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dc.contributor.authorRogers, Alex D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBaco, Amy R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorEscobar Briones, Elva  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCurrie, Duncan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGjerde, Kristina M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGobin, Judith  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJaspars, Marcel  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLevin, Lisa A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLinse, Katrin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRabone, Muriel  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRamirez-Llodra, Eva  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSellanes, Javier  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShank, Timothy M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSink, Kerry  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSnelgrove, Paul V. R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Michelle L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Daniel  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHarden-Davies, Harriet  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-14T20:11:27Z
dc.date.available2021-09-14T20:11:27Z
dc.date.issued2021-03-31
dc.identifier.citationRogers, A. D., Baco, A., Escobar-Briones, E., Gjerde, K., Gobin, J., Jaspars, M., Levin, L., Linse, K., Rabone, M., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Sellanes, J., Shank, T. M., Sink, K., Snelgrove, P. V. R., Taylor, M. L., Wagner, D., & Harden-Davies, H. (2021). Marine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction: promoting marine scientific research and enabling equitable benefit sharing. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 667274.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/27549
dc.description© The Author(s), 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Rogers, A. D., Baco, A., Escobar-Briones, E., Gjerde, K., Gobin, J., Jaspars, M., Levin, L., Linse, K., Rabone, M., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Sellanes, J., Shank, T. M., Sink, K., Snelgrove, P. V. R., Taylor, M. L., Wagner, D., & Harden-Davies, H. Marine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction: promoting marine scientific research and enabling equitable benefit sharing. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, (2021): 667274, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.667274.en_US
dc.description.abstractGrowing human activity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is driving increasing impacts on the biodiversity of this vast area of the ocean. As a result, the United Nations General Assembly committed to convening a series of intergovernmental conferences (IGCs) to develop an international legally-binding instrument (ILBI) for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of ABNJ [the biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) agreement] under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The BBNJ agreement includes consideration of marine genetic resources (MGR) in ABNJ, including how to share benefits and promote marine scientific research whilst building capacity of developing states in science and technology. Three IGCs have been completed to date with the fourth delayed by the Covid pandemic. This delay has allowed a series of informal dialogues to take place between state parties, which have highlighted a number of areas related to MGR and benefit sharing that require technical guidance from ocean experts. These include: guiding principles on the access and use of MGR from ABNJ; the sharing of knowledge arising from research on MGR in ABNJ; and capacity building and technology transfer for developing states. In this paper, we explain what MGR are, the methods required to collect, study and archive them, including data arising from scientific investigation. We also explore the practical requirements of access by developing countries to scientific cruises, including the sharing of data, as well as participation in research and development on shore whilst promoting rather than hindering marine scientific research. We outline existing infrastructure and shared resources that facilitate access, research, development, and benefit sharing of MGR from ABNJ; and discuss existing gaps. We examine international capacity development and technology transfer schemes that might facilitate or complement non-monetary benefit sharing activities. We end the paper by highlighting what the ILBI can achieve in terms of access, utilization, and benefit sharing of MGR and how we might future-proof the BBNJ Agreement with respect to developments in science and technology.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank the Governments of The Kingdom of Belgium, The Principality of Monaco and Costa Rica, as well as The Prince Albert II Monaco Foundation, The Norwegian Nobel Institute, The Nobel Institute, The High Seas Alliance, The Pew Charitable Trusts, Ocean Unite and REV Ocean for supporting the High Seas Treaty Dialogues which have allowed informal discussions between States representatives on the Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction agreement.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.667274
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjecthigh seasen_US
dc.subjectmarine genetic resourcesen_US
dc.subjectaccess and benefit sharingen_US
dc.subjectUNCLOSen_US
dc.subjectdeveloping statesen_US
dc.titleMarine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction: promoting marine scientific research and enabling equitable benefit sharingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2021.667274


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International