulletin, 241(1), (2021): 65–76, https://doi.org/10.1086/715669.
Suggested CitationCarrier, T. J., Beaulieu, S. E., Mills, S. W., Mullineaux, L. S., & Reitzel, A. M. (2021). Larvae of deep-sea invertebrates harbor low-diversity bacterial communities. Biological Bulletin, 241(1), 65–76.
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